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University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i

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University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 26 Feb 2019, 21:15
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University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year if we do not increase our enrollment. So, if we are to maintain the quality of the education we provide, we must market our programs more aggressively. Without such marketing we will be unable to increase our enrollment.

The conclusion of the university president's argument can be properly drawn if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) The university will not maintain the quality of the education it provides if it increases its enrollment.

(B) The university will not need to reduce spending next year if it increases its enrollment.

(C) The university will increase its enrollment if it markets its programs more aggressively.

(D) The university will not maintain the quality of the education it provides if it reduces spending next year.

(E) The university will not need to reduce spending next year if it markets its programs more aggressively.

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Originally posted by patto on 26 Feb 2019, 12:57.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Feb 2019, 21:15, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted.
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Re: University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2019, 00:29
Hi, may anyone suggest why option D makes a better choice over option C?

To me, it seems that if the university president can increase its top line (enrollments), then his/her problems will be sorted.
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Re: University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2019, 01:45
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abhishek31 wrote:
Hi, may anyone suggest why option D makes a better choice over option C?

To me, it seems that if the university president can increase its top line (enrollments), then his/her problems will be sorted.



Because option C is a statement not an assumption.
Hope its clear
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Re: University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2019, 09:28
patto wrote:
University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year if we do not increase our enrollment. So, if we are to maintain the quality of the education we provide, we must market our programs more aggressively. Without such marketing we will be unable to increase our enrollment.

The conclusion of the university president's argument can be properly drawn if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) The university will not maintain the quality of the education it provides if it increases its enrollment.

(B) The university will not need to reduce spending next year if it increases its enrollment.

(C) The university will increase its enrollment if it markets its programs more aggressively.

(D) The university will not maintain the quality of the education it provides if it reduces spending next year.

(E) The university will not need to reduce spending next year if it markets its programs more aggressively.



Options B & C are directly stated in the argument, right?
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Re: University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2019, 11:24
Dear Expert,
please help me understand what is the main conclusion of the sentence?
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Re: University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2019, 12:45
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abhishek31 wrote:
Hi, may anyone suggest why option D makes a better choice over option C?

To me, it seems that if the university president can increase its top line (enrollments), then his/her problems will be sorted.


Assumption is a statement that:

1. Is neither explicitly stated or can be deduced from the information in the passage
and
2. Must be true so that the conclusion holds

The two conditions above are necessary and sufficient to classify a statement as an Assumption.

In this question, statements in option B,C and E are either explicitly stated or can be logically deduced on the basis of information given in the passage. However, statement in Option D is neither stated nor can be logically inferred from the passage, but it must be true so that the conclusion stands.

I hope your doubt is resolved. Feel free to ask anything more.
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Re: University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2019, 12:48
Raj30 wrote:
patto wrote:
University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year if we do not increase our enrollment. So, if we are to maintain the quality of the education we provide, we must market our programs more aggressively. Without such marketing we will be unable to increase our enrollment.

The conclusion of the university president's argument can be properly drawn if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) The university will not maintain the quality of the education it provides if it increases its enrollment.

(B) The university will not need to reduce spending next year if it increases its enrollment.

(C) The university will increase its enrollment if it markets its programs more aggressively.

(D) The university will not maintain the quality of the education it provides if it reduces spending next year.

(E) The university will not need to reduce spending next year if it markets its programs more aggressively.



Options B & C are directly stated in the argument, right?



Yes.
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Re: University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2019, 04:38
patto wrote:
University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year if we do not increase our enrollment. So, if we are to maintain the quality of the education we provide, we must market our programs more aggressively. Without such marketing we will be unable to increase our enrollment.

The conclusion of the university president's argument can be properly drawn if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) The university will not maintain the quality of the education it provides if it increases its enrollment.

(B) The university will not need to reduce spending next year if it increases its enrollment.

(C) The university will increase its enrollment if it markets its programs more aggressively.

(D) The university will not maintain the quality of the education it provides if it reduces spending next year.

(E) The university will not need to reduce spending next year if it markets its programs more aggressively.


We will be forced to reduce spending next year if we do not increase our enrolment.
Without marketing, we will be unable to increase our enrolment.

Conclusion: If we are to maintain the quality of the education we provide, we must market our programs more aggressively.

Which of the following assumptions can lead to properly drawing the conclusion?
Note what is missing from the premises to the conclusion - the premises do not talk about "maintaining the quality of education" but the conclusion concludes that to maintain it, marketing programs aggressively is a must.

Note the flow of the argument:
Without marketing -> No increase in enrolment
Without increase in enrolment -> Forced to reduce spending
So Marketing programs is essential for "maintaining quality".

We must find a link on how "forced to reduce spending" leads to "not maintaining quality". Option (D) does just that.

The argument is dealing in necessary conditions only.
Marketing necessary for new enrolment.
New enrolment necessary for "not forced to reduce spending".
So marketing necessary for "maintaining quality".

Options (B) and (C) state sufficiency.

(B) The university will not need to reduce spending next year if it increases its enrolment.
Increasing enrolment is sufficient to not "need reduction in spending". This is not an assumption. The argument only talks about necessary conditions.

(C) The university will increase its enrolment if it markets its programs more aggressively.
Marketing is sufficient for increasing enrolment. Again, this is not an assumption. We don't care if marketing is sufficient. We know that it is necessary.


For more on this kind of assumption questions, check: https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/0 ... sumptions/
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University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2019, 09:42
University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year if we do not increase our enrollment. So, if we are to maintain the quality of the education we provide, we must market our programs more aggressively. Without such marketing we will be unable to increase our enrollment.

Step 1: Identify conclusion (trigger word "So" is a good indicator)

C: So, if we are to maintain the quality of the education we provide (Q) we must market our programs more aggressively (M)
(M->Q)


Step 2: Identify premises (Everything used to support the conclusion in some form)

P1: Without such marketing we will be unable to increase our enrollment. M->E
P2: We will be forced to reduce spending next year if we do not increase our enrollment. E->S

From the premises: M->E->S
From the conclusion: M->Q

The final, missing premise to arrive at our conclusion, which is M->Q, is S->Q.
If S->Q then from the premises we can say M->E->S->Q, therefore M->Q.


Final notes: It's a difficult problem because:
1) Identifying the conclusion is tricky. You can make an argument that the passage is three conclusions which are all tied together.
2) The premises and conclusion are all worded backwards (i.e instead of saying A leads to B, the passage says "We can't get to B without A)
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University president: We will be forced to reduce spending next year i   [#permalink] 04 Mar 2019, 09:42
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