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Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's

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Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2012, 20:15
3
29
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, marathon times are calculated using a computer chip attached to each competitor's shoe.

(A) Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,

(B) Besides elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,

(C) With the exception of elite runners, times for whom are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,

(D) Unless the runner is elite, in which case the time is calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,

(E) With the exception being elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,

Correct Answer: D

This problem features Modifier errors in answer choices A, B, C, and E, as the introductory modifying phrase in each attempts to modify the subject of the sentence, 'marathon times', with 'elite runners'.

This comparison is illogical and invalid, as runners and marathon times cannot be compared or contrasted with each other.

Answer choice D, which employs an independent clause ('unless the runner is elite') at the beginning of the sentence instead of a modifier, is correct.
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2013, 13:50
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vishu1414 wrote:
Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, marathon times are calculated using a computer chip attached to each competitor's shoe.
A) Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
B) Besides elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
C) With the exception of elite runners, times for whom are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
D) Unless the runner is elite, in which case the time is calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
E) With the exception being elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,

fameatop wrote:
Hi Mike, Can u kindly tell, what are errors in incorrect options.

The part of the sentence beyond the underlined section begins with "marathon times" ----- any comparison is illogical here, because we are not comparing something else to "marathon times."

(A) Unlike elite runner ... marathon times = illogical
(B) Besides elite runners ... marathon times = illogical
The "besides" literally means on the side of something --- it is used metaphorically to separate one member from a group of similar members "Besides Harding and Ford, all 20th century US Presidents served at least one full term.", "Besides Technetium and Promethium, the first 83 elements all have stable isotopes", etc.

(C) & (E) both have passive structure ---- (E) in particular is a wordy monstrosity. Both also contain an illogical construction --- the construction, With the exception of A, B ... B has to be a category or group that includes A ---- if we drop the intervening relative clause, we get
(C) With the exception of elite runners, ..... marathon times ...
(E) With the exception being elite runners, ..... marathon times ...
Again, the sentence compares "elite runner" to "marathon times", an illogical comparison.

(D) has an active structure that is efficient, direct, and powerful. Of the five answers, it's the only that completely avoids an illogical comparison. That's why it's the best.

Mike :-)
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2012, 01:46
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vishu1414 wrote:
Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, marathon times are calculated using a computer chip attached to each competitor's shoe.

A) Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
B) Besides elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
C) With the exception of elite runners, times for whom are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
D) Unless the runner is elite, in which case the time is calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
E) With the exception being elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,

Not sure why ?


A direct comparsion has to be made between times, reason being that "marathon times" follows the underlined part.
A, B and E are straightaway eliminated in that they are comparing runners with times. Illogical and disastrous.
C goes beyond all this stuff and considers the "runners" "times".
D makes the right comparison, comparing the two times. D says that till the moment the runner is elite, marathon times are calculated.

Hope that will help.
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 06:34
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2)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, marathon times are calculated using a computer chip attached to each competitor's shoe.

(A)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
(B)Besides elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
(C)With the exception of elite runners, times for whom are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
(D)Unless the runner is elite, in which case the time is calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
(E)With the exception being elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,

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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 06:34
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3)By the second week of the department store's "Going Out of Business" sale, there was only a little shirts and not much other clothing left on the racks.

(A)was only a little shirts and not much other clothing
(B)were only a few shirts and not many other clothing
(C)were only a few shirts and not much other clothing
(D)was only a little shirt and other clothing
(E)were only a few shirts and other clothings

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New post 27 May 2013, 06:35
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4)While most graduate students find that their education has prepared them well for their future careers, some express concern over their education lacking real-world application, having, for example, been given homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios or having been assigned to group projects that do not adequately consider the skills of the individual participants.

(A)having, for example, been given homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios or having been
(B)having, for example, homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios or being
(C)as, for example, having too unrealistic a scenario in their homework, or being
(D)when they have, for example, been given unrealistic scenarios in their homework, or were
(E)for example, when they have homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios, or been

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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 06:35
2
5)Growing out of a need for affordable housing during the Great Depression, the first student housing cooperatives were structured as not-for-profit organizations, whose members made small payments toward their room and board, then taking turns performing household duties, such as meal preparation and property maintenance.

(A)board, then taking turns performing
(B)board, and then taking turns performing
(C)board and then took turns performing
(D)board and then took turns, they performed
(E)board and then took turns and performed


Source: Various. It will be specified on each question after the split.
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 07:36
1
Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, marathon times are calculated using a computer chip attached to each competitor's shoe.

(A)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, highlighted part is compared with time
(B)Besides elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, Wrong comparision too
(C)With the exception of elite runners, times for whom are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, BINGO :idea:
(D)Unless the runner is elite, in which case the time is calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, Highlighted part incorrectly modifies elite
(E)With the exception being elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, being is not correct and sentence is weird too
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New post 27 May 2013, 07:45
2
3)By the second week of the department store's "Going Out of Business" sale, there was only a little shirts and not much other clothing left on the racks.

(A)was only a little shirts and not much other clothing shirts are countable so little is wrong also singular was is wrong
(B)were only a few shirts and not many other clothing many other clothing sounds weird
(C)were only a few shirts and not much other clothing...I guess it is the right one
(D)was only a little shirt and other clothing
(E)were only a few shirts and other clothings
few shirts and few other clothings sounds weird
It is a guess.....correct me if anything is wrong :oops:
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 07:53
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4)While most graduate students find that their education has prepared them well for their future careers, some express concern over their education lacking real-world application, having, for example, been given homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios or having been assigned to group projects that do not adequately consider the skills of the individual participants.

(A)having, for example, been given homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios or having been Only because of parallelism
(B)having, for example, homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios or being passive
(C)as, for example, having too unrealistic a scenario in their homework, or being passive
(D)when they have, for example, been given unrealistic scenarios in their homework, or were past tense not required
(E)for example, when they have homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios, or been Tempting but not correct

These five questions are real toughies but attempting for the sake of Kudos....i severely need kudos....15 more to go :)
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 08:52
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5)Growing out of a need for affordable housing during the Great Depression, the first student housing cooperatives were structured as not-for-profit organizations, whose members made small payments toward their room and board, then taking turns performing household duties, such as meal preparation and property maintenance.

(A)board, then taking turns performing made and taking not parallel
(B)board, and then taking turns performing same as A
(C)board and then took turns performing BINGO they took turns to perform something
(D)board and then took turns, they performed Run-On sentence
(E)board and then took turns and performed Sounds as if took turn and worked at different times.


I hope i will receive kudos, though it may be wrong..... :oops:
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 09:19
Zarrolou wrote:
2)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, marathon times are calculated using a computer chip attached to each competitor's shoe.

(A)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
(B)Besides elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
(C)With the exception of elite runners, times for whom are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
(D)Unless the runner is elite, in which case the time is calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
(E)With the exception being elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,


Well for me A and B are contenders.... Now, the problem with A, i think, is the use of work UNLlKE....as it starts a comparison and the statement illogically compares runners to marathon times... so A is out...Now B is better with the use of word Besides...!
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 09:22
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Zarrolou wrote:
3)By the second week of the department store's "Going Out of Business" sale, there was only a little shirts and not much other clothing left on the racks.

(A)was only a little shirts and not much other clothing
(B)were only a few shirts and not many other clothing
(C)were only a few shirts and not much other clothing
(D)was only a little shirt and other clothing
(E)were only a few shirts and other clothings


IMO B and C are contenders.... and these test the rule of countable n uncountable nouns...i m not very sure abt my answer but i ll go with "C"
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 22:24
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2)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, marathon times are calculated using a computer chip attached to each competitor's shoe.
(A)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
- Non-underlined portion starts with MARATHON TIMES, so in order to make a proper comparison the underlined portion MUST start with some sort of TIME rather than RUNNERS. INCORRECT

(B)Besides elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
Same error as in A. Moreover use of BESIDES is incorrect because author wants to compare two different things rather than finding out the similarities. INCORRECT.

(C)With the exception of elite runners, times for whom are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
- Best among the rest. CORRECT

(D)Unless the runner is elite, in which case the time is calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
RUN ON. Moreover the sentence is unnecessarily lengthy. INCORRECT

(E)With the exception being elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
-INCORRECT

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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 22:43
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3)By the second week of the department store's "Going Out of Business" sale, there was only a little shirts and not much other clothing left on the racks.
(A)was only a little shirts and not much other clothing
- WAS is incorrect because the compound subject "Shirt & clothing" is used. SHIRT is a countable noun thus the use of LITTLE is unwarranted. INCORRECT

(B)were only a few shirts and not many other clothing
-CLOTHING is a Non-countable noun thus the use of MANY is unwarranted. INCORRECT

(C)were only a few shirts and not much other clothing- CORRECT

(D)was only a little shirt and other clothing
- WAS is incorrect because the compound subject "Shirt & clothing" is used. SHIRT is a countable noun thus the use of LITTLE is unwarranted. INCORRECT

(E)were only a few shirts and other clothings
-CLOTHING is a Non-countable noun thus the use of PLURAL is unwarranted. INCORRECT

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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2013, 23:07
1
5)Growing out of a need for affordable housing during the Great Depression, the first student housing cooperatives were structured as not-for-profit organizations, whose members made small payments toward their room and board, then taking turns performing household duties, such as meal preparation and property maintenance.
(A)board, then taking turns performing - RUN ON
(B)board, and then taking turns performing
(C)board and then took turns performing- CORRECT
(D)board and then took turns, they performed- RUN ON
(E)board and then took turns and performed- unnecessary long

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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2013, 00:05
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4)While most graduate students find that their education has prepared them well for their future careers, some express concern over their education lacking real-world application, having, for example, been given homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios or having been assigned to group projects that do not adequately consider the skills of the individual participants.
(A)having, for example, been given homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios or having been- this is best among the rest. - By far the best option. CORRECT

(B)having, for example, homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios or being
- HAVING Homework or BEING assigned does not make any sense. INCORRECT

(C)as, for example, having too unrealistic a scenario in their homework, or being - in this option AS is used to present example but such is incorrect as per GMAC

(D)when they have, for example, been given unrealistic scenarios in their homework, or were
- it's not Scenarios that were given but the Homework. Moreover WHEN can not be used to indicate METAPHORICAL time. INCORRECT

(E)for example, when they have homework that is unrepresentative of realistic scenarios, or been
- WHEN can not be used to indicate METAPHORICAL time. INCORRECT

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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2013, 05:17
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2)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, marathon times are calculated using a computer chip attached to each competitor's shoe.

(A)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
(B)Besides elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
in the both the above sentences elite runners are in a way compared to marathon times. So they do not match

(C)With the exception of elite runners, times for whom are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,

(D)Unless the runner is elite, in which case the time is calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,

(E)Withthe exception being elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, : this part is too wordy
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2013, 02:39
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1)The finance department took into account a broader set of expenses than those used by the marketing department when each group determined a return-on-investment ratio.

(A)department took into account a broader set of expenses than those used by the marketing department when each group determined a
those does not match with set as set is a singular entity
(B)department took into account a broader set of expenses than those used by the marketing department when each group determines a
those does not match with set as set is a singular entity
(C)department took into account a broader set of expenses than the marketing department when each group determined a different
Incorrect comparision of set of account with marketing group
(D)department took into account a broader set of expenses than that used by the marketing department when each group determined a
Correct
(E)department, taking into account a broader set of expenses than that used by the marketing department, so each group determined a
Awkward sentence, taking into account is not right
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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2013, 02:50
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2)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line, marathon times are calculated using a computer chip attached to each competitor's shoe.

(A)Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
elite runners are compared to marathon times, hence wrong
(B)Besides elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
"Besides" usage is wrong here
(C)With the exception of elite runners, times for whom are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
Incorrect comparision
(D)Unless the runner is elite, in which case the time is calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
Correct
(E)With the exception being elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's pistol to the finish line,
the dreaded being implies that the exception is elite runners

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Re: Unlike elite runners, whose times are calculated from the starter's   [#permalink] 29 May 2013, 02:50

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