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# Unlike the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20

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Senior Manager
Status: Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2018
Posts: 280
Unlike the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20  [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2019, 09:19
1
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (01:34) correct 51% (01:41) wrong based on 114 sessions

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Unlike the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20th century and so crucial to the development of modern consumer society, since the late 1980s business specialists Martin Kenney and Richard Florida have been advocating a turn toward flexible production lines.

A. Unlike the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20th century and

B. Although the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20th century was

C. Even with the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20th century being

D. Unlike the early 20th century, when Henry Ford pioneered the rigid assembly line that was

E. Unlike Henry Ford, pioneer of the rigid assembly line, which in the early 20th century was
Manager
Joined: 21 Jul 2018
Posts: 177
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship
Unlike the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20  [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2019, 10:52
2
Quote:
Unlike the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20th century and so crucial to the development of modern consumer society, since the late 1980s business specialists Martin Kenney and Richard Florida have been advocating a turn toward flexible production lines.

At first glance, this is likely testing: comparisons, grammatical construction, meaning. As it stands in the original version, the "rigid assembly line" is being compared to "late business specialists"...., which is an invalid comparison. We're also looking for an answer choice that aptly presents the contrast of the original sentence - an answer that claims that Ford's assembly line was crucial back then but Kenney & Florida are now advocating for something else.

A. Unlike the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20th century and

B. Although the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20th century was

This looks good. Because "although" replaces "unlike", this switch eliminates the original invalid comparison. The verb tense is also correct.

C. Even with the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20th century being

Not particularly comfortable with the "even with" usage here. "Even with" tends to be used in scenarios where whatever follows the "even with" is the exception to the general rule. In this sentence, "even with" isn't used appropriately. The proper idea might be something like: even with Ford's assembly line being the most crucial development of modern consumer society, it still did not match the needs of business specialists of the 1980s, who advocated for a turn toward more flexible product lines.

D. Unlike the early 20th century, when Henry Ford pioneered the rigid assembly line that was
We're comparing "early 20th century" to "business specialists" again! Also, just reading the sentence is nonsense.

E. Unlike Henry Ford, pioneer of the rigid assembly line, which in the early 20th century was
"Unlike" X, Y....not since. Also, "which" makes a clause inessential and the portion that follows the "which" is the crux of the sentence.

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"What you do in practice determines your level of success. I used to tell my players: You have to give 100% everyday. Whatever you don't give, you can't make it up tomorrow."
Unlike the rigid assembly line pioneered by Henry Ford in the early 20   [#permalink] 17 Mar 2019, 10:52
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