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Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,

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Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered.
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Skywalker18 on 16 Nov 2017, 03:19, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2008, 16:17
Wow ... this is a toughie. +1
I go for A.

B can be rejected straight away with the "lead" and C can be rejected because of awkward "In the times that were recent". D has incorrect present perfect - have sheltered.

So now we're left with A and E. Both use a present participle - A uses "sheltering" and E uses "leading" . I just feel that E's "leading" is more wrong than A's "sheltering". "leading" is incorrect since it changes the meaning and implies that they are still leading a nomadic life, whereas A clearly says they they "led" the nomadic life, and dont do so anymore.

prasannar wrote:
Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered.
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered.

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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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prasannar wrote:
Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in
igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada,
and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence,
sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic exis-
tence, sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic exis-
tence, have sheltered.
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people
were sheltered.


I go for A.
For D, if we take out the modifying clause, it means intuit people have sheltered in igloos until recently. I don't think that's the intended meaning.

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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2008, 02:21
One more for A, nothing wrong with the original statement maintaining the correct tense and clarity. All the other answer options are wordy and awkward.

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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2008, 11:23
I would also go for A but for little different reasons-
B-during recent times is wordy and awkward
C- In the times that are recent, wordy and awkward
D-Up until recently, wordy and awkward
E-Until recent times, wordy and awkward

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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2008, 18:08
D should be OA

until recently...have sheltered,

not until recently...led..
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2008, 21:04
OA is D
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2008, 22:18
terp06 wrote:
A


terp06 wrote:
OA is D


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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in
igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada,
and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.
A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence,
sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,
sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence,
have sheltered.
E. Until recent time, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people
were sheltered.

Last edited by Vyshak on 08 Jun 2017, 17:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2009, 01:08
A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering------ correct
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered.
E. Until recent time, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered.
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 20:03
OA is A

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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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I think the OA is D, as per the doc I have and as per the sentence.

Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada,
and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

Recently - shows that we need to refer a present tense based choice, which is D:
Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered.

Remove the middleman,
Up until recently, the Inuit people have sheltered in... and in...

Please check and confirm.
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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Hey All,

I got asked to take this one on by PM.

Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
ANSWER: The list starts after "sheltering". "In igloos" is parallel to "in structures".

B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering
PROBLEM: You can't say "during recent times." During has to be an isolated time frame (During the next five years, during the war, etc.). Also, it would set up present perfect tense, not the present tense.

C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered
PROBLEM: "In the times that are recent" is ridiculous, and the past tense wouldn't make sense (but little here does).

D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered
PROBLEM: The "up" is unnecessary. The present perfect tense starts in the past and continues into the present. But the use of "until recently" implies that this has stopped, so the present perfect doesn't work.

E. Until recent time, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered
PROBLEM: "Until recent time" is gibberish. "leading a nomadic existence" isn't modifying the Inuits anymore.

Hope that helps!

-t
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2010, 03:56
Thanks tommy!

After reading your post, I looked up "until" in some decent online dictionaries, and really can't find any sample sentences that uses present perfect tence with "until" .

Also, per cambridge online dictonary, "up until"="up to" and both are preposition, which I think can just be used in front of noun.

until & up until:
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/diction ... up-to_2__3
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/diction ... sh/until_1
http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/until

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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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Hey Kaja,

General grammar rules are not necessarily the rule on the GMAT, so be careful where you're looking.

Either way, however, I don't think you read my post correctly. "Until" CANNOT have the present perfect tense, as I say in answer choice D. That's because the word "until" implies that something has stopped ("I came here until..." implies I don't come here anymore), but the present perfect tense is used for something that CONTINUES in the present.

Also, I didn't say the "up" was wrong, only that it was unnecessary. Shorter is always better, when all else fails.

-t
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2010, 18:38
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey Kaja,

General grammar rules are not necessarily the rule on the GMAT, so be careful where you're looking.

Either way, however, I don't think you read my post correctly. "Until" CANNOT have the present perfect tense, as I say in answer choice D. That's because the word "until" implies that something has stopped ("I came here until..." implies I don't come here anymore), but the present perfect tense is used for something that CONTINUES in the present.

Also, I didn't say the "up" was wrong, only that it was unnecessary. Shorter is always better, when all else fails.

-t

yea~thank you tommy, got what you meant. You are eleborating on "why" ,which I totally agree. And I just checked "general grammar",hoping to find some consistency and deepen my understanding of this word.

Since you said it is not nessesary, i will pay attention to this. Thank you !

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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2017, 03:39
Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering - Correct
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering. - "Recent times" are in the past but "Lead" (≠ "led") is the present tense. That's nonsense with a past timeframe.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered. - wordy -"In the times that are recent"
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered. - "Up" is redundant, since "until" already carries this meaning. The sentence implies that the Inuit are no longer nomads. "recently", albeit not too long ago, is still a time in the past. So, you need the past tense. In that choice, you'd want "sheltered". Not "have sheltered"
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered. - changes the meaning -they led a nomadic existence should be the main sentence and they slept in certain types of housing should be modifier

Answer A
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,   [#permalink] 16 Nov 2017, 03:39
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