GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 15 Oct 2018, 03:41

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 05 Jan 2008
Posts: 652
Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 29 Jul 2018, 09:41
2
2
18
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (01:06) correct 27% (01:28) wrong based on 1153 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered

Originally posted by prasannar on 29 Apr 2008, 10:54.
Last edited by GMATNinja on 29 Jul 2018, 09:41, edited 2 times in total.
formatted
Most Helpful Community Reply
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 339
Location: San Francisco
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Sep 2010, 21:32
33
1
16
Hey All,

I got asked to take this one on by PM.

Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
ANSWER: The list starts after "sheltering". "In igloos" is parallel to "in structures".

B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering
PROBLEM: You can't say "during recent times." During has to be an isolated time frame (During the next five years, during the war, etc.). Also, it would set up present perfect tense, not the present tense.

C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered
PROBLEM: "In the times that are recent" is ridiculous, and the past tense wouldn't make sense (but little here does).

D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered
PROBLEM: The "up" is unnecessary. The present perfect tense starts in the past and continues into the present. But the use of "until recently" implies that this has stopped, so the present perfect doesn't work.

E. Until recent time, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered
PROBLEM: "Until recent time" is gibberish. "leading a nomadic existence" isn't modifying the Inuits anymore.

Hope that helps!

-t
_________________


Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

General Discussion
CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2870
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Apr 2008, 17:17
Wow ... this is a toughie. +1
I go for A.

B can be rejected straight away with the "lead" and C can be rejected because of awkward "In the times that were recent". D has incorrect present perfect - have sheltered.

So now we're left with A and E. Both use a present participle - A uses "sheltering" and E uses "leading" . I just feel that E's "leading" is more wrong than A's "sheltering". "leading" is incorrect since it changes the meaning and implies that they are still leading a nomadic life, whereas A clearly says they they "led" the nomadic life, and dont do so anymore.

prasannar wrote:
Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered.
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered.
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 10 Jun 2007
Posts: 1375
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Apr 2008, 18:51
2
prasannar wrote:
Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in
igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada,
and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence,
sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic exis-
tence, sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic exis-
tence, have sheltered.
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people
were sheltered.


I go for A.
For D, if we take out the modifying clause, it means intuit people have sheltered in igloos until recently. I don't think that's the intended meaning.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 16 Aug 2004
Posts: 301
Location: India
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2008, 03:21
One more for A, nothing wrong with the original statement maintaining the correct tense and clarity. All the other answer options are wordy and awkward.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 279
Location: Washington DC
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 May 2008, 12:23
1
I would also go for A but for little different reasons-
B-during recent times is wordy and awkward
C- In the times that are recent, wordy and awkward
D-Up until recently, wordy and awkward
E-Until recent times, wordy and awkward
SVP
SVP
avatar
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1715
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Premium Member
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 May 2008, 19:08
D should be OA

until recently...have sheltered,

not until recently...led..
_________________

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 27 May 2009
Posts: 35
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 08 Jun 2017, 18:56
2
6
Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in
igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada,
and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.
A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence,
sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,
sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence,
have sheltered.
E. Until recent time, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people
were sheltered.

Originally posted by ritjn2003 on 06 Jul 2009, 22:47.
Last edited by Vyshak on 08 Jun 2017, 18:56, edited 1 time in total.
Underlined
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jun 2009
Posts: 175
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2009, 02:08
A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering------ correct
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered.
E. Until recent time, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered.
_________________

"Always....Read between the lines"

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 25 Aug 2007
Posts: 799
WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT
WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jun 2010, 00:42
1
I think the OA is D, as per the doc I have and as per the sentence.

Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada,
and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

Recently - shows that we need to refer a present tense based choice, which is D:
Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered.

Remove the middleman,
Up until recently, the Inuit people have sheltered in... and in...

Please check and confirm.
_________________

Want to improve your CR: http://gmatclub.com/forum/cr-methods-an-approach-to-find-the-best-answers-93146.html
Tricky Quant problems: http://gmatclub.com/forum/50-tricky-questions-92834.html
Important Grammer Fundamentals: http://gmatclub.com/forum/key-fundamentals-of-grammer-our-crucial-learnings-on-sc-93659.html

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Aug 2010
Posts: 19
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Sep 2010, 04:56
Thanks tommy!

After reading your post, I looked up "until" in some decent online dictionaries, and really can't find any sample sentences that uses present perfect tence with "until" .

Also, per cambridge online dictonary, "up until"="up to" and both are preposition, which I think can just be used in front of noun.

until & up until:
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/diction ... up-to_2__3
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/diction ... sh/until_1
http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/until
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 339
Location: San Francisco
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Sep 2010, 16:57
2
3
Hey Kaja,

General grammar rules are not necessarily the rule on the GMAT, so be careful where you're looking.

Either way, however, I don't think you read my post correctly. "Until" CANNOT have the present perfect tense, as I say in answer choice D. That's because the word "until" implies that something has stopped ("I came here until..." implies I don't come here anymore), but the present perfect tense is used for something that CONTINUES in the present.

Also, I didn't say the "up" was wrong, only that it was unnecessary. Shorter is always better, when all else fails.

-t
_________________


Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Aug 2010
Posts: 19
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Sep 2010, 19:38
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey Kaja,

General grammar rules are not necessarily the rule on the GMAT, so be careful where you're looking.

Either way, however, I don't think you read my post correctly. "Until" CANNOT have the present perfect tense, as I say in answer choice D. That's because the word "until" implies that something has stopped ("I came here until..." implies I don't come here anymore), but the present perfect tense is used for something that CONTINUES in the present.

Also, I didn't say the "up" was wrong, only that it was unnecessary. Shorter is always better, when all else fails.

-t

yea~thank you tommy, got what you meant. You are eleborating on "why" ,which I totally agree. And I just checked "general grammar",hoping to find some consistency and deepen my understanding of this word.

Since you said it is not nessesary, i will pay attention to this. Thank you !
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2091
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Nov 2017, 04:39
1
Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering - Correct
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering. - "Recent times" are in the past but "Lead" (≠ "led") is the present tense. That's nonsense with a past timeframe.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered. - wordy -"In the times that are recent"
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered. - "Up" is redundant, since "until" already carries this meaning. The sentence implies that the Inuit are no longer nomads. "recently", albeit not too long ago, is still a time in the past. So, you need the past tense. In that choice, you'd want "sheltered". Not "have sheltered"
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered. - changes the meaning -they led a nomadic existence should be the main sentence and they slept in certain types of housing should be modifier

Answer A
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 10 Jan 2013
Posts: 111
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: 600 Q43 V30
GPA: 3.95
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jul 2018, 04:32
1
daagh GMATNinja egmat
TommyWallach

I was confused between A and C and chose the wrong one..

why is D wrong?
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2110
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jul 2018, 09:42
saurabh9gupta wrote:
daagh GMATNinja egmat
TommyWallach

I was confused between A and C and chose the wrong one..

why is D wrong?

There's an explanation of each answer choice here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/until-recent ... ml#p778762. Let us know if that doesn't clear up your doubts?
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 427
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2018, 05:02
the main point here is preposition of time. some preposition of time will decide the tense of the verb. until recently should be used with past simple.

the question offers present perfect to trick us.

the choice between simple past and present perfect is the main thing here. recently trick us, making us like present perfect. but in fact , until recently needs past simple
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 427
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2018, 07:21
there are only two ways of using have done

first. it is used to show an action begining in the past and continues until present. only preposition of time "since" is used in this case. there is no ending point. "until recently" is an ending point so, it can not be used with "have done".

since last year, I have learned gmat.

second. it is used to show an action which finished in the past. in this case, no point of time in the past is used. if a point of time in the past is shown, simple past is used
compare
I learned gmat yesterday
I have learned gmat.

in short, until recently must go with a past simple.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 427
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2018, 21:14
the good explanation of present perfect is here. this is good for this question.
https://www.perfect-english-grammar.com ... t-use.html

be patient to read it. it is helpful
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, &nbs [#permalink] 07 Aug 2018, 21:14
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence,

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.