It is currently 17 Oct 2017, 22:50

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Usage of "that"

Author Message
Manager
Joined: 26 May 2014
Posts: 105

Kudos [?]: 84 [0], given: 21

Schools: YLP '18

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2014, 12:20
Hi

I have a question.

When do we use "that" and when can we avoid using "that" in a sentence?

eg. Of all the corporate "green" policies, this is the one I find most disingenuous.

Why did we avoid using "that" here?

Thanks

Kudos [?]: 84 [0], given: 21

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2311

Kudos [?]: 9027 [1], given: 335

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2014, 13:27
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi there,

Before we get to the point of when to use and when to omit "that" is a sentence, first let's discuss HOW "that" is used in a sentence.

"That" is used in two roles in a sentence:
a. as a connector or to be more "grammatical" as a subordinating conjunction -> They connect a Dependent Clause (DC) to an Independent Clause (IC).
b. as a relative pronoun modifier that gives additional information about the preceding noun entity in a form of a clause. The thing to note here is that they either may be the Subject of the DC they start or may start a DC.

Let's now take the example of each type:

1. We all know that the Sun rises in the east. -> In this sentence, "that" acts as a connector and joins the IC (We all know) with the DC. |

2. I bought the umbrella that was blue in color. -> Here "that" is Relative Pronoun Modifier as it provides more information about"the umbrella", the preceding Noun Entity. Here, "that" acts as the Subject of the Dc that it starts.

3. The pizza that my brother yesterday was extremely delicious. -> Here again, "that" is Relative Pronoun Modifier as it provides more information about"The pizza", the preceding Noun Entity. Here, "that" DOES NOT act as the Subject of the DC that it starts.

Now "that" can be omitted from a sentence when it DOES NOT act as the Subject of the DC that is starts. This omission most certainly includes the usage of "that" as a connector because in this role, "that" NEVER acts as the Subject of the DC. This omission also includes the usage of "that" as a Relative Pronoun Modifier when it DOES NOT act as the Subject of the DC it starts.

So sentences 1 & 3. can actually be rewritten as:

1. We all know the Sun rises in the east.

3. The pizza my brother yesterday was extremely delicious.

However, we CANNOT omit "that" from sentence 2. because there "that" works as the Subject.

Now let's come to the sentence that you have cited: Of all the corporate "green" policies, this is the one (that) I find most disingenuous.

So here "that" is omitted after "one". Here it acts as a Relative Pronoun Modifier because it provides more information about the preceding noun "the one" that stands for one of the green policies. Now "that" can be omitted here because it DOES NOT act as the DC that it starts. The Subject of that DC is "I".

For more on this topic and analyses of some official examples, please read the following article:
learn-how-that-can-help-you-demystify-a-long-sentence-138358.html

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 9027 [1], given: 335

Re: Usage of "that"   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2014, 13:27
Display posts from previous: Sort by