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Use of None/No (Sentence-Verb agreement)

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Use of None/No (Sentence-Verb agreement)  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2015, 21:53
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None can take either a singular or plural verb, depending on the noun which follows it.

Rule 1:
None+ of the + non-count noun + singular verb
example: None of the counterfeit money has been found.

Rule 2:
None + of the + plural count noun + plural verb
Example: None of the students have finished the exam yet.



No can take either a singular or plural verb, depending on the noun which follows it.

Rule 1:
No+ ( non-count noun/singular noun) + singular verb
Example: No example is relevant to this case.

Rule 2:
No + plural noun + plural verb
Example: No examples are relevant to this case.

Source: Cliffs TOEFL
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Re: Use of None/No (Sentence-Verb agreement)  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2015, 13:49
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Dear nahid78,
Yes, quite right. :-) This is a special case of the more general topic of indefinite pronouns and SVA. See the following blog that gives a detailed discussion.
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-sente ... agreement/

Mike :-)
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Re: Use of None/No (Sentence-Verb agreement)  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2015, 02:14
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nahid78 wrote:
Rule 2:
None + of the + plural count noun + plural verb
Example: None of the students have finished the exam yet.

This is slightly debatable. #27, OG13:

None of the attempts to specify the causes of crime explains why most of the people exposed to the alleged causes do not commit crimes and, conversely, why so many of those not so exposed have.
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Re: Use of None/No (Sentence-Verb agreement)  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2015, 15:48
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EducationAisle wrote:
nahid78 wrote:
Rule 2:
None + of the + plural count noun + plural verb
Example: None of the students have finished the exam yet.

This is slightly debatable. #27, OG13:

None of the attempts to specify the causes of crime explains why most of the people exposed to the alleged causes do not commit crimes and, conversely, why so many of those not so exposed have.

Yes, that's quite true! Excellent observation!

The word "none" etymologically derives from "no one." Because "no one" is singular, sometimes "none" is construed to be singular. In practice, the use is subtle. If we are indicating something about a group of people, say several students taking a test, then statement "none of the students ____ finished the exam yet" is essentially a group statement. All of the students are involved in the group action of taking the test, and the entire group is in an unfinished state. Thus, in this context, "none" is construed as plural, and take the plural verb.
"None of the students have finished the exam yet."

By contrast, in the OG statement, we are using "none" more in its etymological sense of "no one" or "not one." There is no "cooperation" or "group action" among the various attempts. Each attempt to explain is an unique endeavor. Thus, the statement is not a statement primarily about the "group" of these attempts. Instead, we are saying that no single attempt was able to explain something. With this in mind, the singular reading is chosen, with the singular verb.
"None of the attempts to specify the causes of crime explains why . . . "

As always, logic is more important that grammar. Logic always trumps grammar. Thus, the attempt here to formulate a simple one-size-fits-all grammar rule founders on the shoals of logic.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Use of None/No (Sentence-Verb agreement)  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2020, 09:09
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Re: Use of None/No (Sentence-Verb agreement)   [#permalink] 30 May 2020, 09:09

Use of None/No (Sentence-Verb agreement)

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