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Most people who run for an elected office do so because they want to be of service to the public. If, however, an official publishes a book revealing information that had not previously been made public and profits from the publication, that person’s political career has inarguably come to an end because he or she will never again be trusted by other members of the government.

The conclusion that a public official who publishes a book has ended his or her political career rests on which of the following assumptions?


A. Most government officials seek office in order to serve the public.
B. Public officials must often keep information secret.
C. Trust is essential for a successful career as a public official.
D. Members of the government frequently do not trust authors of books.
E. Public officials will seek to profit from their access to privileged information if given the opportunity.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:54
Official Solution:


Most people who run for an elected office do so because they want to be of service to the public. If, however, an official publishes a book revealing information that had not previously been made public and profits from the publication, that person’s political career has inarguably come to an end because he or she will never again be trusted by other members of the government.

The conclusion that a public official who publishes a book has ended his or her political career rests on which of the following assumptions?


A. Most government officials seek office in order to serve the public.
B. Public officials must often keep information secret.
C. Trust is essential for a successful career as a public official.
D. Members of the government frequently do not trust authors of books.
E. Public officials will seek to profit from their access to privileged information if given the opportunity.


Situation: The author argues that public officials who publish books containing information not previously made public end their careers because other members of the government will no longer trust them.

Reasoning: Which identifies the assumption necessary to the author’s conclusion? The first sentence introduces the idea of running for elected office as a way of serving the public. A contrast to this idea appears in the second sentence, which states that public officials sometimes publish books for their own profit. This publishing for profit undermines confidence and trust, since colleagues expect the official’s first priority to be serving the public. Without this trust, the passage argues, the official is unlikely to further progress in his or her career.
  1. This is stated directly in the passage and can not be the underlying assumption.
  2. Though this option is tempting, information...not previously made public is not necessarily secret.
  3. According to the passage, a public official’s career ends when actions taken for personal profit undermine the trust placed in them by their colleagues.
  4. This claim is not made in the passage.
  5. Though the author discusses possible consequences when this does occur, the passage does not make the claim about most public officials.

Answer: C
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New post 15 Apr 2016, 13:20
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. I would like to question the preference of option C over B, IMO both hold similar validity as an answer to this question.

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New post 13 Jul 2016, 08:02
mikeonbike wrote:
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. I would like to question the preference of option C over B, IMO both hold similar validity as an answer to this question.



Same doubt here. Can somone please clarify?
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aniketm.87@gmail.com wrote:
mikeonbike wrote:
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. I would like to question the preference of option C over B, IMO both hold similar validity as an answer to this question.



Same doubt here. Can somone please clarify?


The reasoning chain in this argument is as follows:

Premise (P): Trust is lost.
Conclusion (C): Political career comes to end.

P-----------> C

The assumtion is therefore: Trust is essential for a political career. Using negation technique to check validity of assumption, if trust is NOT an essential factor for political career, then losing trust does not necessarily mean end of political career - the argument breaks down negating option C. Option C is therefore an assumption.

Now, coming to option B, whether the offficlas MUST or MUST not keep information secret is not a part of this argument chain. The passage implies that publishing a book for own profit leads to loss of trust, but if the revelation of secret is not with the intention of personal profit, then it is not necessary that trust would be lost by revealing secret and hence not necessary that career would come to end.

Moreover the word "MUST" implies a mandate. It is not a necessary assumption that there is a mandatory requirement that official keep information secret.

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New post 13 Jul 2016, 19:14
sayantanc2k wrote:
aniketm.87@gmail.com wrote:
mikeonbike wrote:
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. I would like to question the preference of option C over B, IMO both hold similar validity as an answer to this question.



Same doubt here. Can somone please clarify?


The reasoning chain in this argument is as follows:

Premise (P): Trust is lost.
Conclusion (C): Political career comes to end.

P-----------> C

The assumtion is therefore: Trust is essential for a political career. Using negation technique to check validity of assumption, if trust is NOT an essential factor for political career, then losing trust does not necessarily mean end of political career - the argument breaks down negating option C. Option C is therefore an assumption.

Now, coming to option B, whether the offficlas MUST or MUST not keep information secret is not a part of this argument chain. The passage implies that publishing a book for own profit leads to loss of trust, but if the revelation of secret is not with the intention of personal profit, then it is not necessary that trust would be lost by revelaing secret and hence not necessary that career would come to end.

Moreover the word "MUST" implies a mandate. It is not a necessary assumption that there is a mandatory requirement that official keep information secret.

Construing "must" in this case as some kind of mandate or government order is a pretty big stretch. B also hedges this absolute word with often; these guys must often do this or that. I picked B over C unfortunately. C says trust is necessary for successful politicians, but the prompt logic says trust is necessary to remain a politician. Successfulness seems out of scope. I guess since you need trust to be a politician at all, it would follow trust is necessary for politicans at any level of success. B states that public officials must often keep info secret. I messed up by incorrectly negating this- public officials must not keep info secret, which would break the argument in my opinion, but I forgot to account for the often. The negation of B would be officials sometimes keep info secret.

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New post 04 Aug 2016, 10:47
Quote:
Moreover the word "MUST" implies a mandate. It is not a necessary assumption that there is a mandatory requirement that official keep information secret.


I narrowed down to B and C and the word "MUST" was actually fundamental to eliminate the wrong answer (TONE is always important)

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New post 16 Mar 2017, 01:23
Hi,
Option C mentions trust is essential for a successful career as a politician. However the success of the career is not relevant to the discussion of whether he has ended his career or not. I believe the words 'successful carrier' thus impede the value attributed to "Trust" in option C.

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 17:12
I think this is a poor-quality question. Isn't this an assumption question??

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Re V01-14   [#permalink] 25 Sep 2017, 17:12
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