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V04-09

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:01
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Question Stats:

47% (01:16) correct 53% (01:38) wrong based on 98 sessions

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According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements, who give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

A. models do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements, who give an impression
B. models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
C. models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
D. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
E. in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:01
Official Solution:

According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements, who give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

A. models do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements, who give an impression
B. models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
C. models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
D. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
E. in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

This sentence requires attention to the placement and meaning of the word adequately. In the sentence, what is adequate is the ability of the models to give an impression of high social standing. Several incorrect answer choices misplace adequately in a way that refers to the models’ smiles.
  1. This option wrongly implies that no model smiles adequately in advertisements. The relative pronoun wrongly refers to advertisements.
  2. Adequately is misplaced, making the sentence awkward.
  3. The word adequately is correctly placed and clearly refers to the ability of the models to give the desired impression of status.
  4. The phrase it is the models is wordy, as is the phrase in magazine advertisements when set off by commas.
  5. In magazine advertisements is misplaced and awkward.

Answer: C
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Re: V04-09  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2014, 09:00
Adequately is an adjective so it can modify preceding noun as well which in this case is "advertisement".

To give clear meaning I think "who do not smile in magazine advertisements" should be preceded and followed by comma.

Please let me know if I am wrong.

Bunuel wrote:
Official Solution:

According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

A. models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
B. models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
C. models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
D. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
E. in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

This sentence requires attention to the placement and meaning of the word adequately. In the sentence, what is adequate is the ability of the models to give an impression of high social standing. The original sentence and several incorrect answer choices misplace adequately in a way that refers to the models’ smiles.
  1. The position of adequately in this option makes it sound as if the word incorrectly modifies the way the models smile.
  2. Adequately is misplaced, making the sentence awkward.
  3. The word adequately is correctly placed and clearly refers to the ability of the models to give the desired impression of status.
  4. The phrase it is the models is wordy, as is the phrase in magazine advertisements when set off by commas.
  5. In magazine advertisements is misplaced and awkward.

Answer: C
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New post 08 Nov 2015, 08:36
I think this the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. How would we know if "adequately" should modify "give an impression" rather than "smile". The meaning of the original sentence is same.
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New post 26 Dec 2015, 12:16
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daagh , could you please explain why "adequately" cannot modify "smile" here and why choice A is wrong?
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New post 05 Jan 2016, 03:59
I agree with the posters. I´ve also chosen A. And usually the "rule" is that the first sentence gives the intended meaning, so adequately should refer to smile....?
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New post 31 Jan 2016, 23:44
I too agree with A.
both sentences A and C are grammatically correct and make logical sense. So for meaning we go with original sentence A.
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Re: V04-09  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2016, 15:58
I agree with "A" as well. Adequately can modify the smile or the impression. Since the original phrase should show the meaning of the passage I would still answer "A" after reading the explanations, so please enlighten us a little bit more on this question.
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New post 09 Apr 2016, 13:56
I chose A as well, but realize my error:

"Models who do not smile adequately".. means that they didn't smile enough to give an impression of high social standing, which is opposite meaning to the opening clause linking high social standing to a stern face.
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New post 27 Jun 2016, 01:32
82vkgmat wrote:
I too agree with A.
both sentences A and C are grammatically correct and make logical sense. So for meaning we go with original sentence A.


I agree as well. A it should be.
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New post 29 Jun 2016, 10:56
manlog wrote:
82vkgmat wrote:
I too agree with A.
both sentences A and C are grammatically correct and make logical sense. So for meaning we go with original sentence A.


I agree as well. A it should be.


Question updated. Thank you.
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Re: V04-09  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2016, 02:09
sayantanc2k wrote:
manlog wrote:
82vkgmat wrote:
I too agree with A.
both sentences A and C are grammatically correct and make logical sense. So for meaning we go with original sentence A.


I agree as well. A it should be.


Question updated. Thank you.


Understand that question has been updated and option choice C is correct.
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New post 14 Mar 2018, 08:56
I don't think this is a good question. It is too unclear if "adequately" is supposed to refer to the smile or the impression given. Normally you want to keep the original meaning

Answer C is not well written, either. " adequately give an impression" is a poor turn of phrase and it would normally be written "give an adequate impression".
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New post 20 Jul 2018, 03:56
Actually The question is fine. If you read the later part (non underlined part ) you will notice there a contrast is mentioned. The contrast states that these models adequately put an expression which is a resemblance to the people at issue,even though they may not represent that class. The word adequately is required to put an emphasis on contrast.
Does adequatley modify smile? In general sense it can modify as adequately is an adverb and hence can modify "smile", but in this context it does not serve the purpose. in SC each and every word has it's role and that role is important somehow in the overall context. If we place adequately next to smile it does not play a definitive role. I mean look at the meaning of the sentence. The models dont adequately smile ? Even if they didnt we still dont know if they are supposed to smile adequately because nowhere are we provided that an adequate smile is representative of the class at issue. LOOK AT THE CONTEXT and meaning.
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New post 27 Feb 2019, 07:26
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Could some one explain what is the sentence structure with Option E and whether such structure is generally acceptable (as in in this specific instance it is wrong).
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Re: V04-09  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2019, 08:21
In the option C, shouldn't "adequately" be placed after smile? generis please help here.
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New post 20 Jul 2019, 20:26
Quote:
(C)According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

ArupRS wrote:
In the option C, shouldn't "adequately" be placed after smile? generis please help here.

ArupRS , how to explain the answer to this question has been bothering me for two days. :lol: How to explain just hit me.

The answer to your question is no. The problem is that adequately can modify smile or give.
We are inclined to want it to modify the smile because (1) the sentence mentions a stern impression, and (2) a negative precedes the verb: "do not smile."

Adequately should not modify smile.
Adequately should modify give an impression [of status and exclusivity].
Because "adequately" can modify smile, its placement in (C) seems strange.
Your instincts are correct about where adequately would be placed if adequately were to modify "smile."
(Adverbs of this sort typically take the order PROCESS PLACE TIME. If "adequately" were to describe the process of "smile," then adequately would come before "in magazines.")

To expose what this infernal word "adequately" is doing so that we can select the right option, let me take the logic of this sentence to the extreme.
I think you will be able to see what is happening.

Option C in the sentence is quoted above.

Stern expression = high social standing

So models should not smile AT ALL.


Rewrite #1:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression,
when models do not smile (AT ALL) in magazine advertisements, then they do an adequate job of conveying the impression that they possess status and exclusivity, even if the models themselves are not wealthy or influential.

In that sentence, I wrote out the meaning of adequately as it refers to give an impression by using the phrase "do an adequate job."

One more. I changed adequately to forcefully. (The models are trying to convey, forcefully, an impression that they possess status and exclusivity.)

Rewrite #2: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression,
models who do not smile [at all] in magazine advertisements forcefully give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

Put adequately in the place of forcefully. I will leave the parenthetical in "do not smile [at all]."

Now the placement of adequately in option C should make more sense:

(C) According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression,
models who do not smile [at all] in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

Does that help?
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V04-09   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2019, 20:26
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