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V08-15

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V08-15 [#permalink]

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Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expansion of democracy and political freedom, and de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and ousting corruption.

A. Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expansion of democracy and political freedom, and de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and ousting corruption.
B. Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expansion of democracy and political freedom, de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and ouster of corruption.
C. Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expansion of democracy and political freedom, and de-escalating interethnic conflicts and on ousting corruption.
D. Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, on expansion of democracy and political freedom, and de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and on ousting of corruption.
E. Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expanding democracy and political freedom, and on de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and ousting corruption.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 09:06
Official Solution:

Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expansion of democracy and political freedom, and de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and ousting corruption.

A. Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expansion of democracy and political freedom, and de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and ousting corruption.
B. Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expansion of democracy and political freedom, de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and ouster of corruption.
C. Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expansion of democracy and political freedom, and de-escalating interethnic conflicts and on ousting corruption.
D. Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, on expansion of democracy and political freedom, and de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and on ousting of corruption.
E. Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expanding democracy and political freedom, and on de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and ousting corruption.


A: ousting corruption; the gerund form ‘ousting’ and the ‘and’ after freedom are unparallel forms

B. Correct list parallelism

C. The ‘and’ after freedom is unparallel

D. The same error as in C; missing out ‘on’ for the noun de-escalation’ is prepositional unparallellism

E. The same error as in C


Answer: B
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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2015, 09:39
don't you think ouster is confusing/ awkward in choice 'B'.

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New post 08 Oct 2015, 19:51
I agree with Jimmy. "Ouster" doesn't sound right - I preferred B as an answer but thought ouster was wrong.
"Presently the East African country is focussed on...ouster of corruption". Shouldn't it be "ousting corruption"?

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2015, 06:57
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. Parallelism is the issue here.
The OE says A is not parallel but B is.
My question: how many items are listed?
If B is correct we have a list of 4 items: privatization, expansion, de-escalation, and ouster. But in that case we should have a comma after 'conflicts' in order to make clear that we have >2 items listed, isn't it?
A says there are 3 items: all properly punctuated and 'de-escalation' of 2 items: 'interethnic conflicts' and 'ousting corruption' - 2 items, no need to have comma before the last 'and'. Perfect. (A can have meaning issues, which is tough for me to decide :)).
That's it.
Thanks.

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2015, 09:20
binit wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. Parallelism is the issue here.
The OE says A is not parallel but B is.
My question: how many items are listed?
If B is correct we have a list of 4 items: privatization, expansion, de-escalation, and ouster. But in that case we should have a comma after 'conflicts' in order to make clear that we have >2 items listed, isn't it?
A says there are 3 items: all properly punctuated and 'de-escalation' of 2 items: 'interethnic conflicts' and 'ousting corruption' - 2 items, no need to have comma before the last 'and'. Perfect. (A can have meaning issues, which is tough for me to decide :)).
That's it.
Thanks.


What you are referring to is called an Oxford comma in lists such as A, B, C, and D.

While it is great practice to not have appositive confusion, it is not a rule so to speak.

Also, remember that punctuations are not tested on the GMAT.
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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2015, 05:26
I think this is a very good question. "Ouster" is a noun, letter b makes the whole thing parallel: "East African country is focused on .... expansion [noun] .... de-escalation [noun] ... and ouster [noun] ....".

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2015, 15:16
Even though GMAT doesn't specifically test - comma usage however in this question "comma + and" along with the parallelism is the what the question is testing.

This is definitely a poor quality question in terms of GMAT Standards.

If the comma had been there, the question would have been apt - Just saying.

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2015, 05:41
binit wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. Parallelism is the issue here.
The OE says A is not parallel but B is.
My question: how many items are listed?
If B is correct we have a list of 4 items: privatization, expansion, de-escalation, and ouster. But in that case we should have a comma after 'conflicts' in order to make clear that we have >2 items listed, isn't it?
A says there are 3 items: all properly punctuated and 'de-escalation' of 2 items: 'interethnic conflicts' and 'ousting corruption' - 2 items, no need to have comma before the last 'and'. Perfect. (A can have meaning issues, which is tough for me to decide :)).
That's it.
Thanks.


in my opinion B is the correct choice.
Option A is incorrect , because as per A there are three items in the list privatization , expansion and Descalation .
The last item descalation has two lists - descalation of conflicts ( makes sense ) and descalation of ousting corruption .( Does it make sense , Absolutely NO )
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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2015, 16:13
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. There is a typo where is says why E is wrong, it says for the same reason as E

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2015, 05:04
I think this is a poor-quality question. all the options are incorrect as in a list with 3 or more items, ", and" should preceed the last item on the list
this is not the case in option B

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2015, 23:31
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. As per the explanation, answer E is wrong because it has same error as E.
Please elaborate!

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New post 15 Feb 2016, 05:07
Hi chetan2u,

Can you please suggest what going on here. Its really very confusing. I 100% agree with "b9n920" post that

If B is correct we have a list of 4 items: privatization, expansion, de-escalation, and ouster. But in that case we should have a comma after 'conflicts'

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2016, 18:40
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. I think the word "Ouster" is incorrect in this answer choice. Answer: Presently the East African country is focused on privatization of state-owned enterprises, expansion of democracy and political freedom, de-escalation of interethnic conflicts and ouster of corruption. ... is focused on ... ouster of corruption is not correct.

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2016, 11:17
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. please explain that why in B 'comma' is not place after conflicts

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V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2016, 10:32
Saurav Arora wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. please explain that why in B 'comma' is not place after conflicts


The comma before "and" is not mandatory and is just a matter of preference. Although in GMAT we have mostly observed that a comma is placed before "and", it is not gramatically incorrect not to use the comma.

Correct: a, b, c and d
Correct: a, b, c, and d

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2016, 10:36
RedDevil007 wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. As per the explanation, answer E is wrong because it has same error as E.
Please elaborate!


The typographical error has been corrected. Thank you.

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Re V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2016, 02:05
I don't agree with the explanation. Shouldn't there be a comma before the very last "and"?!

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2016, 07:45
14razy wrote:
I don't agree with the explanation. Shouldn't there be a comma before the very last "and"?!


You query has been addressed in this post:

v08-202918.html#p1703320

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Re: V08-15 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2016, 20:59
Ok, thank you. I believe what you mean is adding a comma before the very last item is a way gmat prefers, not necessarily the only way.

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Re: V08-15   [#permalink] 05 Dec 2016, 20:59

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