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V11-06

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V11-06  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2015, 09:23
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

71% (01:28) correct 29% (01:36) wrong based on 42 sessions

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Widely known to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are commandments those the Bible describes as having been given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

A. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are commandments those the Bible describes as having been
B. as the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, is a set of commandments those the Bible describes as being
C. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue had been mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, and it described them as being
D. as the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, is a set of commandments that the Bible describes as having been
E. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are those that the Bible describes as having been

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Re V11-06  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2015, 09:23
Official Solution:

Widely known to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are commandments those the Bible describes as having been given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

A. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are commandments those the Bible describes as having been
B. as the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, is a set of commandments those the Bible describes as being
C. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue had been mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, and it described them as being
D. as the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, is a set of commandments that the Bible describes as having been
E. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are those that the Bible describes as having been


A. The idiom known to be is inappropriate. For naming, known as is correct usage. Decalogue is a set of commandments and is thus singular; the verb are does not match with the singular subject the Decalogue.

B. The participle being given is wrongly used to refer to an action that happened in the past; having been given is better.

C. The idiom known to be is inappropriate. The use of the verb had been in incorrect. The sentence implies that the action mentioned happened before the action described. The participle being is incorrect.

D. Correct. Fixes the problems above: the idiom known as is correctly used. The verb is correctly refers to the singular subject Decalogue. The participle having been is correctly used.

E. The idiom known to be is inappropriate. The verb are does not match with the singular subject the Decalogue.


Answer: D
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Re: V11-06  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2018, 19:17
Why "having been given" is correct in option D?
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Re: V11-06  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2018, 02:50
sayantanc2k souvik101990

IMO every option is incorrect here.
Can you please check here.
A and E - The Decalogue is a set, So we need Singular Verb - OUT
B and C - Being is used for temporary conditions - OUT

But in D - The latter part after commandments has a THAT, Which refers to commandments and thus the verb should be Plural.

Please can you confirm if i am right.
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Re: V11-06  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2018, 18:48
GMATNinja,

Seems this questions is not discussed more. I have question around option B and D around which I was hovering. First of all could you please help with usage of 'being' in general and over here ? Is 'being' is used only for present action and which form of verb and tense it represents ? And then second question is around option B in which use of 'those' sounds more appropriate than 'that' in option D. But Am I correct in understanding that GMAT does not prefer 'those' in general in OA ?

Thanks - Navinash.
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Re: V11-06  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2019, 14:08
NAvinash wrote:
GMATNinja,

Seems this questions is not discussed more. I have question around option B and D around which I was hovering. First of all could you please help with usage of 'being' in general and over here ? Is 'being' is used only for present action and which form of verb and tense it represents ? And then second question is around option B in which use of 'those' sounds more appropriate than 'that' in option D. But Am I correct in understanding that GMAT does not prefer 'those' in general in OA ?

Thanks - Navinash.


I stucked with the same point: when the noun is plural, is "those" preferred to "that"?
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V11-06  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2019, 09:11
souvik101990 wrote:
Widely known to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are commandments those the Bible describes as having been given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

A. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are commandments those the Bible describes as having been
B. as the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, is a set of commandments those the Bible describes as being
C. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue had been mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, and it described them as being
D. as the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, is a set of commandments that the Bible describes as having been
E. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are those that the Bible describes as having been
NAvinash, faltan Let's Deep-dive!
Original sentence:
    Widely known to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are commandments those the Bible describes as having been given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

Meaning:
Subject-Verb
    The Decalogue, worldly known as the Ten Commandments,
      is mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21
        AND
      is a set of commandments
        that the Bible describes as - Something.
          Something: having been given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

Sentence-Structure:
    Modifier + Independent Clause + that + Dependent Clause.
      - The term 'That' is pointing neither to a set of commandments nor to the commandments.
    Subject-Verb
      Example: I am going to visit a set of B-schools that I adore.

To understand the meaning of the entire sentence, read the non-underlined part SLOWLY.
    The commandments ( plural ) were NEVER given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai. - commandments were never part of the crux of the sentence.
    Infact, Decalogue, which is a set of commandments, was given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

Let's solve:
    1st check -
      IDIOM: Something is known as NOT known to be
    2nd check -
      The Decalogue is a set, So we need Singular Verb.
    In between B & D:
      The usage of being is convoluted.
      'Those' breaks the sentence-structure and does NOT show the sentence with alacrity and succinctness

D is the champion!
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Re: V11-06  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2019, 10:51
Xylan wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Widely known to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are commandments those the Bible describes as having been given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

A. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are commandments those the Bible describes as having been
B. as the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, is a set of commandments those the Bible describes as being
C. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue had been mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, and it described them as being
D. as the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, is a set of commandments that the Bible describes as having been
E. to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are those that the Bible describes as having been
NAvinash, faltan Let's Deep-dive!
Original sentence:
    Widely known to be the Ten Commandments, the Decalogue, mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21, are commandments those the Bible describes as having been given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

Meaning:
Subject-Verb
    The Decalogue, worldly known as the Ten Commandments,
      is mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible, first at Exodus 20:1–17, and then at Deuteronomy 5:4–21
        AND
      is a set of commandments
        that the Bible describes as - Something.
          Something: having been given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

Sentence-Structure:
    Modifier + Independent Clause + that + Dependent Clause.
      - The term 'That' is pointing neither to a set of commandments nor to the commandments.
    Subject-Verb
      Example: I am going to visit a set of B-schools that I adore.

To understand the meaning of the entire sentence, read the non-underlined part SLOWLY.
    The commandments ( plural ) were NEVER given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai. - commandments were never part of the crux of the sentence.
    Infact, Decalogue, which is a set of commandments, was given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.

Let's solve:
    1st check -
      IDIOM: Something is known as NOT known to be
    2nd check -
      The Decalogue is a set, So we need Singular Verb.
    In between B & D:
      The usage of being is convoluted.
      'Those' breaks the sentence-structure and does NOT show the sentence with alacrity and succinctness

D is the champion!


Are there any cases where "known to be" and "known as" are interchangeable???....

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Re: V11-06   [#permalink] 21 Apr 2019, 10:51
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