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# V11-42

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11 Feb 2016, 05:15
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

40% (01:10) correct 60% (01:22) wrong based on 102 sessions

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The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5.

A. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5.
B. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect sound waves, ranging from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls, which have frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.
C. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate by sending and detecting sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5, which range from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls.
D. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting bisonar pulses, clicks and other calls and using sound waves with frequencies mainly from 61.0 to 61.5.
E. The auditory systems of bats have special structure that enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting sound waves, bisonar pulses, clicks to other calls, with frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.

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11 Feb 2016, 05:16
Official Solution:

The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5.

A. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5.
B. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect sound waves, ranging from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls, which have frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.
C. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate by sending and detecting sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5, which range from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls.
D. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting bisonar pulses, clicks and other calls and using sound waves with frequencies mainly from 61.0 to 61.5.
E. The auditory systems of bats have special structure that enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting sound waves, bisonar pulses, clicks to other calls, with frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.

(A) The singular subject structure does not agree with plural verb enable. "Between X to Y" is wrong; the correct usage is "between X and Y".

(B) Correct. The verb enables agrees with its subject structure. The word echolocate is properly explained introducing an absolute phrase.

(C) The idiom between X to Y is wrong. The correct usage is between X and Y.

(D) The sentence indicates as though the structure (not the bats) sends and detects bisonar pulses and uses sound waves. Using an absolute phrase to explain the term echolocate is preferable.

(E) The sentence indicates as though the auditory system (not the bats) sends and detects bisonar pulses and uses sound waves. Using an absolute phrase to explain the term echolocate is preferable. There is no conjunction before the last item of a list: bisonar pulses, clicks to other calls.

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20 Feb 2016, 17:58
souvik101990 wrote:
Official Solution:

The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5.

A. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly ranging from 61.0 to 61.5.
B. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect sound waves, ranging from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls, which have frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.
C. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate by sending and detecting sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5, which range from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls.
D. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting bisonar pulses, clicks and other calls and using sound waves with frequencies mainly from 61.0 to 61.5.
E. The auditory systems of bats have special structure that enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting sound waves, bisonar pulses, clicks to other calls, with frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.

(A) The singular subject structure does not agree with plural verb enable.

(B) Correct. The verb enables agrees with its subject structure. The word echolocate is properly explained introducing an absolute phrase.

(C) The idiom between X to Y is wrong. The correct usage is between X and Y.

(D) The sentence indicates as though the structure (not the bats) sends and detects bisonar pulses and uses sound waves. Using an absolute phrase to explain the term echolocate is preferable.

(E) The sentence indicates as though the auditory system (not the bats) sends and detects bisonar pulses and uses sound waves. Using an absolute phrase to explain the term echolocate is preferable. There is no conjunction before the last item of a list: bisonar pulses, clicks to other calls.

I disagree with the explanation.
in the original answer choice, we are told that the waves have frequencies between x and y.
in B, it is written as if the clicks and other calls have frequencies between x and y.

D, on the other hand, presents the same as in A. sound waves with frequencies.
in D, ing modifier is not at all ambiguous.
the structure enables bats to echolocate
how?
by sending and detecting X, y, and Z
and by using sound waves.
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03 May 2016, 18:32
mvictor wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Official Solution:

The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5.

A. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly ranging from 61.0 to 61.5.
B. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect sound waves, ranging from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls, which have frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.
C. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate by sending and detecting sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5, which range from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls.
D. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting bisonar pulses, clicks and other calls and using sound waves with frequencies mainly from 61.0 to 61.5.
E. The auditory systems of bats have special structure that enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting sound waves, bisonar pulses, clicks to other calls, with frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.

(A) The singular subject structure does not agree with plural verb enable.

(B) Correct. The verb enables agrees with its subject structure. The word echolocate is properly explained introducing an absolute phrase.

(C) The idiom between X to Y is wrong. The correct usage is between X and Y.

(D) The sentence indicates as though the structure (not the bats) sends and detects bisonar pulses and uses sound waves. Using an absolute phrase to explain the term echolocate is preferable.

(E) The sentence indicates as though the auditory system (not the bats) sends and detects bisonar pulses and uses sound waves. Using an absolute phrase to explain the term echolocate is preferable. There is no conjunction before the last item of a list: bisonar pulses, clicks to other calls.

I disagree with the explanation.
in the original answer choice, we are told that the waves have frequencies between x and y.
in B, it is written as if the clicks and other calls have frequencies between x and y.

D, on the other hand, presents the same as in A. sound waves with frequencies.
in D, ing modifier is not at all ambiguous.
the structure enables bats to echolocate
how?
by sending and detecting X, y, and Z
and by using sound waves.

Is 'whose' used properly in B??
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08 May 2016, 11:50
rachitshah wrote:

Is 'whose' used properly in B??

Yes. The relative pronoun modifier starting with "whose" correctly refers to the noun it touches, viz., "systems".

If you could please clarify why you consider that "whose" may not have been used correctly, I could try to answer more specifically.
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17 Jul 2016, 02:23
Hi guys,

Can anyone clear 2 of my doubts here?

1. The usage of 'whose' - I always thought it is used for people/person (auditory system is not a person)

2. The usage of 'which' in the option B (which has been given as OA) - here 'which' modifies 'calls' as per its positioning and not 'sound waves' what it was meant to modify

Please also provide detailed explanation on usage of 'whose'

Thanks!
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18 Jul 2016, 07:27
akshatrustagi wrote:
Hi guys,

Can anyone clear 2 of my doubts here?

1. The usage of 'whose' - I always thought it is used for people/person (auditory system is not a person)

2. The usage of 'which' in the option B (which has been given as OA) - here 'which' modifies 'calls' as per its positioning and not 'sound waves' what it was meant to modify

Please also provide detailed explanation on usage of 'whose'

Thanks!

1. The pronoun "whose" can refer to both person and thing - "whose" is the possessive form of both "who" (person) and "which" (thing).

2. Manhattan SC guide states various exceptions of the modifier touch rule. One of them is as follows:
"A short non-essential phrase intervenes and is set off by commas.
Right: Our system of Presidential elections favors states, such as Delaware, that by population are over-represented in the Electoral College."
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05 Aug 2016, 21:18
1
Hi Expert,

The original sentences wrongly uses the idiom between X to Y. Option choice A changes it to from X to Y. Kindly rectify.

I have difficulty in understanding the meaning in the correct option choice B. Let me break the sentence into simpler parts as below:

Option choice B - Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect sound waves, ranging from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls, which have frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.

1)Bats have auditory systems, ... Independent Clause
2)whose structure enables them to echolocate, ... Relative pronoun modifier modifying auditory systems
3)an ability to send and detect sound waves, ... Noun Modifier explaining echolocate
4)ranging from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls, .... Role and meaning of this part not clear, something is ranging from X to Y and Z
5)which have frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5. ... Relative pronoun modifier modifying the noun sound waves

Kindly help me understand the meaning of the part 4) of the sentence as marked above.

Thanks
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09 Aug 2016, 16:47
sayantanc2k

"1. The pronoun "whose" can refer to both person and thing - "whose" is the possessive form of both "who" (person) and "which" (thing).

2. Manhattan SC guide states various exceptions of the modifier touch rule. One of them is as follows:
"A short non-essential phrase intervenes and is set off by commas.
Right: Our system of Presidential elections favors states, such as Delaware, that by population are over-represented in the Electoral College."

Thanks. I think the first point makes sense, but is B really nonessential? Another set of commas follows that are dependent on "echo locate"
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15 Aug 2016, 10:38
souvik101990 wrote:
The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5.

A. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly ranging from 61.0 to 61.5.
B. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect sound waves, ranging from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls, which have frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.
C. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate by sending and detecting sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5, which range from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls.
D. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting bisonar pulses, clicks and other calls and using sound waves with frequencies mainly from 61.0 to 61.5.
E. The auditory systems of bats have special structure that enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting sound waves, bisonar pulses, clicks to other calls, with frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.

The choice boils down to B D and E. D i agree conveys the wrong meaning. It cant be the structure sending and detecting. So D is out.
Between B and E i feel it comes down to which options preserves meaning the most.

As per the Question : ECHOLOCATE is an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls. ( That is the bats send bi-sonar pulses and get the feedback from clicks and other calls) How do they get this feedback? They get this feedback by using sound between 61 and 61.5 frequency. THIS IS WHAT THE QUESTION INTENDS TO SAY

Now as per option B ( seemingly the right answer) : ECHOLOCATE is an ability to send and detect sound waves ( so far ok as bisonar pulses are a type of sound) ranging from BISONAR PULSES to clicks and other calls? ( This is where i believe the meaning goes for a toss !!!... 1. Bats send neither clicks nor other call 2. Clicks and other call like i explained are supposed to be the feedback system).. Meaning totally changes. This sentence logically is a mess.

As per Option E : It is very much logical to say that the auditory system sends and detects sound waves( In the same we say our voice box can send and modulate sounds). Audtory system enables ECHOLOCATE. How so? By sending and detecting sound waves ... Which sound waves Bisonar pulses. In this case there is no word such as RANGE and i believe this is the closest to the intended meaning.

As for grammer both B and E are ok. Considering meaning E is far superrior.
My 2 cents.
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16 Aug 2016, 07:04
zakkwylde01 wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5.

A. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enable them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls using sound waves with frequencies mainly ranging from 61.0 to 61.5.
B. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate, an ability to send and detect sound waves, ranging from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls, which have frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.
C. Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate by sending and detecting sound waves with frequencies mainly between 61.0 to 61.5, which range from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls.
D. The structure of the auditory systems in bats enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting bisonar pulses, clicks and other calls and using sound waves with frequencies mainly from 61.0 to 61.5.
E. The auditory systems of bats have special structure that enables them to echolocate, sending and detecting sound waves, bisonar pulses, clicks to other calls, with frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5.

The choice boils down to B D and E. D i agree conveys the wrong meaning. It cant be the structure sending and detecting. So D is out.
Between B and E i feel it comes down to which options preserves meaning the most.

As per the Question : ECHOLOCATE is an ability to send and detect bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls. ( That is the bats send bi-sonar pulses and get the feedback from clicks and other calls) How do they get this feedback? They get this feedback by using sound between 61 and 61.5 frequency. THIS IS WHAT THE QUESTION INTENDS TO SAY

Now as per option B ( seemingly the right answer) : ECHOLOCATE is an ability to send and detect sound waves ( so far ok as bisonar pulses are a type of sound) ranging from BISONAR PULSES to clicks and other calls? ( This is where i believe the meaning goes for a toss !!!... 1. Bats send neither clicks nor other call 2. Clicks and other call like i explained are supposed to be the feedback system).. Meaning totally changes. This sentence logically is a mess.

As per Option E : It is very much logical to say that the auditory system sends and detects sound waves( In the same we say our voice box can send and modulate sounds). Audtory system enables ECHOLOCATE. How so? By sending and detecting sound waves ... Which sound waves Bisonar pulses. In this case there is no word such as RANGE and i believe this is the closest to the intended meaning.

As for grammer both B and E are ok. Considering meaning E is far superrior.
My 2 cents.

The problem with E is the wrong usage of present participle modifier "sending and detecting sound waves". The sentence implies that the auditory systems send and detect (as you have correctly identified), whereas it is intended to define the term "echolocate". When there are two grammatically correct sentences, select the one that conveys the original meaning.
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17 Aug 2016, 07:41
The question states " frequencies mainly between " but option 1 states "frequencies mainly ranging from ."
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18 Aug 2016, 05:34
mahawarchirag wrote:
The question states " frequencies mainly between " but option 1 states "frequencies mainly ranging from ."

Thank you for pointing out... corrected.
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07 Sep 2016, 09:02
can u please tell whether 'which' is correctly used in B ?
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07 Sep 2016, 12:40
Karanagrawal wrote:
can u please tell whether 'which' is correctly used in B ?

v11-213057.html#p1711256
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07 Aug 2017, 17:54
souvik101990

Can you help me with "B"?

" an ability to send and detect sound waves" is a modifier - it is modifying "Echolocate"

So, taking the modifier out of the sentence here is how it sounds:

"Bats have auditory systems, whose structure enables them to echolocate ranging from bisonar pulses to clicks and other calls, which have frequencies mainly between 61.0 and 61.5."

Echolocate sounds like a verb - so after the verb you need something to identify what the object is. Right? Please read the sentence as I have it above a few times. It just sounds wrong.

Sigh... I went with option "A", but the between thing got me instead.
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21 Oct 2017, 00:18
I read in one of the posts in your form by a Manhattan expert that "which" is used as part of an non-essential modifier.. I think the use of "that" is surely better than "which" - I think we can go with B since its the best of all options. Thoughts please ?
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18 Jan 2018, 13:48
What exactly ranging is modifying in option B.

It is a verb + ing modifier so it should modify nearest clause but going by the meaning - it modifies sound waves

Is it not breaking an important rule about comma + Verb-ing modifier

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18 Jan 2018, 13:48
What exactly ranging is modifying in option B.

It is a verb + ing modifier so it should modify nearest clause but going by the meaning - it modifies sound waves

Is it not breaking an important rule about comma + Verb-ing modifier

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