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V11-46

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The process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, like farmer's organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken in Nigeria bore results faster when compared to East African states in last 30 years, which caused cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order to meet the diversified food demands and not to slow it down for the purpose of recovering the deficit situation in food trade.

A. The process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, like farmer's organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken in Nigeria bore results faster when compared to East African states in last 30 years, which caused cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order to meet the diversified food demands and not to slow it down
B. The process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, including farmer's organizations and the private sector, undertaken in Nigeria bore results faster when compared with the process applied in East African states in last 30 years, increasing cereal production and cultivated land to increase by 125% and 70% respectively that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated so that would meet the diversified food demands rather than slowing them down
C. When it was compared with that undertaken by East African states in last 30 years, the process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, like farmer’s organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken in Nigeria and that bore results faster, were causing cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order to meet the diversified food demands rather than slowing them down
D. Compared with that undertaken by East African states in last 30 years, the process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, such as farmer's organizations and the private sector, that was undertaken in Nigeria bore results fast, causing an increase in cereal production by 125% and in cultivated land by 70%; the process, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated so that the country would meet the diversified food demands rather than slowed down
E. In last 30 years, Nigeria, compared with East African states, had a process of mobilizing all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, including farmer's organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken to faster results, since it caused cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order that they would meet the diversified food demands and not to slow down
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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The process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, like farmer's organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken in Nigeria bore results faster when compared to East African states in last 30 years, which caused cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order to meet the diversified food demands and not to slow it down for the purpose of recovering the deficit situation in food trade.

A. The process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, like farmer's organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken in Nigeria bore results faster when compared to East African states in last 30 years, which caused cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order to meet the diversified food demands and not to slow it down
B. The process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, including farmer's organizations and the private sector, undertaken in Nigeria bore results faster when compared with the process applied in East African states in last 30 years, increasing cereal production and cultivated land to increase by 125% and 70% respectively that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated so that would meet the diversified food demands rather than slowing them down
C. When it was compared with that undertaken by East African states in last 30 years, the process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, like farmer’s organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken in Nigeria and that bore results faster, were causing cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order to meet the diversified food demands rather than slowing them down
D. Compared with that undertaken by East African states in last 30 years, the process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, such as farmer's organizations and the private sector, that was undertaken in Nigeria bore results fast, causing an increase in cereal production by 125% and in cultivated land by 70%; the process, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated so that the country would meet the diversified food demands rather than slowed down
E. In last 30 years, Nigeria, compared with East African states, had a process of mobilizing all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, including farmer's organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken to faster results, since it caused cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order that they would meet the diversified food demands and not to slow down


(A) The plural verb were undertaken does not comply with the singular subject The process. And accelerated….. and not to slow it down is not a parallel comparison. This correct comparison here would have been accelerated….. and not slowed down.

(B) The rather than comparison is not balanced: accelerated… rather than slowing them down, it should be accelerated..… rather than slowed down. Also, it seems to imply that the food demand will be slowed down, when actually we are referring to accelerating/slowing down the growth in production. Wrong usage of the phrase when compared with. The correct form would be when compared to.

(C) The verb were undertaken does not match with the singular subject The process. The sentences are too wordy and awkward. It implies as if the process was undertaken only in East African countries in last 30 years when we actually wish to convey that the results observed in last 30 years were better in Nigeria compared to East African countries.

(D) Correct Verb matches the noun. All comparisons are parallel and logical. Sentence is lengthy and fragmented but makes sense.

(E) Changes meaning of the sentence. Implies only Nigeria undertook the process. Again verb were does not match noun a process. The part must be accelerated… not to slow down shows parallelism error. The correct form here would be must be accelerated….. and not slowed down


Answer: D
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Re: V11-46 [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2016, 16:04
souvik101990 wrote:
The process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, like farmer's organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken in Nigeria bore results faster when compared to East African states in last 30 years, which caused cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order to meet the diversified food demands and not to slow it down for the purpose of recovering the deficit situation in food trade.

A. The process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, like farmer's organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken in Nigeria bore results faster when compared to East African states in last 30 years, which caused cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order to meet the diversified food demands and not to slow it down
B. The process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, including farmer's organizations and the private sector, undertaken in Nigeria bore results faster when compared with the process applied in East African states in last 30 years, increasing cereal production and cultivated land to increase by 125% and 70% respectively that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated so that would meet the diversified food demands rather than slowing them down
C. When it was compared with that undertaken by East African states in last 30 years, the process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, like farmer’s organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken in Nigeria and that bore results faster, were causing cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order to meet the diversified food demands rather than slowing them down
D. Compared with that undertaken by East African states in last 30 years, the process to mobilize all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, such as farmer's organizations and the private sector, that was undertaken in Nigeria bore results fast, causing an increase in cereal production by 125% and in cultivated land by 70%, which, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated so that the country would meet the diversified food demands rather than slowed down
E. In last 30 years, Nigeria, compared with East African states, had a process of mobilizing all stakeholders in the agrifood sector, including farmer's organizations and the private sector, that were undertaken to faster results, since it caused cereal production to increase by 125% and cultivated land by 70% that, in face of increasing urbanization and population density, must be accelerated in order that they would meet the diversified food demands and not to slow down



wow, that's a pretty huge sentence..
A - like to give examples - out.
B - including...as if agrifood sector + smth else. no. WHEN compared - NO. as/when compared/contrast NEVER CORRECT.
C - same like mistake. it was compared with that..oh my..
D - compared with that - correctly refers to the process. such as correctly gives examples.
E - compares nigeria with other east african states. incorrect comparison. including - as explained in B.that were - what does it refer to?
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New post 23 Feb 2016, 12:02
I think this is a poor-quality question. In last 30 years, is it not supposed to be in the last 30 years?
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Re: V11-46 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2016, 03:40
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. what does 'that' in the sentence 'that was undertaken in Nigeria.....' refer to ?
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New post 02 Jul 2016, 19:26
Saurav Arora wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. what does 'that' in the sentence 'that was undertaken in Nigeria.....' refer to ?


In option D, the first "that" refers to " the process to mobilise". It creates a copy of the noun it refers to. The usage is similar to :

My car is bigger than that of yours.

The second "that" also refers to "the process to mobilise", but this pronoun replaces the antecedent directly. The usage is similar to:

The car that you gifted me does not start.
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Re: V11-46 [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2016, 12:35
For Option D - Shouldn't the word 'fast' be replaced with faster ? "Compared to X, Y bore results fast "does not make much sense .
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New post 19 Aug 2016, 08:54
rishabh2208 wrote:
For Option D - Shouldn't the word 'fast' be replaced with faster ? "Compared to X, Y bore results fast "does not make much sense .


No Rishabh, the sentence is alright:

Y bore results faster than X did ... Correct
Compared to X, Y bore results fast... Correct
Compared to X, Y bore results faster.. Wrong
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sayantanc2k Can you please explain why is B wrong. I am unable to understand the exact reason precisely. Would appreciate the help.
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sayantanc2k Can you please explain why is B wrong. I am unable to understand the exact reason precisely. Would appreciate the help.


3 major errors are:

1. "faster when compared with the process": wrong - should be either " faster than..." or " fast when compared..."
2. parallelism error: "must be accelerated rather than slowing them down"..... "be accelerated" is a verb (in passive) whereas "slowing" is a present participle - the correct construction would be: "must be accelerated rather than slowed down."
3. "that" (increasing cereal production and cultivated land to increase by 125% and 70% respectively that) does not have a proper antecedent - the noun "increase" is absent in the sentence ("present participle form "increasing" is used).
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sayantanc2k

Thank You for the explanation, I guess that helps answer all my doubts :)
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New post 19 Sep 2016, 14:10
hi, i really cannot understand this question. 'that' must be not used with comma as it is a restrictive modifier.how come here every option uses 'that' with comma? and is 'when compared with' is right as 'when compared to' is wrong ?

please help.
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New post 21 Sep 2016, 07:16
DeepikaV wrote:
hi, i really cannot understand this question. 'that' must be not used with comma as it is a restrictive modifier.how come here every option uses 'that' with comma? and is 'when compared with' is right as 'when compared to' is wrong ?

please help.


.....that was undertaken in Nigeria: The comma before "that" is used to isolate the unessential modifier "such as farmer's organizations and the private sector" from the sentence: (comma) such as farmer's organizations and the private sector (comma). The commas are not related to "that".

The GMAT ignores the traditional distinction between COMPARED TO (emphasizing similarities) and COMPARED WITH (emphasizing differences).
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Re: V11-46 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2016, 11:20
sayantanc2k wrote:
Saurav Arora wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. what does 'that' in the sentence 'that was undertaken in Nigeria.....' refer to ?


In option D, the first "that" refers to " the process to mobilise". It creates a copy of the noun it refers to. The usage is similar to :

My car is bigger than that of yours.

The second "that" also refers to "the process to mobilise", but this pronoun replaces the antecedent directly. The usage is similar to:

The car that you gifted me does not start.



In Option D: what does which refers to?
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New post 27 Nov 2016, 13:34
sachin0890 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Saurav Arora wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. what does 'that' in the sentence 'that was undertaken in Nigeria.....' refer to ?


In option D, the first "that" refers to " the process to mobilise". It creates a copy of the noun it refers to. The usage is similar to :

My car is bigger than that of yours.

The second "that" also refers to "the process to mobilise", but this pronoun replaces the antecedent directly. The usage is similar to:

The car that you gifted me does not start.



In Option D: what does which refers to?


"Which" refers "the process" - however because of its distance from the antecedent, the pronoun may be considered ambiguous. The option has been modified slightly to remove this ambiguity.
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Re: V11-46 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2017, 01:51
This is a high quality question.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: V11-46 [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2017, 14:16
sayantanc2k wrote:
rishabh2208 wrote:
For Option D - Shouldn't the word 'fast' be replaced with faster ? "Compared to X, Y bore results fast "does not make much sense .


No Rishabh, the sentence is alright:

Y bore results faster than X did ... Correct
Compared to X, Y bore results fast... Correct
Compared to X, Y bore results faster.. Wrong


This is not clear to me. I have always believed that in any form of comparison between two things, we must use the comparative (er) form. Could you please provide more examples, and most importantly, references to grammar books or GMAT references that explains this? I tried but I am unable to find suitable examples/references.

Thanks.
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Re V11-46 [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2017, 18:09
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. In answer choice D, the words ";the process, in face of increasing" is incorrect. Shouldn't it be "in the face of"? "in face" is not a term I have heard used before in even formal speech. Please advise. My choice isn't correct, but it felt the closest to correct considering the missing word in D. Thank you.
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Re: V11-46 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2018, 05:07
Very low-quality question! "In last 30 years" CERTAINLY needs to be "in the last 30 years". This kind of a mistake in a PAID-FOR test is ridiculous!!
Re: V11-46   [#permalink] 10 Feb 2018, 05:07
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