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# V21-16

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Manager
Joined: 19 May 2015
Posts: 128

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16 Feb 2018, 13:27
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

33% (01:09) correct 67% (01:09) wrong based on 21 sessions

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During the tenure of Steve Jobs, which was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded any large technology company in the world.

A. which was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded any
B. memorable both for his dictatorial management style and his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple was exceeded by that of no other
C. who was memorable for his dictatorial management style and his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded that of any
D. who was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, Apple exceeded every other
E. which was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded that of any other
Manager
Joined: 19 May 2015
Posts: 128

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16 Feb 2018, 13:27
Official Solution:

During the tenure of Steve Jobs, which was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded any large technology company in the world.

A. which was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded any
B. memorable both for his dictatorial management style and his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple was exceeded by that of no other
C. who was memorable for his dictatorial management style and his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded that of any
D. who was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, Apple exceeded every other
E. which was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded that of any other

This one is tricky! (And apologies to anybody who saw a version with some discrepancies between the original underlined portion and answer choice (A). The problem has been fixed.) If you get too mechanical with the word "which", you can get yourself into trouble here, especially if you're not paying obsessively close attention to the meaning of each of the answer choices.

(A) which was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded an

“Which” can’t modify a person, so you might automatically think that this one is wrong, since “which” seems to be modifying “Steve Jobs.” But as we discussed in our long-winded article about the many uses of “that” on the GMAT, it can be perfectly OK for a noun modifier (“that” or “which”, for example) to “reach behind” a prepositional phrase. So (A) is saying that “the tenure of Steve Jobs” was memorable for a couple of different reasons. That seems fine.

But there’s a different problem: “the growth of Apple exceeded any large technology company.” Nope. We can’t really compare the growth of Apple to “any large technology company.” (A) is out

(B) memorable both for his dictatorial management style and his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple was exceeded by that of no othe

There’s a nice, clear parallelism error here: “both for his dictatorial management style and his groundbreaking product innovations.” “Both” is followed by a prepositional phrase, and “and” is followed by a noun, and that’s not OK. (B) is gone.

(C) who was memorable for his dictatorial management style and his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded that of an

I guess I’m OK with the modifier beginning with “who”, though I think it would make more sense if we modify the entire phrase “tenure of Steve Jobs”, instead of just Steve Jobs. But I guess it’s not DEFINITELY wrong to use “who” here.

The bigger problem is that the comparison at the end is just a tiny bit off. "That" is a singular pronoun referring back to "the growth", so then we have: “…the growth of Apple exceeded {the growth of} any technology company in the world.” This is subtle as hell, but Apple’s growth didn’t exceed the growth of any technology company – it exceeded the growth of any other technology company. Nasty! (And here’s an official question that has a similar issue, in case you think we’re inventing weird stuff.) So (C) is out

(D) who was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, Apple exceeded every othe

As mentioned in (C), I’m not crazy about the use of “who” here, but again, I’m not sure that it’s wrong. The comparison at the end of the underlined portion is definitely wrong, though: it’s literally saying that Apple itself exceeded every other tech company, and that doesn’t make sense. (D) is gone

Crap, I hope we like (E)

(E) which was memorable as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking product innovations, the growth of Apple exceeded that of any othe

Not bad! The phrase beginning with “which” correctly modifies “the tenure of Steve Jobs”, and that makes sense. And the comparison is finally better: “the growth of Apple exceeded {the growth of} any other large tech company…” That works. (E) is the answer

Intern
Joined: 14 Apr 2018
Posts: 4

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17 Jun 2018, 13:52
Can any one please help me out here between the use of which and Who ? Use of Who seems correct .
Intern
Joined: 13 May 2018
Posts: 2

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22 Aug 2018, 11:02
If which modifies Tenure, then I suppose "as much for his dictatorial management style as for his groundbreaking " is wrong. I guess the statement is pointing to Stevejobs but not to Tenure. In that case "who" makes more sense.
Please correct me if I'm wrong
Intern
Joined: 11 May 2018
Posts: 2

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19 Mar 2019, 12:43
I think the answer is wrong. Which has been considered in the correct option because it supposedly refers to tenure - meanwhile this should be the noun phrase "tenure of steve jobs". If that is the case, then the two "his" do not have any antecedent. Please clarify
Re V21-16   [#permalink] 19 Mar 2019, 12:43
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# V21-16

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