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V32-21

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V32-21  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2018, 23:32
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A
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Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (00:33) correct 27% (00:45) wrong based on 11 sessions

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Up until the mid-19th century, most Irish immigrants in America were members of the Protestant middle class. When the Great Potato Famine hit Ireland in 1845, close to 1 million poor and uneducated Irish Catholics began pouring into America to escape starvation. Despised for their alien religious beliefs and unfamiliar accents by the American Protestant majority, the immigrants had trouble finding even menial jobs. When Irish Americans in the country's cities took to the streets on St. Patrick's Day to celebrate their heritage, newspapers portrayed them in cartoons as drunk, violent monkeys.

The American Irish soon began to realize, however, that their large and growing numbers endowed them with a political power that had yet to be exploited. They started to organize, and their voting block, known as the "green machine," became an important swing vote for political hopefuls. Suddenly, annual St. Patrick's Day parades became a show of strength for Irish Americans, as well as a must-attend event for a slew of political candidates. In 1948, President Harry S. Truman attended New York City 's St. Patrick's Day parade, a proud moment for the many Irish Americans whose ancestors had to fight stereotypes and racial prejudice to find acceptance in the New World.

Which of the following supported by the passage?

A. There were many rich Irish immigrant families in the early 19th century in America
B. By the mid 19th century the Irish enjoyed more privileges than other immigrants.
C. The American politicians attempted to exploit the growing Irish numbers by appeasing to their cultural heritage.
D. The Irish who came to America before 1845 were significantly more educated than those who came after.
E. President Harry Truman was the first major politician to consider the Irish immigrants as a formidable group to shape the American democracy.

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Re V32-21  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2018, 23:32
Official Solution:

Up until the mid-19th century, most Irish immigrants in America were members of the Protestant middle class. When the Great Potato Famine hit Ireland in 1845, close to 1 million poor and uneducated Irish Catholics began pouring into America to escape starvation. Despised for their alien religious beliefs and unfamiliar accents by the American Protestant majority, the immigrants had trouble finding even menial jobs. When Irish Americans in the country's cities took to the streets on St. Patrick's Day to celebrate their heritage, newspapers portrayed them in cartoons as drunk, violent monkeys.

The American Irish soon began to realize, however, that their large and growing numbers endowed them with a political power that had yet to be exploited. They started to organize, and their voting block, known as the "green machine," became an important swing vote for political hopefuls. Suddenly, annual St. Patrick's Day parades became a show of strength for Irish Americans, as well as a must-attend event for a slew of political candidates. In 1948, President Harry S. Truman attended New York City 's St. Patrick's Day parade, a proud moment for the many Irish Americans whose ancestors had to fight stereotypes and racial prejudice to find acceptance in the New World.


Which of the following supported by the passage?

A. There were many rich Irish immigrant families in the early 19th century in America
B. By the mid 19th century the Irish enjoyed more privileges than other immigrants.
C. The American politicians attempted to exploit the growing Irish numbers by appeasing to their cultural heritage.
D. The Irish who came to America before 1845 were significantly more educated than those who came after.
E. President Harry Truman was the first major politician to consider the Irish immigrants as a formidable group to shape the American democracy.

C is correct. The passage states how the Green Machine and other Irish demography made them a formidable political demography which was then exploited by American politicians.

Answer: C
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Re V32-21  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2018, 21:49
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Appeasing to cultural heritage doens't make sense and creates ambiguity in the answers.

The answer is much clearer when it is "appealing"
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Re: V32-21  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2018, 00:06
Hi

I have a question here - the passage ("a political power that had yet to be exploited") mentions that the demography of the Irish people made them likely to be exploited by American Irish (politicians - may be or may be American politicians). So it is explicitly stated that Irish demography could have been politically exploited. In option c, it states that they were exploited.

Could someone please explain? I am in doubt.
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Re: V32-21  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2018, 06:11
This is just a long and annoying question after all, but once its read through, the answer is pretty straightforward.

A. There were many rich Irish immigrant families in the early 19th century in America - never mentioned in the passage --> out of scope
B. By the mid 19th century the Irish enjoyed more privileges than other immigrants. - never mentioned in the passage --> out of scope
C. The American politicians attempted to exploit the growing Irish numbers by appeasing to their cultural heritage. - a general statement that fits into the topic of Irish Americans' progression towards empowerment & recognition during the period of mid 19th to mid 20th century
D. The Irish who came to America before 1845 were significantly more educated than those who came after. - never mentioned in the passage --> out of scope
E. President Harry Truman was the first major politician to consider the Irish immigrants as a formidable group to shape the American democracy. - Extreme and the passage never mentioned anything about other major political figure's stance on this issue.
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Re: V32-21  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2018, 08:13
Dear Gmat Club test makers, please give complete explanations to your questions. (Provide a reason why each of the answer choices is wrong or right).
GMAT Club Bot
Re: V32-21 &nbs [#permalink] 31 Oct 2018, 08:13
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