Author 
Message 
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 10 Jul 2009
Posts: 119
Location: Ukraine, Kyiv

What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
Updated on: 21 Dec 2013, 05:19
1
This post received KUDOS
1
This post was BOOKMARKED
Question Stats:
77% (01:06) correct 23% (01:08) wrong based on 314 sessions
HideShow timer Statistics
What is 987*987? (A) 974,169 (B) 974,219 (C) 974,549 (D) 975,019 (E) 975,369
Official Answer and Stats are available only to registered users. Register/ Login.
_________________
Never, never, never give up
Originally posted by barakhaiev on 05 Sep 2009, 10:37.
Last edited by Bunuel on 21 Dec 2013, 05:19, edited 1 time in total.
Added the OA.



Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 842

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
05 Sep 2009, 10:43
8
This post received KUDOS
1
This post was BOOKMARKED
(100013)(100013)=(ab)^2=a^2+b^22ab =1,000,000 +..........169 ......26,000 __________ =1,000,16926,000=(A) barakhaiev wrote: What is 987*987?
(A) 974,169 (B) 974,219 (C) 974,549 (D) 975,019 (E) 975,369
I wonder, how can this question be solved quickly?
Thanks in advance.
_________________
http://gmatclub.com/forum/mathpolygons87336.html http://gmatclub.com/forum/competitionforthebestgmaterrorlogtemplate86232.html



Manager
Joined: 22 Aug 2009
Posts: 96
Location: UK
Schools: LBS,Oxford SAID,INSEAD,NUS

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
05 Sep 2009, 18:21
2
This post received KUDOS
thanks ..this seems to be a simple one .. other tedios way is 987 * 987 unit digit comes from multiplying unit terms ( 7 * 7 . so unit digit 9) 10's digit comes from mulitplying tens digit of 1st term and unit digit of 2nd term ( 8 * 7 = 56 ) so tens digit 6 this way , you can trim your answer choices and wil be useful if you are asked to multiply some strange numbers like 758 * 758 , but will not be useful for the above question as the solution provided by nitya is much easier .
_________________
FEB 15 2010 !!
well I would not disturb you after the Dday ..so please !!!
It Will Snow In Green , One Day !!!!



Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 132

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
06 Sep 2009, 00:50
6
This post received KUDOS
barakhaiev wrote: What is 987*987?
(A) 974,169 (B) 974,219 (C) 974,549 (D) 975,019 (E) 975,369
I wonder, how can this question be solved quickly?
Thanks in advance. 987 is divisible by 3 so 987*987 is divisible by 9 so the sum of the digits is divisible by 9, only A satisfies.



Intern
Joined: 23 Jul 2009
Posts: 4

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
06 Sep 2009, 00:55
1
This post received KUDOS
Hello. Method provided by Snowingreen is not correct.
Is you multiply two numbers then
987 *987 If we go to very basic steps which I had learned in my primary school. 987 *987  06909 7896X 8883XX  974169
Unit digit will come via 7*7 but ten's digit will be multiply by tens digits in this multiplication. ( o + 6+ x) = 6 . Here by luck we are getting 0 in first row because ( 56+ 4 ( carry forward) = 60 so 0 will remain there but 6 will be carry forward). In case if some would have been diffrerent
986 986  5916 7888X 8874XX  972196
So here ten's digit is 9 .....
I hope you got it. If not try 2  3 sample multilpication and you will get it. Best way is to use formula. ( ab) ^2 I hope it will help you.



Manager
Joined: 22 Aug 2009
Posts: 96
Location: UK
Schools: LBS,Oxford SAID,INSEAD,NUS

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
06 Sep 2009, 06:24
ahhh..I posted quicky and I didnt mention it .. I didnt mention abt the 0 from the last 2 terms( tenth digit) sorry guys..let me update my post
_________________
FEB 15 2010 !!
well I would not disturb you after the Dday ..so please !!!
It Will Snow In Green , One Day !!!!



Director
Joined: 23 Apr 2010
Posts: 558

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
20 Dec 2010, 04:07
Can I please ask someone to take a look at it and solve it algebraically? The method provided by DavidArchuleta is nice but how do you come up with an idea that 987 is divisible by 3?
Thank you.



Manager
Joined: 10 Jul 2009
Posts: 119
Location: Ukraine, Kyiv

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
20 Dec 2010, 04:23
nonameee wrote: Can I please ask someone to take a look at it and solve it algebraically? The method provided by DavidArchuleta is nice but how do you come up with an idea that 987 is divisible by 3?
Thank you. If the sum of numbers is divisible by 3, then the whole number is too. 9+8+7 = 24; 24 is divisible by 3 = 8
_________________
Never, never, never give up



Intern
Joined: 07 Jul 2010
Posts: 21

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
20 Dec 2013, 20:34
4
This post received KUDOS
if you take a base of 1000 then 987 is 13 less than 1000
to get the product of 987 x 987 write like this
987 13( as 13 less than base1000) 987 13  now 13 x 13 = 169 and 98713 = 974
so 987 x 987 = 974169 ... (bingo the answer is A . you can even have a shortcut ...... 13 x 13 = 169 ... only answer choice has last three digits as 169.. so no need to calculate 98713 . after you get 13 x 13 you can straight way pick answer choice A.
now try the same method for 986x 984 ... and let me know if u get the correct answer in less than 10 seconds or not !



Manager
Joined: 23 May 2013
Posts: 113

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
27 Dec 2013, 21:28
barakhaiev wrote: What is 987*987?
(A) 974,169 (B) 974,219 (C) 974,549 (D) 975,019 (E) 975,369 987*987 = 987^2 = (100013)^2 = 1000^2  2*13*1000+13^2 = 100000026000+169 = 974169
_________________
“Confidence comes not from always being right but from not fearing to be wrong.”



MBA Section Director
Status: Back to work...
Affiliations: GMAT Club
Joined: 22 Feb 2012
Posts: 5101
Location: India
City: Pune
GPA: 3.4
WE: Business Development (Manufacturing)

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
27 Dec 2013, 22:44
barakhaiev wrote: What is 987*987?
(A) 974,169 (B) 974,219 (C) 974,549 (D) 975,019 (E) 975,369 Looks weird, but not so tricky. 987*987 > (987*1000)  (987*13) > 987000  12831 > 974169 > Choice A
_________________
Chances of Getting Admitted After an Interview [Data Crunch]
Must Read Forum Topics Before You Kick Off Your MBA Application
New GMAT Club Decision Tracker  Real Time Decision Updates



Manager
Joined: 04 Oct 2013
Posts: 157
Location: India
GMAT Date: 05232015
GPA: 3.45

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
29 Dec 2013, 04:28
What is\(987*987?\)
To find: \(987^2\)
Since, 987 is a 3digit number, its square will be six digit number XXXYYY. XXX = 987  ( 1000987) Or, XXX = 974 YYY = (1000987)^2 Or, YYY = 169
Hence, \(987 ^ 2 = 974169\)
Answer: (A)



Director
Joined: 17 Dec 2012
Posts: 635
Location: India

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
05 Apr 2014, 20:33
barakhaiev wrote: What is 987*987?
(A) 974,169 (B) 974,219 (C) 974,549 (D) 975,019 (E) 975,369 GMAT always tests your ability to do something smart. So rather than looking for some esoteric short cuts the student should try to know what is it the test makers really want him to do and try to do that. In the above example can the numbers be represented in terms of numbers which would greatly simplify the calculation? The answer is yes and 987 can be written as 100013 So the problem now boils down to finding (100013) ^2 i.e., 1000000+16926000=974169 These are much easier and fewer computations than if the multiplication were done directly.
_________________
Srinivasan Vaidyaraman Sravna http://www.sravnatestprep.com/bestonlinegrepreparation.php
Improve Intuition and Your Score Systematic Approaches



Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 10 Oct 2012
Posts: 621

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
06 Apr 2014, 07:46
1
This post received KUDOS
1
This post was BOOKMARKED
barakhaiev wrote: What is 987*987?
(A) 974,169 (B) 974,219 (C) 974,549 (D) 975,019 (E) 975,369 Doesn't look like a typical GMAT question. However, this is easily done in 5 seconds. Note that the value of the multiplicands are very near to 1000. All you have to do is : 987  (100013) 987  (100013) Thus, what you do is subtract 987 from the nearest multiple of 10, and then write the difference \(\to\) 987  13 987  13 Now you subtract 13 from 987 = 974 and multiply 13*13 = 169 Thus, the answer is 974,169 This is just a brilliant method from Vedic Mathematics.Doubt will be ever useful for GMAT.
_________________
All that is equal and notDeep Dive Inequality
Hit and Trial for Integral Solutions



SVP
Status: The Best Or Nothing
Joined: 27 Dec 2012
Posts: 1837
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
20 Apr 2014, 21:19
1
This post was BOOKMARKED
\(987^2\) \(= (1000  13)^2\) = 1000000 + 169  26000 = 1000169  26000 Last 3 digits should be 169; only option A fits in Answer = A
_________________
Kindly press "+1 Kudos" to appreciate



Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2015
Posts: 115

What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
24 Jul 2015, 11:20
Don't ignore the easy problems! Finding efficient ways to do easy problems is of prime importance because it means that you have more time for hard questions. This problem should take you 30 seconds or less. Others have mentioned some pretty quick methods  you can use those awesome ways or stick to what you already know if that's what is most comfortable for you. Thought:Just multiply 5 pairs of single digit numbers and add two numbers up! All of the answer choices end in 9. So we can't simply multiply the units digits. There are some tens digits which are the same so the tens and units digits are the same number, but the hundreds digits makes all of the numbers different. You can start multiplying 987 x 987 the long and tedious way, but stop at the units, tens, and hundreds digit when multiplying and ignore the rest. In other words, don't multiply it all out. Math: Short, simple, and sweet* Line 1: \(987 * 987\) = 7*7, 7*8, 7*9 the first three digits are 9, 0, 9 (in order from highest digit to units digit; don't forget to carry over the tens digits like you would normally do) * Line 2: Then 8*7 and 8*8 the first three digits for the next line is 9, 6, 0 * Line 3: Then for the next line it's just 9*7, so 3, 0, 0 + Add up the digits accordingly and it's 169 (leave the 2 out since it isn't even necessarily the correct thousand's digit, as it needs to get added to the full multiplication). Answer is (A).



NonHuman User
Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 6645

Re: What is 987*987? [#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Dec 2017, 19:40
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up  doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
GMAT Books  GMAT Club Tests  Best Prices on GMAT Courses  GMAT Mobile App  Math Resources  Verbal Resources




Re: What is 987*987?
[#permalink]
19 Dec 2017, 19:40






