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what is an assumption for the argument if I do x, I will

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what is an assumption for the argument if I do x, I will [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2012, 04:24
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what is an assumption for the argument

if I do x, I will have y

for example

If I learn gmat, I will get higher score

or

if I take part in gmatcluc, I will learn gmat better.

do you have any general assummption for above kind of argument. I ask this question because I see that this type of argument is popular on og books.

pls, help. Thank you
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Re: if do x , we have y [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2012, 04:30
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thangvietnam wrote:
what is an assumption for the argument

if I do x, I will have y

for example

If I learn gmat, I will get higher score

or

if I take part in gmatclub, I will learn gmat better.

do you have any general assummption for above kind of argument. I ask this question because I see that this type of argument is popular on og books.

pls, help. Thank you


Two assumptions I can come up with are:
1. Doing X helps in achieving Y. (Taking Part in GMAT Club helps to learn GMAT better)
2. There is no other alternate way u can achieve Y
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Re: if do x , we have y [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2012, 07:18
thangvietnam wrote:
what is an assumption for the argument

if I do x, I will have y

for example

If I learn gmat, I will get higher score

or

if I take part in gmatcluc, I will learn gmat better.

do you have any general assummption for above kind of argument. I ask this question because I see that this type of argument is popular on og books.

pls, help. Thank you



Hi thangvietnam,

These are logical connections and the type of logic that you wrote is called and implication logic.

Let me illustrate:

IF x occurs -> then Y occurs

If this is given as a statement and we need to conclude on something, what do we have to look out for.

Case 1: Y occurs. We cannot say for sure that X occurs. So Y -> X is untrue

Case 2: X occurs. We cannot say that Y has also occurred.

Case 3: X does not occur. We cannot say if Y occurred or not. Y may or may not occur.

Case 4: Y does not occur. In that case we can be sure that X has not occurred. Hence (NOT)Y - > (NOT)X

Just remember this:

If X-> Y, then (NOT)Y - > (NOT)X

So, in CR answer choices, if you encounter certain cause-effect relationships, you can use this relation.

Regards,

Shouvik.
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Kudos [?]: 107 [0], given: 14

Re: if do x , we have y   [#permalink] 09 Oct 2012, 07:18
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