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What is the value of x^2 – y^2?

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What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Dec 2015, 01:01
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What is the value of x^2 – y^2?

(1) x + y = 66
(2) xy = 9

Originally posted by porvakanti on 18 Dec 2015, 00:23.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Dec 2015, 01:01, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and moved to DS forum.
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What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2015, 00:35
1
porvakanti wrote:
Hi,
I'm new here. I'd like to know how to solve the below problem:

What is the value of x2 – y2?
I) x+ y= 66
II) xy = 9
A] I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient
B] II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient
C] Neither I nor II is sufficient
D] Both I and II together are sufficient

A brief approach to solve would be very helful.

Thanks in Advance



Hi,
firstlwhat is DS..
you have a statement,.."What is the value of x2 – y2?..
can this be answered by any of the statement?" is what you have to look for..
what is x^2-y^2? (x-y)(x+y)...
so either we know the values of the difference and sum of two numbers or the values of x and y..
lets see the statements.
1)x+ y= 66.... we are yet to know x-y.. insuff
2)xy=9.. again nothing what we are looking for..

combined it gives an imaginary number.. different values of x and y, which will not give you a unique answer..
E
you may search for DS and you will get a way to move around these type of Qs..best of luck
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2015, 00:54
Thanks Chetan.
So the answer is C - Neither 1 or 2 is sufficient ?
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Re: What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2015, 01:02
1
chetan2u wrote:
porvakanti wrote:
Hi,
I'm new here. I'd like to know how to solve the below problem:

What is the value of x2 – y2?
I) x+ y= 66
II) xy = 9
A] I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient
B] II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient
C] Neither I nor II is sufficient
D] Both I and II together are sufficient

A brief approach to solve would be very helful.

Thanks in Advance



Hi,
firstly the Q does not seem to be a correct one..
what is DS..
you have a statement,.."What is the value of x2 – y2?..
can this be answered by any of the statement?" is what you have to look for..
what is x^2-y^2? (x-y)(x+y)...
so elther we know teh values of the difference and sum of two numbers or thevalues of x and y..
lets see the statements.
1)x+ y= 66.... we rae yet to know x-y.. insuff
2)xy=9.. again nothing what we are looking for..

combined it gives an imaginary number..

you may search for DS and you will get a way to move around these type of Qs..best of luck


According to my calculation the system of equation does not give imaginary numbers. Can you please check again?
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Re: What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2015, 01:14
Bunuel wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
porvakanti wrote:
Hi,
I'm new here. I'd like to know how to solve the below problem:

What is the value of x2 – y2?
I) x+ y= 66
II) xy = 9



According to my calculation the system of equation does not give imaginary numbers. Can you please check again?


hi Bunuel,
I have the two statements which give me teh sum of the roots and product of the roots..
with these info , I can make the Quad eq as.
x^2-66x+9=0...
Also by substituting the value of y obtained from stat II, I would get the same eq..
in the eq above, if I find the Discriminant..
D=\(\sqrt{(b^2-4ac)}\)....
which is \(\sqrt{(66^2-4*9)}\), which is going to besquare root of a negat....,
after writing till here, i realize ofcourse it will be positive,... an oversight
thanks
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2015, 01:17
porvakanti wrote:
Thanks Chetan.
So the answer is C - Neither 1 or 2 is sufficient ?


Hi since none are sufficient and combined too they are not suff,
answer will be E,
answer will be C, when you get a certain answer after you have combine the info provided by the two statement
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2015, 07:37
According to Question: value of x^2-y^2 ?

Statement 1: x+y=66
x^2-y^2=(x+y)(x-y)==>(66)(x-y)==> No value . NOT SUFF

Statement 2: xy=9
x^2-y^2=(x+y)(x-y)==> no meaning of xy=9. No value . NOT SUFF

Combining (1)+(2) , no ans, no value. NOT SUFF

ANS: E
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Re: What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2015, 06:45
porvakanti wrote:
What is the value of x^2 – y^2?

(1) x + y = 66
(2) xy = 9


x^2-y^2 = (x+y)(x-y)

Using (1) and (2) this question can be solved by using the following formula:
(x+y)^2 = (x-y)^2 + 4xy.

By (1) we have the value of (x+y) and by (2) we have the value of xy.
Putting them both in the above equation will help us get (x-y).
So we have the values of (x+y) as well as (x-y).

Thus C.
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New post 21 Dec 2015, 07:35
1
umodi wrote:
porvakanti wrote:
What is the value of x^2 – y^2?

(1) x + y = 66
(2) xy = 9


x^2-y^2 = (x+y)(x-y)

Using (1) and (2) this question can be solved by using the following formula:
(x+y)^2 = (x-y)^2 + 4xy.

By (1) we have the value of (x+y) and by (2) we have the value of xy.
Putting them both in the above equation will help us get (x-y).
So we have the values of (x+y) as well as (x-y).

Thus C.


Hi,
a good approach to the Q but the last step is not correct..
what you finally get is the value of (x-y)^2...
and this will give you two answers for x-y, one positive and one negative..
here (x+y)^2 = (x-y)^2 + 4xy...
(66)^2 = (x-y)^2 + 4*9..
so .(x-y)^2=66^2-36..
so x-y= \(\sqrt{66^2-36}\) or -\(\sqrt{66^2-36}\)..
so insuff..hope it helped
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2018, 05:43
porvakanti wrote:
What is the value of x^2 – y^2?

(1) x + y = 66
(2) xy = 9



Can you provide a solution pushpitkc
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Re: What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2018, 06:32
harikrish wrote:
porvakanti wrote:
What is the value of x^2 – y^2?

(1) x + y = 66
(2) xy = 9


Can you provide a solution pushpitkc


The individual statements are not enough. But when we combine the
information in both the statements, we know that the quadratic equation
will be x^2 - (sum of roots)x + product of roots = 0 -> x^2 -66x + 9=0

The roots of this equation are
\(\frac{66 + \sqrt4320}{2} = 33 + 32.86 = 65.86\) (approximately)
\(\frac{66 - \sqrt4320}{2} = 33 - 32.86 = 0.14\) (approximately)

If there are two roots, the value of x^2 - y^2 will not be unique. (Insufficient - Option E)
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What is the value of x^2 – y^2?  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2018, 09:46
porvakanti wrote:
What is the value of x^2 – y^2?

(1) x + y = 66
(2) xy = 9


OA:E
What is the value of \(x^2 – y^2\) or \((x-y)(x+y)\)?

(1) \(x + y = 66\)
We are given the value of \(x + y\), and not given the value of \(x-y\)
So Statement 1 alone is not sufficient.

(2) \(xy = 9\)
The product of \(xy\) is given but we cannot find either individual value of \(x\) and \(y\) or value of expression of \(x^2 – y^2\) or \((x-y)(x+y)\)
So Statement 2 alone is not sufficient.

Combining 1 and 2, we get

\(x + y = 66\)
\((x-y)^2 =(x + y)^2-4xy\)
\((x-y)^2=(66)^2-4*9=(66)^2-(6)^2 =(66+6)(66-6)=72*60=2^1*3^1*5^1*12^2\)
\(x-y = ±12\sqrt{30}\)
So Expression \(x^2 – y^2\) can have 2 values : \(12*66*\sqrt{30}\) or \(-12*66*\sqrt{30}\)
Combining (1) and (2) will also not give unique value of expression \(x^2 – y^2\)
What is the value of x^2 – y^2? &nbs [#permalink] 24 Aug 2018, 09:46
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