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Math Expert V
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What is the value of xy - yz? (1) y = 2 (2) x - z = 5  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   5% (low)

Question Stats: 90% (00:27) correct 10% (00:50) wrong based on 135 sessions

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What is the value of xy - yz?

(1) y = 2

(2) x - z = 5

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Joined: 17 Mar 2018
Posts: 69
What is the value of xy - yz? (1) y = 2 (2) x - z = 5  [#permalink]

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What is the value of xy - yz?

y(x-z)?

(1) y = 2
=> 2(x-z) Not Sufficient.

(2) x - z = 5
=> y(5) Not Sufficient.

(1)+(2)
xy-yz= y(x-z)= 2(5)= 10 Sufficient

Ans= C
GMAT Club Legend  V
Joined: 11 Sep 2015
Posts: 4999
GMAT 1: 770 Q49 V46
What is the value of xy - yz? (1) y = 2 (2) x - z = 5  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
What is the value of xy - yz?

(1) y = 2
(2) x - z = 5

Important: Notice that we can take xy - yz and factor out the y to get the following equivalent expression: y(x - z)

Target question: What is the value of y(x - z)?

Statement 1: y = 2
Our goal is to determine the value of y(x - z)
We now know the value of y, but we don't know the value of (x - z)
Statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: x - z = 5
Our goal is to determine the value of y(x - z)
We now know the value of (x - z), but we don't know the value of y
Statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT

Statements 1 and 2 combined
Statement 1 tells us that y = 2
Statement 2 tells us that x - z = 5
So, y(x - z) = 2(5) = 10
Since we can answer the target question with certainty, the combined statements are SUFFICIENT

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: What is the value of xy - yz? (1) y = 2 (2) x - z = 5  [#permalink]

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The question has three variables.
A has the value of only y..since we don't have the values of x and z, we cannot find the value of y(x-z). So Insufficient
B gives the value of x-z but not y. So Insufficient.
But together, we can find y(x-z) using both A and B. So C

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Re: What is the value of xy - yz? (1) y = 2 (2) x - z = 5  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
What is the value of xy - yz?

(1) y = 2

(2) x - z = 5

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.
Visit https://www.mathrevolution.com/gmat/lesson for details.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question. We then recheck the question. We should simplify conditions if necessary.
The question $$xy - yz$$ is equivalent to $$y(x-z)$$ by factoring.

Since we have 3 variables ($$x, y$$ and $$z$$) and 0 equations, E is most likely the answer. So, we should consider conditions 1) & 2) together first. After comparing the number of variables and the number of equations, we can save time by considering conditions 1) & 2) together first.

Conditions 1) & 2)

$$xy - yz = y(x-z) = 2 \cdot 5 = 10$$ since we have $$y = 2$$ and $$x - z = 5$$.

Since both conditions together yield a unique solution, they are sufficient.

In cases where 3 or more additional equations are required, such as for original conditions with “3 variables”, or “4 variables and 1 equation”, or “5 variables and 2 equations”, conditions 1) and 2) usually supply only one additional equation. Therefore, there is an 80% chance that E is the answer, a 15% chance that C is the answer, and a 5% chance that the answer is A, B or D. Since E (i.e. conditions 1) & 2) are NOT sufficient, when taken together) is most likely to be the answer, it is generally most efficient to begin by checking the sufficiency of conditions 1) and 2), when taken together. Obviously, there may be occasions on which the answer is A, B, C or D.
_________________ Re: What is the value of xy - yz? (1) y = 2 (2) x - z = 5   [#permalink] 30 Apr 2020, 20:54

# What is the value of xy - yz? (1) y = 2 (2) x - z = 5  