GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 10 Dec 2018, 16:15

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free lesson on number properties

December 10, 2018

December 10, 2018

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

Practice the one most important Quant section - Integer properties, and rapidly improve your skills.
• ### Free GMAT Prep Hour

December 11, 2018

December 11, 2018

09:00 PM EST

10:00 PM EST

Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. December 11 at 9 PM EST.

# What is value of x - y?

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2011
Posts: 147
What is value of x - y?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2013, 10:04
2
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

69% (00:41) correct 31% (00:55) wrong based on 138 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

What is value of x - y?

(1) $$\frac{(x^2-y^2)}{(x+y)}=6$$
(2) $$(x^2 - 2*x*y + y^2) = 36$$

i picked E but OA given A

_________________

If u can't jump the 700 wall , drill a big hole and cross it .. I can and I WILL DO IT ...need some encouragement and inspirations from U ALL

VP
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1063
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Re: what is the value of X-Y  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2013, 10:22
1
sujit2k7 wrote:
What is value of X - Y?

1. $$\frac{(x^2-y^2)}{(x+y)}=6$$
2. $$(x^2 - 2*x*y + y^2) = 36$$

i picked E but OA given A

1. $$\frac{(x^2-y^2)}{(x+y)}=6$$
$$\frac{(x+y)(x-y)}{(x+y)}=6$$
$$x-y=6$$

Sufficient

2. $$(x^2 - 2*x*y + y^2) = 36$$
$$(x-y)^2 = 36$$
$$x-y= +6, or, -6$$

Not Sufficient

A
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2011
Posts: 147
Re: what is the value of X-Y  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2013, 10:40
But its not given X+Y # 0.
So from A can we deduce X - Y = 6 ?
_________________

If u can't jump the 700 wall , drill a big hole and cross it .. I can and I WILL DO IT ...need some encouragement and inspirations from U ALL

VP
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1063
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Re: what is the value of X-Y  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2013, 10:48
sujit2k7 wrote:
But its not given X+Y # 0.
So from A can we deduce X - Y = 6 ?

You semplify those terms(x+y) : the condition #0 is not necessary here.
Yes, from A we can deduce the answer.
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Dec 2011
Posts: 316
Re: what is the value of X-Y  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2013, 20:13
sujit2k7 wrote:
But its not given X+Y # 0.
So from A can we deduce X - Y = 6 ?

1. (x^2 - y^2) / (x+y) = (x+y)(x-y)/(x+y)
If (x+y) is 0, (x+y)/(x+y) will be 0/0 which is undefined.
In that case (x^2 - y^2) / (x+y) cannot be equal to 6.
That means, we can safely say (x+y) <> 0

So, (x^2 - y^2) / (x+y) = x-y = 6
Sufficient

2. (x^2 -2*x*y + y^2) = 36
--> (x-y)^2 = 6^2
--> x - y = +6 or x - y = -6
Not sufficient

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4489
Re: what is the value of x - y?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Apr 2013, 19:10
sujit2k7 wrote:
What is value of x - y?
(1) $$\frac{(x^2-y^2)}{(x+y)}=6$$
(2) $$(x^2 - 2*x*y + y^2) = 36$$

I want to make something extremely explicit that is implicit in the fine responses of Zarrolou and doe007 above. Everything those two people say is 100% correct, and well explained, but I can see that it might not make perfect sense to someone who is missing some very basic pieces of algebra.

There are three fundamental algebra formulas, three fundamental patterns, that everyone taking the GMAT needs to know cold.

1) The Difference of Squares
$$A^2 - B^2 = (A + B)(A - B)$$

2) The Square of a Sum
$$(A + B)^2 = A^2 + 2AB + B^2$$

3) The Square of a Difference
$$(A - B)^2 = A^2 - 2AB + B^2$$

Here are two blogs that explains the processes you would use to derive or verify these:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/foil-on-th ... expanding/
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/algebra-on ... to-factor/

Here's another blog on the first:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-quant ... o-squares/

It's not just that you need to know them. You need to know them better than you know you own phone number. You need to recognize these patterns in whatever way they appear on the GMAT. The difference between recognizing these patterns and being fluent in them vs. not knowing them at all, is the difference between solving the DS problem at the topic in 30 seconds vs. staring at it in utter frustration, not knowing how to begin. Furthermore, this DS question is not unique. You are guaranteed to see some of these formulas sprinkled throughout the 37 question you see on any GMAT Quant section. GMAT Quant questions are specifically designed to test your knowledge of and fluency with these three patterns, and if you don't know them, any so designed question will be impenetrable to you. Knowing these is absolutely essential for GMAT Quant success.

Without going through a full solution (it's already been done quite handily above), I'll just mention --- in this DS question:
Statement #1 simplifies immensely with the use of the Difference of Squares formula
Statement #2 simplifies immensely with the use of the Square of a Sum formula

BTW, Sujit2k7, it's completely unnecessary to specify in the first that (x + y) is unequal to zero. You see, (x + y) is the denominator of a fraction that equals 6. The only way a fraction can equal any well-defined number is if it's denominator is unequal to zero. If a fraction has a denominator of zero, then any statement involving that fraction and equal sign would be a mathematical obscenity, which never would appear on the GMAT.

Please let me know if anyone reading this has any further questions.

Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Dec 2011
Posts: 316
Re: what is the value of x - y?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Apr 2013, 19:26
mikemcgarry wrote:
It's not just that you need to know them. You need to know them better than you know you own phone number. You need to recognize these patterns in whatever way they appear on the GMAT. The difference between recognizing these patterns and being fluent in them vs. not knowing them at all, is the difference between solving the DS problem at the topic in 30 seconds vs. staring at it in utter frustration, not knowing how to begin. Furthermore, this DS question is not unique. You are guaranteed to see some of these formulas sprinkled throughout the 37 question you see on any GMAT Quant section. GMAT Quant questions are specifically designed to test your knowledge of and fluency with these three patterns, and if you don't know them, any so designed question will be impenetrable to you. Knowing these is absolutely essential for GMAT Quant success.

Mike, well said. All the required algebraic and geometric formulas need to be well absorbed so that those formulas can become handy to respond to the questions quickly and correctly during GMAT exam where every second is precious.
Manager
Joined: 16 May 2017
Posts: 57
Location: India
WE: General Management (Retail Banking)
Re: What is value of x - y?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Oct 2017, 10:40
Zarrolou wrote:
sujit2k7 wrote:
What is value of X - Y?

1. $$\frac{(x^2-y^2)}{(x+y)}=6$$
2. $$(x^2 - 2*x*y + y^2) = 36$$

i picked E but OA given A

1. $$\frac{(x^2-y^2)}{(x+y)}=6$$
$$\frac{(x+y)(x-y)}{(x+y)}=6$$
$$x-y=6$$

Sufficient

2. $$(x^2 - 2*x*y + y^2) = 36$$
$$(x-y)^2 = 36$$
$$x-y= +6, or, -6$$

Not Sufficient

A
In GMAT are not we supposed to consider +ve roots only, in this case (x-y)^2=36->x-y=6? Please clarify.
_________________

"The harder you work the luckier you get"

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 51072
What is value of x - y?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Oct 2017, 10:52
aghosh54 wrote:
Zarrolou wrote:
sujit2k7 wrote:
What is value of X - Y?

1. $$\frac{(x^2-y^2)}{(x+y)}=6$$
2. $$(x^2 - 2*x*y + y^2) = 36$$

i picked E but OA given A

1. $$\frac{(x^2-y^2)}{(x+y)}=6$$
$$\frac{(x+y)(x-y)}{(x+y)}=6$$
$$x-y=6$$

Sufficient

2. $$(x^2 - 2*x*y + y^2) = 36$$
$$(x-y)^2 = 36$$
$$x-y= +6, or, -6$$

Not Sufficient

A
In GMAT are not we supposed to consider +ve roots only, in this case (x-y)^2=36->x-y=6? Please clarify.

When the GMAT provides the square root sign for an even root, such as a square root, fourth root, etc. then the only accepted answer is the positive root. That is:

$$\sqrt{9} = 3$$, NOT +3 or -3;
$$\sqrt[4]{16} = 2$$, NOT +2 or -2;

Notice that in contrast, the equation $$x^2 = 9$$ has TWO solutions, +3 and -3. Because $$x^2 = 9$$ means that $$x =-\sqrt{9}=-3$$ or $$x=\sqrt{9}=3$$.
_________________
What is value of x - y? &nbs [#permalink] 30 Oct 2017, 10:52
Display posts from previous: Sort by