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When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at

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When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Mar 2019, 23:58
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When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Originally posted by betterscore on 19 Jul 2012, 10:54.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Mar 2019, 23:58, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2012, 12:55
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betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.


Good problem. Let's take a look at it step-by-step:

Identify the Question Type. We want to "cast ... doubt on the conclusion drawn," so this is definitely a Weaken the Conclusion question.

Deconstruct the Argument. Since it's Weaken, be on the lookout for unstated Assumptions and think about how we could use those to poke holes in the argument.

Here's the basic structure:

Conclusion: High demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents.

Premises: High demand means more money for safety and machine maintenance.

Ok, so what's the Assumption here? We're assuming that "more money spent on safety" = "fewer accidents". How can we pick this apart? Could other factors have an impact on the number of accidents? Absolutely!! We won't be able to predict what "other factors" might pop up in the correct answer, but at least we have a pretty good idea of what to look for.

Restate the Goal. We're trying to Weaken the Conclusion, which for this problem means we want to identify another factor that could actually lead to more accidents even during times of higher demand. Notice how we've basically reframed the question so that it applies to the specifics of this problem. This is something I always try to do on CR before looking at the answer choices.

Work through the Answers, moving from Wrong to Right. Let's take a look:

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.

This could definitely be bad for safety! If we have high demand and spend more on safety, but then hire new workers and don't properly train them, this could provide another factor that leads to more accidents. Leave it in, try to eliminate other choices.

(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.

This is probably relevant, but makes the factory more safe. It actually Strengthens. Eliminate.

(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Same problem as (D). If it is relavent at all, it Strengthens. Eliminate.

So indeed, we're left with (B)!

Major Takeaways:

(1) Stick to your process.
(2) Look for Assumptions on Strengthen/Weaken questions.
(3) Beware "opposite" trap answers (relavent, but strengthens when it should weaken, or vice versa).
(4) State the goal in simple terms that are specific to the question before looking at the answers.
(5) Stick to your process. :wink:

Cheers,
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2012, 02:53
betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.


Looking for a weakner for the following conclusion:
Conclusion: the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

A: Irrelevant
B: Right Contender for CORRECT Choice
C: Irrelevant
D: If management sponsors safety, then it should support and not weaken
E: Again, irrelevant and supports the conclusion

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When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2013, 03:35
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When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Undoubtedly the official answer here is B...I saw A and B as contenders for this question...I assume, had option B not been there A probably could be an answer......High Demand = More Money Spent on safety and machinery = less accident ......I welcome a debate on this
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2013, 04:41
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I'm curious why you think A would be a reasonable answer here? Is it because you think that if employees get higher wages, that will reduce the amount of money available for safety? If you're looking at the question that way, you're making a common CR mistake: you're trying to disprove one of the premises of the argument. The argument tells us that, when demand is high, more money is spent on safety. That is a premise: it is an absolute fact, and it cannot be wrong. Even if answer A is true, and companies pay their employees more when demand is high, it still absolutely must be true that companies also spend more on safety. So A cannot be the answer here.

We need an answer which suggests a reason there might be more accidents when demand is high even though more money is spent on safety. Only B is a good answer: B tells us that when demand is high, not only is more money spent on safety, but something else happens as well: untrained workers are hired. And if the population of workers changes, and particularly if the new workers are not trained, that could increase the accident rate.
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2013, 07:35
ratinarace wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Undoubtedly the official answer here is B...I saw A and B as contenders for this question...I assume, had option B not been there A probably could be an answer......High Demand = More Money Spent on safety and machinery = less accident ......I welcome a debate on this



Can anyone explain why E is considered wrong?
Doesn't it weaken the conclusion that states ' low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance."

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2013, 07:59
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aditya111 wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is considered wrong?
Doesn't it weaken the conclusion that states ' low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance."



Hi Aditya,

The conclusion or the argument is that high demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents and we have to weaken this. The author tries to support the conclusion by stating the fact that higher amount of money is spent on safety and maintenance when demand is high.

(E) says that old machinery is replaced by new ones and that too automated ones. If the machines are new and automated then there will be no need or minimal need to operate manually. It will reduce the chances of injury, even in high demand situations. In fact (E) will strengthen the conclusion and support that there will be less on-the-job accidents.

Hope that helps,

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2014, 03:47
Conclusion can be weakend if we prove that more accidents occur when products are in high demand than in low demand period.

B. Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly. - With new inexperienced workers \ accidents are sure to occur - Weekens the arguement -
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2018, 03:19
nightblade354 VeritasPrepKarishma generis GMATNinja

Can you validate my PoE?

Quote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.


↑ Demand : ↑↑$ spent on safety precautions and maintenance of machinery than when demand is ↓

Conclusion: ↓ no of accidents when demand is ↑


Quote:
Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?


We need to weaken above conclusion.

Quote:
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.


We can weaken by giving ALTERNATE cause (replacing machinery) for the same effect (ie decrease of no of accidents)
Here, we are giving alternate cause for the OPPOSITE effect and hence this answer option is incorrect.
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2018, 04:02
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adkikani wrote:
nightblade354 VeritasPrepKarishma generis GMATNinja

Can you validate my PoE?

Quote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.


↑ Demand : ↑↑$ spent on safety precautions and maintenance of machinery than when demand is ↓

Conclusion: ↓ no of accidents when demand is ↑


Quote:
Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?


We need to weaken above conclusion.

Quote:
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.


We can weaken by giving ALTERNATE cause (replacing machinery) for the same effect (ie decrease of no of accidents)
Here, we are giving alternate cause for the OPPOSITE effect and hence this answer option is incorrect.


You are indeed correct. E is the opposite of what we want. E does not work for this question because it strengthens the conclusion. We want to weaken the conclusion to the best of our abilities, and B does a great job of doing this
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2019, 06:08
Quote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?


The conclusion drawn above is that accidents decrease when demand is high. This author of this statement argues that this is truth since when demand is high, more money is being pumped into the factory to address safety issues. This assumption here is that increased money leads to increased safety. However, that is not always the case.

Though this is not an assumption questions, some plausible objections to the author’s point could be that machine maintenance requires more workers to put their lives at risk, or that higher demand leads to overwork (and overwork leads to more accidents), or that money spent leads to more employees in the factory and overcrowding leads to worse working conditions. I could go on….but you get it. :)

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
This doesn’t affect our conclusion about accident frequency.

(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
Hm, this could explain why accidents might actually INCREASE. Also, quite similar to our anticipated answer.

(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
Again, doesn’t affect our conclusion about accident frequency.

(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
I, too, love awards but this answer choice is very out of scope.

(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.
Hm, if anything, this would support our author. If we’re increasing automation, then people are less likely to be harmed.

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at   [#permalink] 15 Jun 2019, 06:08
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