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When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben

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When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps already having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been the worldwide rise in average IQ score by as much as three points per decade over most of the past century.

(A) When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been

(B) The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect,

(C) When ethnic groups intermarry, they are likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to

(D) Ethnic groups that intermarry will likely result in cognitive benefits; indeed, possibly having contributed to the Flynn effect,

(E) The intermarriage of ethnic groups, likely to result in cognitive benefits, indeed have possibly contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to

Originally posted by bsahil on 15 Aug 2013, 00:04.
Last edited by hazelnut on 24 Sep 2017, 06:00, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2013, 00:23
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bsahil wrote:
When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps already having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been the worldwide rise in average IQ score by as much as three points per decade over most of the past century.

1. When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been
2. The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect,
3. When ethnic groups intermarry, they are likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to
4. Ethnic groups that intermarry will likely result in cognitive benefits; indeed, possibly having contributed to the Flynn effect,
5. The intermarriage of ethnic groups, likely to result in cognitive benefits, indeed have possibly contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to


B.

1. When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been
WRONG.
- USE OF PRONOUN IT is not clear ..as INTERMARRY is a verb here...
- modifier "perhaps having contributed to the Flynn effect"==>is misplaced as it is not clear as what has contributed to flynn effect.

2. The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect,
CORRECT.
-INTERMARRIAGE is singular...verbs : is ...and may have ..correct.(as modal verbs always take plural verbs.)

3. When ethnic groups intermarry, they are likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to
WRONG.
- THEY is referring to GROUPS...so meaning here is GROUPS ==>are likely to result in cognitive benefits ,,...and ....have contributed to flynn effect...which is not the intended meaning rather it is INTERMARRIAGE THAT is contributing and benefiting

4. Ethnic groups that intermarry will likely result in cognitive benefits; indeed, possibly having contributed to the Flynn effect,
WRONG.
- same meaning hanged as in option C
- modifier error as in A.

5. The intermarriage of ethnic groups, likely to result in cognitive benefits, indeed have possibly contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to
WRONG.
- MODIFIER :likely to result in cognitive benefits==>THIS is modifying GROUPS==>NOT CORRECT.
- SUBJECT : INTERMARRIAGE=>SINGULAR....VERB = HAVE==>PLURAL....SUB-VERB disagreement.

hence B
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2013, 03:51
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bsahil wrote:
As per reasoning for E, how "have" is correct in B. I could not understand that.


hi,

there is something called MODAL verbs:

Verbs such as can, could,should, will, would, may, might are modal auxiliary verbs. Most modals are followed by the simple form of the verb (without "to")

example: i can do this///he can do this///they can do this.
i may not go///he may not go////they may not go.===>ALL PLURAL VERB.
i will do this///he will do this///they will do this.
i should do this///he should do this///they should do this.

in option there is the usage of MAY.


hope its clear.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2013, 09:28
This question is mostly based in pronoun error with some subject verb agreement

bsahil wrote:
When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps already having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been the worldwide rise in average IQ score by as much as three points per decade over most of the past century.

1. When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has beenit is an incorrect pronoun
2. The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect,This has correct verb tense, and does not have incorrect pronouns
3. When ethnic groups intermarry, they are likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given torefers to groups - which are not likely to result
4. Ethnic groups that intermarry will likely result in cognitive benefits; indeed, possibly having contributed to the Flynn effect,Again, this sentence says that groups will result, not the intermarriage itself
5. The intermarriage of ethnic groups, likely to result in cognitive benefits, indeed have possibly contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given toIntermarriage is singular and have is plural so this answer in incorrect


Please help me why E is wrong.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2013, 08:09
1. When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been
[it is likely, what is "it" ?] Wrong.

2. The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect,
[Option which corrects all the errors in other sentences. Correct]

3. When ethnic groups intermarry, they are likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to
they are like to result ? "They" = groups, Wrong, Intermarriage of group is responsible for X, not groups themseleves.

4. Ethnic groups that intermarry will likely result in cognitive benefits; indeed, possibly having contributed to the Flynn effect,
likely result = Wrong, Likely to result = Correct

5. The intermarriage of ethnic groups, likely to result in cognitive benefits, indeed have possibly contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to
The intermarriage have possibly contributed to the Flyn Effect. = Wrong, use has instead of have, Also wordy.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2013, 20:24
blueseas wrote:
bsahil wrote:
As per reasoning for E, how "have" is correct in B. I could not understand that.


hi,

there is something called MODAL verbs:

Verbs such as can, could,should, will, would, may, might are modal auxiliary verbs. Most modals are followed by the simple form of the verb (without "to")

example: i can do this///he can do this///they can do this.
i may not go///he may not go////they may not go.===>ALL PLURAL VERB.
i will do this///he will do this///they will do this.
i should do this///he should do this///they should do this.

in option there is the usage of MAY.


hope its clear.



Thanks for the explanation...But can you please elaborate a little more...How have is correct in option B whereas incorrect in E
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2013, 20:36
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Bsahil
E is wrong because the main subject is "The intermarriage" which is singular, thus "have" is incorrect. This is S-V agreement problem.

Hope it helps.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2013, 20:41
pqhai wrote:
Bsahil
E is wrong because the main subject is "The intermarriage" which is singular, thus "have" is incorrect. This is S-V agreement problem.

Hope it helps.



Hi PGHAI....same must be applicable for option B as well...it also has "have"...I dont know what i am not getting in this question...may be i am not able to understand some basic point in it.... :(
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2013, 20:48
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1
bsahil wrote:
pqhai wrote:
Bsahil
E is wrong because the main subject is "The intermarriage" which is singular, thus "have" is incorrect. This is S-V agreement problem.

Hope it helps.



Hi PGHAI....same must be applicable for option B as well...it also has "have"...I dont know what i am not getting in this question...


Hi bsahil
You're right, the main subject in B is "The intermarriage" --> singular verb should be used. BUT pay attention to a modal "MAY" before verb "have". After modal, you always use simple form of the verb.

In addition, the usage "may + have contributed" (may + present perfect) in B also means a possibility in the present.
For example: Alex may have passed the test, but he is not sure.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2013, 21:55
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bsahil wrote:


Thanks for the explanation...But can you please elaborate a little more...How have is correct in option B whereas incorrect in E


lets see whats the difference between these 2 options.

2. The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect,
subject = the intermarriage ==>singular
verbs for this subject = is ....may have
now IS = is singular hence that is OK wrt SUBJECT....BUT HERE MAY HAVE is also ok.
what i said when you have MAY/MIGHT/CAN etc....after this the verb you use will be plural form irrespective of subject
so use of HAS after MAY is wrong and use of HAVE is correct

5. The intermarriage of ethnic groups, likely to result in cognitive benefits, indeed have possibly contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to
subject = the intermarriage ==>singular
verb = have contributed ==>plural
so this is wrong because of sub-verb disagreement.

hope it helps
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2015, 10:10
options C and E have "the name given to" next to Flynn effect.
Can we eliminate C and E since "the name given to" may not be not needed.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2015, 00:10
Yes, you can eliminate C & E - "the name given to" make the sentence wordy and awkward.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2016, 11:32
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When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps already having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been the worldwide rise in average IQ score by as much as three points per decade over most of the past century.

A) When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been

B) The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect,

C) When ethnic groups intermarry, they are likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to

D) Ethnic groups that intermarry will likely result in cognitive benefits; indeed, possibly having contributed to the Flynn effect,

E) The intermarriage of ethnic groups, likely to result in cognitive benefits, indeed have possibly contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to


OA:
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2016, 11:43
According to my understanding, the subject The intermarriage of ethnic groups is singular, it is also evident from the fact that verb is has been used in the first half. But in the second half of the sentence, according to option B, the same subject took plural verb have.

Please explain.

Thank you.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2016, 20:09
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sachin0890 wrote:
According to my understanding, the subject The intermarriage of ethnic groups is singular, it is also evident from the fact that verb is has been used in the first half. But in the second half of the sentence, according to option B, the same subject took plural verb have.

Please explain.

Thank you.


Hi,

Here HAVE does not refer to plural subject...
Whenever you are using MAY, it will contain base/plural form of VERB..

Examples..
He may go to market.... otherwise - He goes to market.
He may have the book... otherwise - He has the book.
He might/may have gone for the movie... otherwise - he has gone for the movie.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2016, 21:30
sachin0890 wrote:
When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps already having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been the worldwide rise in average IQ score by as much as three points per decade over most of the past century.

A) When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive benefits; indeed, perhaps having contributed to the Flynn effect, which has been

B) The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect,

C) When ethnic groups intermarry, they are likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to

D) Ethnic groups that intermarry will likely result in cognitive benefits; indeed, possibly having contributed to the Flynn effect,

E) The intermarriage of ethnic groups, likely to result in cognitive benefits, indeed have possibly contributed to the Flynn effect, the name given to

OA:


Errors in other options marked in red , answer will be (B) straight.....
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2017, 10:46
chetan2u

B) The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect,

I selected (B) because of following understanding

1. 'Have Contributed' shows the effect as reflected by Present Perfect Tense. Was this the main point?
2. Also, The noun modifier after the comma.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 04:07
ravi19012015 wrote:
chetan2u

B) The intermarriage of ethnic groups is likely to result in cognitive benefits and may indeed have contributed to the Flynn effect,

I selected (B) because of following understanding

1. 'Have Contributed' shows the effect as reflected by Present Perfect Tense. Was this the main point?
2. Also, The noun modifier after the comma.



Hi,
if 'may' were not present before have in this sentence then you could not have used plural form as subject 'The intermarriage' is singular.
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2017, 01:19
Hi,
1. Do we need "the name given to" after the Flynn effect?
2. what is the problem with C "they are likely to result in..."; "They" refers to ethnic groups, which is pl., isnt it.

Thanks :))
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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2017, 10:31
Hi Pattamop,
The name given to is redundant in C.
.............Flynn effect, the worldwide rise.... What ever follows the Flynn effect, is acting as a modifier that defines the flynn effect.
2) Yes, you are correct.

Please correct me if i am wrong.

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Re: When ethnic groups intermarry, it is likely to result in cognitive ben   [#permalink] 12 May 2017, 10:31

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