When selecting a specialist for any major medical procedure, : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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When selecting a specialist for any major medical procedure,

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Director
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When selecting a specialist for any major medical procedure, [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2007, 17:55
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When selecting a specialist for any major medical procedure, such as open-heart surgery, the patient should take care to choose the specialist who has performed that procedure the greatest number of times. This is because patients facing major medical procedures should not have to concern themselves with whether or not the selected surgeon is adequately skilled.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

(A) The specialist who has performed a medical procedure the greatest number of times has better-than-average faculty with that procedure.

(B) If a patient experiences anxiety prior to undergoing a certain medical procedure, he or she is less likely to successfully recover from the procedure.

(C) Most patients do not take care to select specialisist on the basis of the specialist's experience with the medical procedure involved.

(D) Patients should disregard the recommendations of their regular physicians when deciding which specialist to select for an unusual medical procedure.

(E) Only the specialist who has performed a specific medical procedure the greatest number of times is capable of carrying out that procedure successfully.

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Director
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29 Sep 2007, 18:17
IMO A

the reasonable assumption is that the more you do a certain task, the better you are than some others that have done the task less than you have.

Choice E, is incorrect because the word "only" suggests an absolute truth.
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29 Sep 2007, 18:19
So, the assumption is that the skill and the number of procedures performed are related.

I had originally thought it was E but ruled it out because its too strong by the use of the word "only" and for other reasons too i'm guessing.

Choices C and D are out as well.

So it's between A and B.
B- doesn't seem to apply to the argument.
A- is the only choice left and does make sense I guess.
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29 Sep 2007, 18:24
eyunni wrote:
When selecting a specialist for any major medical procedure, such as open-heart surgery, the patient should take care to choose the specialist who has performed that procedure the greatest number of times. This is because patients facing major medical procedures should not have to concern themselves with whether or not the selected surgeon is adequately skilled.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

(A) The specialist who has performed a medical procedure the greatest number of times has better-than-average faculty with that procedure.

(B) If a patient experiences anxiety prior to undergoing a certain medical procedure, he or she is less likely to successfully recover from the procedure.

(C) Most patients do not take care to select specialisist on the basis of the specialist's experience with the medical procedure involved.

(D) Patients should disregard the recommendations of their regular physicians when deciding which specialist to select for an unusual medical procedure.

(E) Only the specialist who has performed a specific medical procedure the greatest number of times is capable of carrying out that procedure successfully.

A

It's obvious between A and E
I think E goes too far.
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29 Sep 2007, 18:56
Conclusion: the patient should choose the specialist who has performed that procedure the greatest number of times.

Evidence: patients facing should not have to concern themselves with whether or not the selected surgeon is adequately skilled. (I thought that this evidence didn't quite flow with the above conclusion.)

Based on the conclusion, I know that the assumption is something about the relationship between # of surgical procedures and doctor's skill level.

So, either A or E. I chose A because E was too extreme (the word "only").
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29 Sep 2007, 19:02
eyunni wrote:
When selecting a specialist for any major medical procedure, such as open-heart surgery, the patient should take care to choose the specialist who has performed that procedure the greatest number of times. This is because patients facing major medical procedures should not have to concern themselves with whether or not the selected surgeon is adequately skilled.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

(A) The specialist who has performed a medical procedure the greatest number of times has better-than-average faculty with that procedure.

(B) If a patient experiences anxiety prior to undergoing a certain medical procedure, he or she is less likely to successfully recover from the procedure.

(C) Most patients do not take care to select specialisist on the basis of the specialist's experience with the medical procedure involved.

(D) Patients should disregard the recommendations of their regular physicians when deciding which specialist to select for an unusual medical procedure.

(E) Only the specialist who has performed a specific medical procedure the greatest number of times is capable of carrying out that procedure successfully.

arg- select Dr with max number of procedure and then he won't have to worry.
A and E supports that.

I picked E, but it seems A would be correct.
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29 Sep 2007, 19:08
Path wrote:
eyunni wrote:
When selecting a specialist for any major medical procedure, such as open-heart surgery, the patient should take care to choose the specialist who has performed that procedure the greatest number of times. This is because patients facing major medical procedures should not have to concern themselves with whether or not the selected surgeon is adequately skilled.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

(A) The specialist who has performed a medical procedure the greatest number of times has better-than-average faculty with that procedure.

(B) If a patient experiences anxiety prior to undergoing a certain medical procedure, he or she is less likely to successfully recover from the procedure.

(C) Most patients do not take care to select specialisist on the basis of the specialist's experience with the medical procedure involved.

(D) Patients should disregard the recommendations of their regular physicians when deciding which specialist to select for an unusual medical procedure.

(E) Only the specialist who has performed a specific medical procedure the greatest number of times is capable of carrying out that procedure successfully.

E.

arg- select Dr with max number of procedure and then he won't have to worry.

E supports that

I hope that you are joking. A Dr. in Africa sees 100s of patients a day, President Bush's Dr. only see 1 person a day. At that rate, after 10 years in practice, the Dr. in Africa would likely see more patients than Bush's Dr., I still will take Bush's Dr. opinion over any famous African Dr. anyday of the week.
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29 Sep 2007, 20:11
eyunni wrote:
When selecting a specialist for any major medical procedure, such as open-heart surgery, the patient should take care to choose the specialist who has performed that procedure the greatest number of times. This is because patients facing major medical procedures should not have to concern themselves with whether or not the selected surgeon is adequately skilled.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

(A) The specialist who has performed a medical procedure the greatest number of times has better-than-average faculty with that procedure.

(B) If a patient experiences anxiety prior to undergoing a certain medical procedure, he or she is less likely to successfully recover from the procedure.

(C) Most patients do not take care to select specialisist on the basis of the specialist's experience with the medical procedure involved.

(D) Patients should disregard the recommendations of their regular physicians when deciding which specialist to select for an unusual medical procedure.

(E) Only the specialist who has performed a specific medical procedure the greatest number of times is capable of carrying out that procedure successfully.

I said E for this one.

E does seem extreme now that I read the other posts, but it still strengthens the conclusion.

A is pretty weak, but I guess it too supports the conclusion.

What is the OA?
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30 Sep 2007, 13:20
Both assumptions when negated will collapse the argument. The reasoning that (E) is extreme might be right but still is not the most convincing for me. I have come across a number of CR which have extreme reasoning, especially for assumptions. Can someone please relate another convincing reason for choosing (A) over (E)? OA is (A).

Last edited by eyunni on 01 Oct 2007, 13:09, edited 1 time in total.
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01 Oct 2007, 12:42
eyunni wrote:
Both assumptions when negated will collapse the argument. The reasoning that (E) is extreme might be right but still is not the most convincing for me. I have come across a number of CR which have extreme reasoning, especially for assumptions. Can someone please relate another convincing reasoning for choosing (A) over (E)? OA is (A).

Apart from the fact that E is an extreme choice - also consider the stem carefully. It says the patient should select the doc who has performed the surgery max number of times because the at the time of operation the patient should not worry about the skill of the doctor. This means that the argument is equating the number of times the surgery has been performed with the SKILL of the doctor; You will notice that the STEM does NOT talk specifically about the OUTCOME of the operation itself. The stem only talks about the SKILL of the doctor. It is OBVIOUSLY ASSUMED that when the doc is skilled the operation will be successful; however success or failure is NOT SPECIFICALLY mentioned in the argument.

Now consider choice E again - it talks about the success of the operation whereas choice A is in line with the stem and restricts itself to what's been addressed in the stem - VIZ the skill of the doc and not the outcome of the operation.

One of the key things about GMAT CR questions is that the choice will not only be moderate in tone but will also conform (or agree) with the original stem in meaning and intent both.
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01 Oct 2007, 12:48
I say E.

I interpreted the question to say 'the patient shouldn't concern themselves with whether or not the surgeon is adequately skilled' which means to determine whether or not the surgeon can successfully do the surgery.

A doesn't say this, but merely say he has better than average skills

E clearly implies that the surgeon who hasperformed the most # of surgeries is adequatelly skilled

Is this an OG question? Is there an OE?
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01 Oct 2007, 12:55
I also think E is too strong and so only other choice is A.
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01 Oct 2007, 13:13
I say E.

I interpreted the question to say 'the patient shouldn't concern themselves with whether or not the surgeon is adequately skilled' which means to determine whether or not the surgeon can successfully do the surgery.

A doesn't say this, but merely say he has better than average skills

E clearly implies that the surgeon who hasperformed the most # of surgeries is adequatelly skilled

Is this an OG question? Is there an OE?

It is from Kaplan.
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01 Oct 2007, 13:27
eyunni wrote:
I say E.

I interpreted the question to say 'the patient shouldn't concern themselves with whether or not the surgeon is adequately skilled' which means to determine whether or not the surgeon can successfully do the surgery.

A doesn't say this, but merely say he has better than average skills

E clearly implies that the surgeon who hasperformed the most # of surgeries is adequatelly skilled

Is this an OG question? Is there an OE?

It is from Kaplan.

Ahh, that explains it.

I know with 99% certainty that OG would have E as the answer, not A. But they wouldn't ask a question like this.
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02 Oct 2007, 09:39
what does better than average faculty mean - I thought it meant staff (like faculty in school) so ruled out A.
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03 Oct 2007, 00:54
I am really confused and this is what mostly happens at the end of any CR example I take that I get confused while chosing the best among two leftover choices. Then it becomes the part of your luck, it might or might not be correct.

Here I go for E.
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03 Oct 2007, 03:27
let's stamp A.

what is the OA
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03 Oct 2007, 05:10
OA is A
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03 Oct 2007, 20:53
wow great discussion! it was a toss up between A and E for me but i ended up choosing E regardless of the strong wording. is this just a general rule of thumb? never choose extreme wording even if it seems stronger than the other answer choices?
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06 Mar 2010, 08:49
Between A and E, I marked E during Kaptest. Got it wrong.
Ans A.
Re: CR: Specialists   [#permalink] 06 Mar 2010, 08:49

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