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When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers

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When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 12:20
7
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (01:49) correct 30% (02:00) wrong based on 246 sessions

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When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers to study competitor's practices, the managers found that the difficulties were more serious than they imagined it to be and the competitor had made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and to analyze data from each store and every sales unit and had run a multitude of experiments.

A.) they imagined it to be and the competitor had made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and to analyze data from each store and every sales unit

B.) they imagined and that the competitor had made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and analyze data from each store and every sales unit

C.) they had imagined and the competitor made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and analyze data from each store and every sales unit

D.) they imagined and that the competitor made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and to analyze data from each store and every sales unit

E.) they had imagined and that the competitor had made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and analyze data from each store and every sales unit

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Re: When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 19:53
1
When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers to study competitor's practices, the managers found that the difficulties were more serious than they imagined it to be and the competitor had made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and to analyze data from each store and every sales unit and had run a multitude of experiments.

The question is alll about PARALLELISM in gather, integrate and analyze and about the tense issue on three things : The managers found; the managers imagined; and competitors had done. So, the two later activities 'the managers imagined' and 'competitors had done' have happened prior to "the managers found' and therefore, should be in past perfect tense that is the verb should contain HAD.

A.) they imagined it to be and the competitor had made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and to analyze data from each store and every sales unit
Imagined requires HAD; to gather, integrate, and to analyze data NOT parallel; imagined IT to be is wrong

B.) they imagined and that the competitor had made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and analyze data from each store and every sales unit
Imagined requires HAD;

C.) they had imagined and the competitor made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and analyze data from each store and every sales unit
'the competitor made' requires HAD;

D.) they imagined and that the competitor made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and to analyze data from each store and every sales unit
Imagined requires HAD; 'the competitor made' requires HAD; to gather, integrate, and to analyze data NOT parallel;

E.) they had imagined and that the competitor had made huge investments in a survey to gather, integrate, and analyze data from each store and every sales unit
Correct

E
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Re: When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 03:35
Hi

From what I know:
we use past perfect tense to show the sequence between related events.
For example:
Ram found that the dinosaurs were extinct for over a century.
IN this case Ram can only find about the extinction after it happens. Hence the usage of past perfect tense in this case would have been incorrect.

Coming to this question:
I feel the managers finding and the company making huge investments are not related events i.e their sequencing is clear even without the past perfect tense.
The managers can only find something after the company's competitors do something.

So how can Competitors made huge investments be correct.

Looking forward too a healthy discussion.
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Re: When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 05:01
There are three events:
1. CEO assigned the work
2. Managers finding competitor
3. Competitor making huge investments.

So, when CEO summoned, the managers thought of some x estimate. Here, we are not sure of the timing of these thoughts. Whether they had imagined before the summon or imagined after summoned? Not sure. So, option B is ambiguous, since it can also mean that, managers imagined when CEO summoned. In reality, the competitor already had some advantages and the managers already knew the fact. This is not established in B and conveyed only through E

nitesh50 wrote:
Hi

From what I know:
we use past perfect tense to show the sequence between related events.
For example:
Ram found that the dinosaurs were extinct for over a century.
IN this case Ram can only find about the extinction after it happens. Hence the usage of past perfect tense in this case would have been incorrect.

Coming to this question:
I feel the managers finding and the company making huge investments are not related events i.e their sequencing is clear even without the past perfect tense.
The managers can only find something after the company's competitors do something.

So how can Competitors made huge investments be correct.

Looking forward too a healthy discussion.
GMATNinja
VeritasKarishma
DmitryFarber
daagh
chetan2u
egmat
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Re: When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 23:40
"managers imagined" this is before "managers found"

therefore, we required "had imagined" to properly lay out the timeline

(E) is correct, though (B) looks enticing
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Re: When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 02:18
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Let's make life simple: First, the imaginations were prior to their finding the reality. Therefore, 'imagined' has to be 'had imagined'. Only C and E survive.

Second, the competitors had made the investments much before these manager came to be aware. It is not that the competitor made those huge investments as soon as the managers started to investigate. Therefore, the investment part also requires a past perfect. C wrongly uses a simple past as if both the events occurred concurrently.

E remains the ultimate choice

No need for further elaboration, I feel
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Re: When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2019, 22:58
we have to use had in the " Company making investment par " otherwise we can not make this parallel because at last there is had.

nitesh50 wrote:
Hi

From what I know:
we use past perfect tense to show the sequence between related events.
For example:
Ram found that the dinosaurs were extinct for over a century.
IN this case Ram can only find about the extinction after it happens. Hence the usage of past perfect tense in this case would have been incorrect.

Coming to this question:
I feel the managers finding and the company making huge investments are not related events i.e their sequencing is clear even without the past perfect tense.
The managers can only find something after the company's competitors do something.

So how can Competitors made huge investments be correct.

Looking forward too a healthy discussion.
GMATNinja
VeritasKarishma
DmitryFarber
daagh
chetan2u
egmat

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Re: When the CEO summoned a group of senior marketing managers   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2019, 22:58
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