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When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international

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When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2019, 08:58
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based on 150 sessions

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based on 160 sessions

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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 441, Date: 09-Nov-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international scene in the first world war, scholars began to ponder the historical development of American combat style. Colonial America's style of warfare was based on the European philosophy of war, but battles with Native Americans forced the colonial militias to create a uniquely American style by employing a guerrilla-like style of combat. Although all scholars acknowledge that, from their inception, American forces used a less restrained style of fighting, it is unclear to what level the American army broke away from the teachings of its European predecessors.

According to one account, as the American colonists began fighting with their Native American neighbors, they were forced to veer away from their European military training and use a rougher combat style better fit for fighting in the wilderness. The Americans' goal of war with the Native Americans was not to defeat a standing army but to incapacitate the Native Americans' capability to resist their colonization efforts. To achieve this aim, colonists attacked noncombatants and their property, means that contemporary European militants believed improper. As the fighting with the Native Americans became commonplace, colonial Americans began to perceive war in more absolute terms.

This historical account ignores important pieces of evidence that show the extent to which early Americans followed in the footsteps of their European military counterparts. A prime example of instilled European mores comes from Connecticut, one of the earliest colonies. The government of Connecticut refused military aid to its neighboring colony Massachusetts when the latter was engaged in a conflict considered below the civilized code of conduct with the Native Americans. George Washington, at the time of the Revolution the foremost general in the American army, structured the Continental Army as a copy of the British army he was fighting, even though the American military lacked the resources or time to bring its recruits to the latter's professional level. Washington's memoirs detail his fear of violating the rules of war and thereby tarnishing America's dignity.

Spoiler: :: OA
C

1. Which of the following examples is most similar to the shaping of America's style of combat?

A. Because of his inherited artistic talents and his parents' wish that he become an artist, Oliver became a painter.
B. Jeff's parents are both musically inclined, and Jeff inherited his musical talent from them.
C. Giselle inherited her passive personality from her father but has learned to assert herself when needed.
D. Julia's competitive nature is a result of the pressure to succeed placed upon her by her teachers at school.
E. Alice learned to be aggressive from playing violent video games.


Spoiler: :: OA
A

2. According to the passage, what effect did fighting with the Native Americans have on colonial Americans?

A. They allowed colonial Americans to develop fighting techniques not used by European armies.
B. They allowed colonial Americans to gain military experience.
C. They caused colonial Americans to lose the support of Europeans.
D. They incapacitated Native Americans' ability to resist the colonial Americans' colonization efforts.
E. They made colonial Americans copy the fighting style of the Native Americans.


Spoiler: :: OA
E

3. The author of the passage is chiefly concerned with

A. arguing that America's unique style of combat was derived from battles with Native Americans
B. showing what factors created America's unique style of combat
C. describing America's unique style of combat
D. arguing that America's unique style of combat was derived from the European philosophy of war
E. debating the amount of influence that battles with Native Americans and the European philosophy of war had upon the American style of combat


Spoiler: :: OA
C

4. One function of the first paragraph is to

A. propose a theory to be disproved
B. explain the author's position in a scholarly argument
C. introduce an observation to be elaborated upon
D. pose a question to be resolved
E. dissent from an accepted position


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Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2019, 13:06
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1. Which of the following examples is most similar to the shaping of America's style of combat?

America developed a new style to function better when fighting with the Natives, Similarily, in C...she has adapted by herself.

A. Because of his inherited artistic talents and his parents' wish that he become an artist, Oliver became a painter.
B. Jeff's parents are both musically inclined, and Jeff inherited his musical talent from them.
C. Giselle inherited her passive personality from her father but has learned to assert herself when needed.
D. Julia's competitive nature is a result of the pressure to succeed placed upon her by her teachers at school.
E. Alice learned to be aggressive from playing violent video games.

2. According to the passage, what effect did fighting with the Native Americans have on colonial Americans?

The effect was a new style was developed

A. They allowed colonial Americans to develop fighting techniques not used by European armies.
B. They allowed colonial Americans to gain military experience.
C. They caused colonial Americans to lose the support of Europeans.
D. They incapacitated Native Americans' ability to resist the colonial Americans' colonization efforts. - True, but not an effect
E. They made colonial Americans copy the fighting style of the Native Americans.

3. The author of the passage is chiefly concerned with

Introducing a theory, reasons why it came about, counterpoints against it...only E goes with this.

A. arguing that America's unique style of combat was derived from battles with Native Americans
B. showing what factors created America's unique style of combat
C. describing America's unique style of combat
D. arguing that America's unique style of combat was derived from the European philosophy of war
E. debating the amount of influence that battles with Native Americans and the European philosophy of war had upon the American style of combat

4. One function of the first paragraph is to

A. propose a theory to be disproved
B. explain the author's position in a scholarly argument
C. introduce an observation to be elaborated upon - Correct
D. pose a question to be resolved
E. dissent from an accepted position
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Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2019, 11:40
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SajjadAhmad For 3rd question option B is also correct ......please explain how to eliminate it
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Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2019, 21:58
1
1. Which of the following examples is most similar to the shaping of America's style of combat?

A. This option would mean that the Americans inherited the fighting style of Europeans and never changed it.
B. This option would mean Same as (A)
C. Giselle inherited her passive personality from her father"- refers to Americans fighting the European style. "but has learned to assert herself when needed" - refers to Americans becoming more aggressive, to fight the native Americans.
D. Julia's competitive nature is a result of the pressure to succeed placed upon her by her teachers at school.
E. This option implies the Americans were always aggressive i.e guerrilla fighting style which is wrong.

2. According to the passage, what effect did fighting with the Native Americans have on colonial Americans?

A. This option is perfect! exactly what we are looking for. Americans developed their own unique fighting style not used by Europeans ever before.
B. While this might true, it is irrelevant to this question.
C. This hasn't been mentioned anywhere in the passage.
D. Irrelevant.
E. "copy" is problematic and extreme.

3. The author of the passage is chiefly concerned with

A. Not just European style of war, but with also from battling with Native Americans. (this option misses the former)
B. this is just a part of the overarching, main topic of discussion.
C. this is just a part of the overarching, main topic of discussion.
D. Not just European style of war, but with also from battling with Native Americans. (this option misses the latter)
E. This option covers the all the parts of discussion in Paragraph 1 , 2 and 3.

4. One function of the first paragraph is to

A. there no theory per se being put forward, besides nothing here is being "disapproved"
B. "scholarly argument"? not quite sure if this is one.
C. Bingo! the author introduces a certain Idea in the first paragraph, which is explained further in the second paragraph.
D. No question is posed here. Just the author analyzing a particular topic and it's detailed accounts.
E. there is no form of dissent here. Just the author analyzing a particular topic and it's detailed accounts

Hope this helps and please correct if i'm wrong.

Thank you :)
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Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2019, 11:18
Midhilesh489 wrote:
SajjadAhmad For 3rd question option B is also correct ......please explain how to eliminate it


This question asks us to identify the Main Idea of the passage. To answer this question correctly, all we need is the information gathered in our Initial Reading:

Paragraph I: The American unique style of warfare was affected by the European philosophy of war and battles against Native Americans

Paragraph II: some scholars think battles with Native Americans significantly affected the American style of combat

Paragraph III: The author believes that the above opinion is faulty because it ignores the influence of the European model

Now compare answer option (B) and (E).
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Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2019, 20:33
Please explain 1 as why. Cis better than d
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Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2019, 10:23
mayank1313 wrote:
Please explain 1 as why. Cis better than d


Hello mayank1313

This is an Application question. First we must understand how the passage explains the shaping of America's style of combat and see which answer choice embodies the same principle. We find this information in the second sentence of the first paragraph.

From this sentence, we learn that the American army "inherited" a European style of warfare, faced a circumstance for which it was unsuitable, and adapted it accordingly. This process can be visualized as: inheritance >> unsuitable circumstances >> adaptation.

Giselle inherited a certain trait, and when faced with a challenge, she adapted.

Answer: C
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Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2020, 19:48
For question No 4
last lines of 1st paragraph and first few lines of second paragraph not pose a question and answer it later?
I am confused if option D is also probable

" Although all scholars acknowledge that, from their inception, American forces used a less restrained style of fighting, it is unclear to what level the American army broke away from the teachings of its European predecessors.

According to one account, as the American colonists began fighting with their Native American neighbors, they were forced to veer away from their European military training and use a rougher combat style better fit for fighting in the wilderness"
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Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2020, 19:48

When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international

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