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When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international

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Senior RC Moderator
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Posts: 4591
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When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2019, 09:58
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 441, Date: 09-Nov-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international scene in the first world war, scholars began to ponder the historical development of American combat style. Colonial America's style of warfare was based on the European philosophy of war, but battles with Native Americans forced the colonial militias to create a uniquely American style by employing a guerrilla-like style of combat. Although all scholars acknowledge that, from their inception, American forces used a less restrained style of fighting, it is unclear to what level the American army broke away from the teachings of its European predecessors.

According to one account, as the American colonists began fighting with their Native American neighbors, they were forced to veer away from their European military training and use a rougher combat style better fit for fighting in the wilderness. The Americans' goal of war with the Native Americans was not to defeat a standing army but to incapacitate the Native Americans' capability to resist their colonization efforts. To achieve this aim, colonists attacked noncombatants and their property, means that contemporary European militants believed improper. As the fighting with the Native Americans became commonplace, colonial Americans began to perceive war in more absolute terms.

This historical account ignores important pieces of evidence that show the extent to which early Americans followed in the footsteps of their European military counterparts. A prime example of instilled European mores comes from Connecticut, one of the earliest colonies. The government of Connecticut refused military aid to its neighboring colony Massachusetts when the latter was engaged in a conflict considered below the civilized code of conduct with the Native Americans. George Washington, at the time of the Revolution the foremost general in the American army, structured the Continental Army as a copy of the British army he was fighting, even though the American military lacked the resources or time to bring its recruits to the latter's professional level. Washington's memoirs detail his fear of violating the rules of war and thereby tarnishing America's dignity.

Spoiler: :: OA
C

1. Which of the following examples is most similar to the shaping of America's style of combat?

A. Because of his inherited artistic talents and his parents' wish that he become an artist, Oliver became a painter.
B. Jeff's parents are both musically inclined, and Jeff inherited his musical talent from them.
C. Giselle inherited her passive personality from her father but has learned to assert herself when needed.
D. Julia's competitive nature is a result of the pressure to succeed placed upon her by her teachers at school.
E. Alice learned to be aggressive from playing violent video games.


Spoiler: :: OA
A

2. According to the passage, what effect did fighting with the Native Americans have on colonial Americans?

A. They allowed colonial Americans to develop fighting techniques not used by European armies.
B. They allowed colonial Americans to gain military experience.
C. They caused colonial Americans to lose the support of Europeans.
D. They incapacitated Native Americans' ability to resist the colonial Americans' colonization efforts.
E. They made colonial Americans copy the fighting style of the Native Americans.


Spoiler: :: OA
E

3. The author of the passage is chiefly concerned with

A. arguing that America's unique style of combat was derived from battles with Native Americans
B. showing what factors created America's unique style of combat
C. describing America's unique style of combat
D. arguing that America's unique style of combat was derived from the European philosophy of war
E. debating the amount of influence that battles with Native Americans and the European philosophy of war had upon the American style of combat


Spoiler: :: OA
C

4. One function of the first paragraph is to

A. propose a theory to be disproved
B. explain the author's position in a scholarly argument
C. introduce an observation to be elaborated upon
D. pose a question to be resolved
E. dissent from an accepted position


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Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2019, 02:16
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Joined: 06 Mar 2018
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Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2019, 14:06
1. Which of the following examples is most similar to the shaping of America's style of combat?

America developed a new style to function better when fighting with the Natives, Similarily, in C...she has adapted by herself.

A. Because of his inherited artistic talents and his parents' wish that he become an artist, Oliver became a painter.
B. Jeff's parents are both musically inclined, and Jeff inherited his musical talent from them.
C. Giselle inherited her passive personality from her father but has learned to assert herself when needed.
D. Julia's competitive nature is a result of the pressure to succeed placed upon her by her teachers at school.
E. Alice learned to be aggressive from playing violent video games.

2. According to the passage, what effect did fighting with the Native Americans have on colonial Americans?

The effect was a new style was developed

A. They allowed colonial Americans to develop fighting techniques not used by European armies.
B. They allowed colonial Americans to gain military experience.
C. They caused colonial Americans to lose the support of Europeans.
D. They incapacitated Native Americans' ability to resist the colonial Americans' colonization efforts. - True, but not an effect
E. They made colonial Americans copy the fighting style of the Native Americans.

3. The author of the passage is chiefly concerned with

Introducing a theory, reasons why it came about, counterpoints against it...only E goes with this.

A. arguing that America's unique style of combat was derived from battles with Native Americans
B. showing what factors created America's unique style of combat
C. describing America's unique style of combat
D. arguing that America's unique style of combat was derived from the European philosophy of war
E. debating the amount of influence that battles with Native Americans and the European philosophy of war had upon the American style of combat

4. One function of the first paragraph is to

A. propose a theory to be disproved
B. explain the author's position in a scholarly argument
C. introduce an observation to be elaborated upon - Correct
D. pose a question to be resolved
E. dissent from an accepted position
GMAT Club Bot
Re: When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international   [#permalink] 12 Nov 2019, 14:06
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When the unique style of American warfare burst onto the international

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