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Director  Joined: 29 Nov 2012
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Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded region to the left?

A. $$\sqrt{x^2+ 1}$$< 3

B. |2x - 3| < 5

C. |x + 1| > -1

D. x - 2 < 2

E. |x - 1| < 4

How to solve this question without plugging in values?
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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2 Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded region to the left?

From the diagram we know that $$-1<x<4$$.

A. $$\sqrt{x^2+ 1}< 3$$ --> square the inequality (we can do this since both sides are non-negative): $$x^2+1<9$$ --> $$x^2<8$$ --> $$-2\sqrt{2}<x<2\sqrt{2}$$.

B. |2x - 3| < 5 --> $$-5<2x - 3<5$$ --> add 3 to each part: $$-2<2x<8$$ --> reduce by 2: $$-1<x<4$$. BINGO!

C. |x + 1| > -1. No need to test this one. The absolute value is always more than or equal to zero, thus this inequality holds for any value of x.

D. x - 2 < 2 --> $$x<4$$.

E. |x - 1| < 4 --> $$-4<x - 1<4$$ --> add 1 to each part: $$-3<x<5$$.

Does this make sense?
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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No need to plug here , from the shaded region we know that -1<x<4 so all you have to do is to check the answer choices whether they match with the given inequality

l 2x-3 l< 5 means that -5 < 2x - 3 < 5
--> -2 < 2x < 8
--> -1 < x < 4

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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded region to the left?

From the diagram we know that $$-1<x<4$$.

A. $$\sqrt{x^2+ 1}< 3$$ --> square the inequality (we can do this since both sides are non-negative): $$x^2+1<9$$ --> $$x^2<8$$ --> $$-2\sqrt{2}<x<2\sqrt{2}$$.

B. |2x - 3| < 5 --> $$-5<2x - 3<5$$ --> add 3 to each part: $$-2<2x<8$$ --> reduce by 2: $$-1<x<4$$. BINGO!

C. |x + 1| > -1. No need to test this one. The absolute value is always more than or equal to zero, thus this inequality holds for any value of x.

D. x - 2 < 2 --> $$x<4$$.

E. |x - 1| < 4 --> $$-4<x - 1<4$$ --> add 1 to each part: $$-3<x<5$$.

Does this make sense?

Hi Bunuel,

This does make sense. A lil doubt here  I would like to understand the red colored bit above. How did you reach to the conclusion? I am sorry if the question sounds silly, but I am trying to learn the correct ways to handle such problems and I take it from the forum that you are the best goto guy for this.  Vaibhav.
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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vabhs192003 wrote:
Bunuel wrote: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded region to the left?

From the diagram we know that $$-1<x<4$$.

A. $$\sqrt{x^2+ 1}< 3$$ --> square the inequality (we can do this since both sides are non-negative): $$x^2+1<9$$ --> $$x^2<8$$ --> $$-2\sqrt{2}<x<2\sqrt{2}$$.

B. |2x - 3| < 5 --> $$-5<2x - 3<5$$ --> add 3 to each part: $$-2<2x<8$$ --> reduce by 2: $$-1<x<4$$. BINGO!

C. |x + 1| > -1. No need to test this one. The absolute value is always more than or equal to zero, thus this inequality holds for any value of x.

D. x - 2 < 2 --> $$x<4$$.

E. |x - 1| < 4 --> $$-4<x - 1<4$$ --> add 1 to each part: $$-3<x<5$$.

Does this make sense?

Hi Bunuel,

This does make sense. A lil doubt here  I would like to understand the red colored bit above. How did you reach to the conclusion? I am sorry if the question sounds silly, but I am trying to learn the correct ways to handle such problems and I take it from the forum that you are the best goto guy for this.  Vaibhav.

Not sure what to add...

|x + 1| is an absolute value --> absolute value is always more than or equal to zero $$|some \ expresseion|\geq{0}$$, thus $$|x + 1|\geq{0}$$ no matter the value of x --> $$|x + 1|\geq{0}>-1$$.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded region to the left?

A. √(x^2+ 1) < 3
B. |2x - 3| < 5
C. |x + 1| > -1
D. x - 2 < 2
E. |x - 1| < 4

Quickly rule out D as it is simply x<4 (i.e. x is between 4 and negative infinity)

Quickly going through the list, B.) looks to be a promising choice, so let's try that:

|2x - 3| < 5
2x - 3 < 5
2x < 8
x<4
OR
-(2x - 3) < 5
-2x + 3 < 5
-2x < 2
x > -1

So: -1 < x < 4

(B)
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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Dear Team,

Shouldn't the answer choice B be -1<=x<=4 instead of -1<x<4?
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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mylifeisoracle wrote:
Dear Team,

Shouldn't the answer choice B be -1<=x<=4 instead of -1<x<4?

We have strict inequality in |2x - 3| < 5, so solution should be as written: -1 < x < 4. Substitute the endpoints of the range (-1 and 4) to see that for them |2x - 3| < 5 does not hold true.
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
mylifeisoracle wrote:
Dear Team,

Shouldn't the answer choice B be -1<=x<=4 instead of -1<x<4?

We have strict inequality in |2x - 3| < 5, so solution should be as written: -1 < x < 4. Substitute the endpoints of the range (-1 and 4) to see that for them |2x - 3| < 5 does not hold true.

Exatly, since it doesn't hold true for the endpoints, how can (B) be correct? Even though the endpoints in the picture make it seems as if those integer values are included in the range, (B) omits them. This is not intuitive, if (B) tells us that its inequality does NOTnecessarily hold true for the endpoints, that doesn't implicity mean that (B) asumes the endpoints in fact are "= 5", right?
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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aeglorre wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
mylifeisoracle wrote:
Dear Team,

Shouldn't the answer choice B be -1<=x<=4 instead of -1<x<4?

We have strict inequality in |2x - 3| < 5, so solution should be as written: -1 < x < 4. Substitute the endpoints of the range (-1 and 4) to see that for them |2x - 3| < 5 does not hold true.

Exatly, since it doesn't hold true for the endpoints, how can (B) be correct? Even though the endpoints in the picture make it seems as if those integer values are included in the range, (B) omits them. This is not intuitive, if (B) tells us that its inequality does NOTnecessarily hold true for the endpoints, that doesn't implicity mean that (B) asumes the endpoints in fact are "= 5", right?

Not sure I understand what you mean. The shaded region gives $$-1<x<4$$ and option B also gives $$-1<x<4$$. Thus B is correct. No other option gives this range, no matter whether you include endpoints on the diagram in the inequality or not.
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Not sure I understand what you mean. The shaded region gives $$-1<x<4$$ and option B also gives $$-1<x<4$$. Thus B is correct. No other option gives this range, no matter whether you include endpoints on the diagram in the inequality or not.

What Im trying to say is that I interpret the shaded region as saying $$-1<=x<=4$$, since both -1 and 4 are "covered" by the shaded area (at least it seems so to me). Thus, x could be -1 or it could be 4. But $$-1<x<4$$ means that x cannot be either -1 or 4, and this is what confuses me. Either I am misinterpreting the shaded area, or I lack a fundamental understanding of inequalities.
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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Can someone help me understand why my approach is not getting me to the right answer?

First, I found the length from -1 to 4, which is 5. Then I found the center, which is (4-1)/2, so 3/2.

Then I tried to write the equation: |x - 3/2| < (5-3/2) ---> |x - 3/2| < 7/2 ---> |(2x - 3)/2| < 7/2 ---> |2x-3| < 7

Why is |2x-3| < 7 wrong and the actual answer is |2x-3| < 5? What did I do wrong? Thanks!!
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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Hi happyface101,

Your calculation includes values that are GREATER than 4 and LESS than -1, and those values fall outside the range of the drawing (which is -1 to +4).

Notice how you wrote (5 - 3/2)....

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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
Hi happyface101,

Your calculation includes values that are GREATER than 4 and LESS than -1, and those values fall outside the range of the drawing (which is -1 to +4).

Notice how you wrote (5 - 3/2)....

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Ahh!! A silly mistake ... it always gets me ... truly terrible.

Thank you very much for your help!! +1 Kudo!
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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Case 1
0 < 5t - 8 < 1
8/5 < t < 9/5
Case 2
0< -5t + 8 < 1
8/5 > t > 7/5
D
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
Hi happyface101,

Your calculation includes values that are GREATER than 4 and LESS than -1, and those values fall outside the range of the drawing (which is -1 to +4).

Notice how you wrote (5 - 3/2)....

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

EMPOWERgmatRichC - Hi, Could you be a bit more specific on what mistake happyface101 did in his equation? It'd help a great deal if you actually showed me how to answer this question along the lines of what happyface101 did.
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Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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fozzzy wrote:
Attachment:
image 1.png
Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded region to the left?

A. $$\sqrt{x^2+ 1}$$< 3

B. |2x - 3| < 5

C. |x + 1| > -1

D. x - 2 < 2

E. |x - 1| < 4

How to solve this question without plugging in values?

Using midpoint and distance, write an absolute value inequality in the form

|x - (midpoint)| < distance

1) Find the midpoint of the region, exactly halfway between -1 and 4, which is $$\frac{3}{2}$$

2) Find the distances of the endpoints from the midpoint

-1 is a distance of $$\frac{5}{2}$$ from $$\frac{3}{2}$$, and

4 is a distance of $$\frac{5}{2}$$ from $$\frac{3}{2}$$

The distance cannot equal $$\frac{5}{2}$$ because the endpoints aren't included. The distance can be anything up to, but less than, $$\frac{5}{2}$$

3. Set up the inequality

From above, the distance of x from the midpoint,* namely |x - $$\frac{3}{2}$$|, is < $$\frac{5}{2}$$

4. Write the inequality.

|x - (midpoint)| < distance

|x - $$\frac{3}{2}$$| < $$\frac{5}{2}$$

5. Find the answer that matches that inequality.

Eliminate C, which is always true (absolute value is always $$\geq0$$, hence also always $$>-1$$), and D, which, without absolute value bars, does not cover two directions.

From the remaining choices: The answer must account for $$\frac{3}{2}$$ somehow. There is only one answer with a 3 on LHS:

B) |2x - 3| < 5

That fits; just multiply all terms of the inequality derived from midpoint and distance by 2:

|x - $$\frac{3}{2}$$| < $$\frac{5}{2}$$ (each term * 2)

|2x - 3| < 5

*|x - (some number)| is the distance of x from (some number)
|x - 4| is the distance of x from 4
|x + 4| is the distance of x from -4

Blackbox, I'm not sure whether or not how I solved the problem is what you seek. I think it might be.
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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fozzzy wrote:
Attachment:
image 1.png
Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded region to the left?

A. $$\sqrt{x^2+ 1}$$< 3

B. |2x - 3| < 5

C. |x + 1| > -1

D. x - 2 < 2

E. |x - 1| < 4

How to solve this question without plugging in values?

Can some body tell me what is the meaning of the highlighted part?
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Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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QZ wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
Attachment:
image 1.png
Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded region to the left?

A. $$\sqrt{x^2+ 1}$$< 3

B. |2x - 3| < 5

C. |x + 1| > -1

D. x - 2 < 2

E. |x - 1| < 4

How to solve this question without plugging in values?

Can some body tell me what is the meaning of the highlighted part?

QZ , I got thrown, too, for a bit.

I suspect that the question was cut and pasted, and that on the original page, the number line literally was placed to the left of the question.

I think the poster just forgot to change the wording to "the highlighted part [in the diagram] below."

Hope that helps. _________________
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Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg  [#permalink]

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Hi Bunnel.. my doubt is that looking at the picture -1 and 4 are included with bold line so can't the range be -1<=x <=4

Sent from my SM-G935F using GMAT Club Forum mobile app Re: Which of the following inequalities specifies the shaded reg   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2018, 03:15

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