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# While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the

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Manager
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While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2006, 17:47
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

74% (01:27) correct 26% (01:38) wrong based on 2426 sessions

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While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

(A) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines

(B) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine

(C) all states face a similar industrial waste problem, their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

(D) each state faces similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and regulatory environment of each state obviously determines

(E) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine

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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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13 May 2016, 11:45
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DeepikaV wrote:
hi,

is choice D right answer, without subject-verb error?

Although there is no S-V error, option D is wrong because of meaning issues:

Each has a different problem.. correct. ( Problem of X is different from problem of Y. Problem of X is different from problem of Z, problem of Z is different from problem of X . .. meaning is clear)
All have similar problems .... correct. (Problem of X, problem of Y and problem of Z are all similar........ meaning is clear)
Each has a similar problem...awkward (Problem of X is similar....similar to what is not clear, since only one problem is referred to in the sentence).

In general, "different" works for "each" ; "similar" works for "all".
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2009, 20:21
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While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

A. all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines - the verb "determines" is singular while the subject is plural - "the predominating industries and the regulatory environment ". Hence S+V don't agree in number.
B. each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine - "their" is plural but the subject is "each state" which is singular. Again S+V disagreement in number
C. all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines - unnecessary semicolon.
D. each state faces similar industrial waste problem, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determines - same explanation as A
E. all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine - Everything is correct. "Determine" is plural and agrees with plural subject "the predominant industries and the regulatory environment "

I think the answer should be E. What is the OA please?
##### General Discussion
Manager
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2006, 19:31
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Why not E?

Although both D and E look right, isin't E more logical. The sentence is trying to say that although all states face problem X, the definition and solution to X is different in each state.
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2007, 00:10
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JAI HIND wrote:
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

(A) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines
(B) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine
(C) all states face a similar industrial waste problem, their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines
(D) each state faces similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and regulatory environment of each state obviously determines
(E) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine

While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

predominating industries AND regulatory environment.... determine
Therefore, ACD are wrong.

B is wrong in that their refers back to each state.each state is singular and their is plural.

Therefore, E is correct.
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2007, 00:14
1
JAI HIND wrote:
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

(A) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines
(B) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine
(C) all states face a similar industrial waste problem, their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines
(D) each state faces similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and regulatory environment of each state obviously determines
(E) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine

"the predominant industries and regulatory environment of each state" is a plural subject require 'determine'
A,C,D - SV problem
B - their doesn't match with each

E - stands out.
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2010, 09:06
1
Great point GMATBLACKBELT!

But it is not just parallelism. While the OG explanation sticks to the S/V agreement issue. You have given a new dimension to the answer and now it would be safe to say that E is correct because of both SV and ||ism.

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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2011, 20:25
3
Two - step solution; 1. ‘Determines’ is wrong- ACD are gone. In B, each state and the pronoun ‘their’ do not tally. Hence, E is correct
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2011, 01:32
One more way to eliminate B based on Meaning.

Jasontuyj2012 wrote:
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

a) The same as underlined sentence

b) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine
This means each state faces 1 problem which is similar. Question says, each state face multiple problems which are similar.

c) all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

d) each state face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determines

e) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulartory environment of each state obviously determine

OA E.
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2012, 08:24
2
I have chosen E for the answer:

The main point of this sentence is to compare the industrial problems that "ALL STATES" have with the industries and regulatory environment of "EACH STATE."

A. There is SV agreement error here. The subject of the sentence is the compound subject "The predominating industries and the regulatory environment." Therefore, the plural verb "determine" must be used for agreement. Also, the answer has omitted "each state." This leads to some confusion because we are trying to compare what occurs in "all states" to what occurs in "each state."

B. The pronoun "their" does not have an antecedent because "each state" is singular.

C. There is subject verb agreement error here - the plural subject and singular "determines" do not agree. Also, the use of the semicolon creates a fragment because "while" introduces a subordinate clause, which must be connected to an independent clause.

D. Again, we have subject verb agreement error here.

E. This sentence accurately describes the contrast between "all states" and "each state." Also, the plural subject and plural verb are in agreement.
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 12:48
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

(A) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and regulatory environment of the states obviously determines and demands plural form - determine.
(B) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine each state demands its and not their.
(C) all states face a similar industrial waste problem, their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines and demands plural form - determine.
(D) each state faces similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and regulatory environment of each state obviously determines and demands plural form - determine.
(E) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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03 May 2013, 07:37
1
[/quote]

The important usage here is of similar. We cannot say each of you is similar. All of you are similar is the correct version.
Hence, B, and D are out.
subject verb agreement issues - we have a compound subject here the industries and the regulatory environment. This is a plural subject, the correct verb is determine.
A and E are out.
There is also an issue of pronouns here. Something to fall back on if the use of similar were not known to us.
choice B uses a plural pronoun their for singular subject each - disagreement.
and D has determines error.
Hence the correct answer is E [/quote]

hI DAAGH,
i have 2 doubts in this...

firstly===>apart from all errors....the predominating industries and the regulatory environment====>is this also a parallelism error in option A and C.?

secondly ====>as per OG 13 explanation in option C SEMICOLON creates a fragment...but as per my understanding.

c) all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

clearly we have subject verb pair and moreover both the clause seems to be independent...so i am unable to figure out the fragment...
please suggest where i am wrong....
although i am neglecting the singular verb determines as an error...

SKM
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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03 May 2013, 10:12
SKM
Quote:
2. apart from all errors....the predominating industries and the regulatory environment====>is this also a parallelism error in option A and C.?

I see no parallelism error in the given phrase. Predominating is an adjective that modifies industries and regulatory is an adjective that modifies environment. So, no issue about//ism
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 14 Jan 2017, 02:57
SKM,
Your problem is because of wrong transcription. The correct one is:
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

a) The same as underlined sentence

b) each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine

c) all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

d) each state face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determines

e) all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine

The word’ while’ falls under the non-underline. So please read all choices with ‘while]; In C, the first clause is a subordinate clause. But a subordinate clause is always followed by a comma and a main clause. In this case, it intervened by a semicolon. A subordinate clause that does not have a proper main clause of its own but that which loosely hangs is also called a fragment, apart from the subject-less or the verb-less clauses that are also normally called fragments
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Originally posted by daagh on 03 May 2013, 10:24.
Last edited by daagh on 14 Jan 2017, 02:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2015, 10:52
IMO ‘problems’ should be ok with similar

Similar is a comparison marker. Similar to what is the question. There must be more than one factor if one wants to use similar.

If there was only one problem, then it would be more appropriate to use the term ‘the same’ as in “all the states or each state faces the same problem”.

Please note that the article ‘the’ refers to a single item.
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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12 May 2016, 12:26
hi,

is choice D right answer, without subject-verb error?
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2016, 09:16
Just a quick doubt, what is the subject in 'their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines'.

A quick word would be appreciated.

sdrandom1 wrote:
While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

A. all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines - the verb "determines" is singular while the subject is plural - "the predominating industries and the regulatory environment ". Hence S+V don't agree in number.
B. each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine - "their" is plural but the subject is "each state" which is singular. Again S+V disagreement in number
C. all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines - unnecessary semicolon.
D. each state faces similar industrial waste problem, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determines - same explanation as A
E. all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine - Everything is correct. "Determine" is plural and agrees with plural subject "the predominant industries and the regulatory environment "

I think the answer should be E. What is the OA please?
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2016, 23:28
jjindal wrote:
Just a quick doubt, what is the subject in 'their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines'.

Hi jjindal, predominating industries and regulatory environment is the subject, and it is a plural subject.
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2016, 23:29
any expert can help me solve the SVA problem

IMO, I can understand that compound subject need a plural verb,
eg: Lin and Guy drive to work, (MANHATTAN P 43),
but this case,
although compound subject is connect by "and", I view "the predominant industries and the regulatory environment " as a singular subject, because it is a group , "of each state" is modifier, it means each state has the group issue, so the subject is singular noun, that's why I pick up D rather than E.

have a nice day
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Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2016, 07:24
zoezhuyan wrote:
any expert can help me solve the SVA problem

IMO, I view "the predominant industries and the regulatory environment " as a singular noun, because it is a group , "of each state" is modifier, so the subject is singular noun, that's why I pick up D rather than E.

have a nice day
>_~

Each state has multiple predominant industries. Each state has one regulatory environment as well. Although each state is singular, the industries within the state is plural. Moreover when you add "environment" to the already plural "industries", it becomes even more plural . Consider this way: The industries and the environment of state X .... this is a plural subject.
Re: While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the &nbs [#permalink] 21 Sep 2016, 07:24

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