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While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly

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While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 21:52
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While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly for infants and the elderly. Doctors recommend that, in preparation for flu season, senior citizens increase the amount of antioxidants in their diet and receive the flu vaccine. To help their seniors prevent the onset of the flu, a local retirement facility plans to substitute wild blackberries and raspberries for the usual melon and pineapple in its breakfasts and desserts.

Which of the following constitutes a reason to believe that the retirement facility’s plan will be successful?

A. Wild blackberries and raspberries are not significantly more expensive on a per-pound basis than are pineapples and melons.
B. Most of the residents at the retirement facility prefer wild blackberries and raspberries to melon and pineapple.
C. None of the residents at the retirement facilities have a known a fruit allergy.
D. Wild blackberries and raspberries have a significantly higher antioxidant content than do pineapples and melons.
E. Wild blackberries and raspberries are harvested locally in the months immediately prior to flu season.​
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 23:42
Straight D,because in the premise,it states that doctors recommend increment in antioxidant intake to prevent flu,and the retirement facility plans to replace the elderly food with wildberry and raspberry that contain a significant amount of antioxidant.

Hope it helps

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While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2017, 11:01
Good work ayush98.

Official explanation by Veritas
In this Plan/Strategy question, the plan and the objective have an extremely large gap between them. The goal is to help prevent the flu, and one way to do that is to increase antioxidants. And the retirement facility then plans to replace melon and pineapple with raspberries and strawberries. But how do raspberries and strawberries connect to antioxidants??

This is a gap wide enough that most test-takers should be able to anticipate choice D. "Flu is prevented by antioxidants, so let's eat X" should give you pause no matter what X is: the argument could just as easily have said that they would serve more fish or ice cream or frozen pizza. Without knowing that that food would increase antioxidant levels, you don't have much of a plan.

So choice D is correct: if the new foods contain more antioxidants than the foods are replacing, then the end results (more antioxidants --> prevent the flu) are much more likely.

With choice A, note that the goal has nothing to do with saving money - it's only to prevent the flu. So the cost is irrelevant to this particular argument. With choice B, preference only matters to the extent of "will people eat the berries?" The goal isn't to make the residents happier, so unless you know that they will reduce their fruit consumption altogether their preference doesn't matter. Plus, remember, without choice D you do not know that the berries even contain antioxidants!

Choice C does not strengthen the plan, either. Say that it were incorrect and one person had a strawberry allergy that would give him a rash, but everyone else were perfectly happy eating berries: the plan could still be a rousing success. Plus, again, until you know the information in choice D you just don't know that the berries would even help. And choice E is similar to choice A: it shows that serving the berries will be convenient (and maybe inexpensive), but that's not the goal: the stated goal is simply to increase antioxidants.
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Re: While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2017, 10:49
While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly for infants and the elderly. Doctors recommend that, in preparation for flu season, senior citizens increase the amount of antioxidants in their diet and receive the flu vaccine. To help their seniors prevent the onset of the flu, a local retirement facility plans to substitute wild blackberries and raspberries for the usual melon and pineapple in its breakfasts and desserts.

Type - strengthen

A. Wild blackberries and raspberries are not significantly more expensive on a per-pound basis than are pineapples and melons. - Irrelevant - expense is not relevant
B. Most of the residents at the retirement facility prefer wild blackberries and raspberries to melon and pineapple. - Irrelevant - preference is not relevant
C. None of the residents at the retirement facilities have a known a fruit allergy. - Out of scope
D. Wild blackberries and raspberries have a significantly higher antioxidant content than do pineapples and melons. - Correct - If this is true , it makes sense to substitute wild blackberries and raspberries for the usual melon and pineapple in its breakfasts and desserts.
E. Wild blackberries and raspberries are harvested locally in the months immediately prior to flu season. - Irrelevant

Answer D
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Re: While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2017, 11:56
pushpitkc wrote:
While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly for infants and the elderly. Doctors recommend that, in preparation for flu season, senior citizens increase the amount of antioxidants in their diet and receive the flu vaccine. To help their seniors prevent the onset of the flu, a local retirement facility plans to substitute wild blackberries and raspberries for the usual melon and pineapple in its breakfasts and desserts.

Which of the following constitutes a reason to believe that the retirement facility’s plan will be successful?

A. Wild blackberries and raspberries are not significantly more expensive on a per-pound basis than are pineapples and melons.
B. Most of the residents at the retirement facility prefer wild blackberries and raspberries to melon and pineapple.
C. None of the residents at the retirement facilities have a known a fruit allergy.
D. Wild blackberries and raspberries have a significantly higher antioxidant content than do pineapples and melons.
E. Wild blackberries and raspberries are harvested locally in the months immediately prior to flu season.​


A. Wild blackberries and raspberries are not significantly more expensive on a per-pound basis than are pineapples and melons. The premise says nothing about whether cost is an issue for the retirement facility.
B. Most of the residents at the retirement facility prefer wild blackberries and raspberries to melon and pineapple. Again, the premise says nothing about whether the residents will stop eating blackberries and raspberries if the retirement facility substitute melon and pineapple.
C. None of the residents at the retirement facilities have a known a fruit allergy. The premise says nothing about whether the residents would stop having certain fruits over certain allergies.
D. Wild blackberries and raspberries have a significantly higher antioxidant content than do pineapples and melons. Correct. Since blackberries and raspberries have a higher antioxidant content, the plan will be successful.
E. Wild blackberries and raspberries are harvested locally in the months immediately prior to flu season. Irrelevant.

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Re: While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 01:20
pushpitkc wrote:
While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly for infants and the elderly. Doctors recommend that, in preparation for flu season, senior citizens increase the amount of antioxidants in their diet and receive the flu vaccine. To help their seniors prevent the onset of the flu, a local retirement facility plans to substitute wild blackberries and raspberries for the usual melon and pineapple in its breakfasts and desserts.

Which of the following constitutes a reason to believe that the retirement facility’s plan will be successful?

A. Wild blackberries and raspberries are not significantly more expensive on a per-pound basis than are pineapples and melons.
B. Most of the residents at the retirement facility prefer wild blackberries and raspberries to melon and pineapple.
C. None of the residents at the retirement facilities have a known a fruit allergy.
D. Wild blackberries and raspberries have a significantly higher antioxidant content than do pineapples and melons.
E. Wild blackberries and raspberries are harvested locally in the months immediately prior to flu season.​



I shortlisted B&D and finally chose B thinking that even if the blackberries and raspberries contain more antioxidants but the residents don't like them, they won't eat them...However, I realized that my mistake is that I didn't establish the link between adding more antioxidants to their diet and adding blackberries and raspberries to their breakfast..."learning from my mistakes" ;)
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Re: While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 03:00
D. Berries contain antioxidents is not mentioned in the extract. Only if the berries contain antioxidants will the plan be successful.
A. Expense isnt a criteria for the retirement facility. OUT OF SCOPE
B. Even if seniors prefer eating pineapples and melons, it isnt indicated that they would downright not eat the berries. Prefernce is one thing; but if its the only thing available or is good for health they just might need to gulp it down. INCORRECT
C.we are not given info if they have a food allergy from berries or not. Moreover, likely that they can be administered anti allergens if need be.
D. Correct
E. No where in the extract are only 'fresh' berries mentioned for making an impact. Out of scope.

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Re: While certainly a nuisance for anyone, the flu can be deadly   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2017, 03:00
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