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# While steel has been used to make war helmets, it hasn’t been used to

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Manager
Joined: 20 Apr 2018
Posts: 158
Concentration: Technology, Nonprofit
WE: Analyst (Non-Profit and Government)
While steel has been used to make war helmets, it hasn’t been used to  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2018, 11:02
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

22% (01:37) correct 78% (01:37) wrong based on 223 sessions

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While steel has been used to make war helmets, it hasn’t been used to make bullet-proof vests for soldiers because it is extremely heavy. Even though bullet-proof vests can save lives, avoiding them is beneficial in the long run since soldiers should never be slowed down in a battlefield. Advancements in genetic engineering have made it possible to create materials that are ten times tougher than steel and yet lighter than cotton. Therefore, it only makes sense for the military to use these new materials to make both helmets and bullet-proof vests for the soldiers.

What roles do the bold-faced parts play?

(A) The first is a circumstance that the author agrees with; the second is a position that may address the downside of that situation

(B) The first is a situation that the author does not agree with; the second is an opinion that addresses the shortcoming of that situation.

(C) The first is evidence used to support a position defended in the argument; the second is an alternate position that the author recommends.

(D) The first is evidence to support the position the author favors; the second is that position.

(E) The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on the basis of that position.
Manager
Joined: 10 Apr 2018
Posts: 98
GPA: 2.56
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
While steel has been used to make war helmets, it hasn’t been used to  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2018, 23:37
1
While steel has been used to make war helmets, it hasn’t been used to make bullet-proof vests for soldiers because it is extremely heavy. Even though bullet-proof vests can save lives, avoiding them is beneficial in the long run since soldiers should never be slowed down in a battlefield. Advancements in genetic engineering have made it possible to create materials that are ten times tougher than steel and yet lighter than cotton. Therefore, it only makes sense for the military to use these new materials to make both helmets and bullet-proof vests for the soldiers.

What roles do the bold-faced parts play?

(A) The first is a circumstance that the author agrees with; the second is a position that may address the downside of that situation
==>Although this is an official answer, I am NOT convinced and waiting for explanation. There is no downside I see. and hance had leimnated.
(B) The first is a situation that the author does not agree with; the second is an opinion that addresses the shortcoming of that situation.
==> Incorrect for the reason highlighted. In fact the author agrees with the first part and that's why he suggested something in second part.
(C) The first is evidence used to support a position defended in the argument; the second is an alternate position that the author recommends.
==> Incorrect. In fact, author has a neutral tone and is NOT defending any position, rather position is taken based on the basis of first bold part as an evidence.
(D) The first is evidence to support the position the author favors; the second is that position.
==> COrrect. This is my answer after eliminating all other options.
(E) The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on the basis of that position
==>color=#790000]Incorrect.[/color] First bold part is a fact/premise/evidence and NOT an objection.
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While steel has been used to make war helmets, it hasn’t been used to  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2018, 11:11
While steel has been used to make war helmets, it hasn’t been used to make bullet-proof vests for soldiers because it is extremely heavy. Even though bullet-proof vests can save lives, avoiding them is beneficial in the long run since soldiers should never be slowed down in a battlefield. Advancements in genetic engineering have made it possible to create materials that are ten times tougher than steel and yet lighter than cotton. Therefore, it only makes sense for the military to use these new materials to make both helmets and bullet-proof vests for the soldiers.

Conclusion: Therefore, it only makes sense for the military to use these new materials to make both helmets and bullet-proof vests for the soldiers.

What roles do the bold-faced parts play?

(A) The first is a circumstance that the author agrees with; the second is a position that may address the downside of that situation
It is definetly a circumstance. Author agrees with it. In light of availibility of other light weight materials, author reccomends the use of these materials and hence second part is the position taken by argument.
Tough part to understand is "downside of situation". Situation here is not wearing good quality helmets and vests. Position or recommendation provided is definetly mentioned to fix the downside.

(B) The first is a situation that the author does not agree with; the second is an opinion that addresses the shortcoming of that situation.
Incorrect. Author agrees with situation.

(C) The first is evidence used to support a position defended in the argument; the second is an alternate position that the author recommends.
First is a fact, evidence and is used to create a premise not necessarily to support but we will take it. There is no alternation position from author's point of view. This is author's only position.

(D) The first is evidence to support the position the author favors; the second is that position.
First is basically a fact shared by author to provide reasoning behind things are done the way they are. Second is author's recommendation and not that position, mentioned in first half of this choice.

(E) The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on the basis of that position.
First is not an objection.
While steel has been used to make war helmets, it hasn’t been used to &nbs [#permalink] 16 Sep 2018, 11:11
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# While steel has been used to make war helmets, it hasn’t been used to

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