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Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce

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Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 27 Jan 2018, 16:19
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 100
Page: 668

Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.

(A) prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

(B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

(C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings

(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills

(E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

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Originally posted by ravi67741 on 17 Apr 2011, 00:26.
Last edited by hazelnut on 27 Jan 2018, 16:19, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2011, 01:29
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The template of the idiom is ‘prohibit x from doing y’; Choice c is correct- ‘prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings’
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2011, 12:08
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Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.

(A) prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills
(E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings



isn't Ban fallowed by prohibiting is redundant ?

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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2011, 01:50
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Because A is not ‘prohibit from’ but ‘prohibit to’
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2011, 06:28
ravi67741 wrote:
Q. Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.
(A) prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills
(E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings


This is an example that tests correct idiomatic expressions.

Rule:
RIGHT: PROHIBITS X FROM Y
WRONG: PROHIBITS THAT
WRONG: PROHIBITS X TO Y

Using this rule, we can quickly eliminate A, B.
D & E can be eliminated because C is better and crisp. It has the correct idiomatic expression that the author is trying to use in his sentence structure.
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2011, 07:53
Easy one got it within 30 seconds..

The correct idiom is "prohibit x from Y"
Only "C" uses the right idiom thus it is a correct choice...

ravi67741 wrote:
Q. Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.
(A) prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills
(E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2011, 00:48
yes, it is prohibit from, ban on and forbid to..
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2011, 23:16
MSDHONI wrote:
Easy one got it within 30 seconds..

The correct idiom is "prohibit x from Y"
Only "C" uses the right idiom thus it is a correct choice...

ravi67741 wrote:
Q. Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.
(A) prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills
(E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings


thanx dhoni....n hws ur prep goin on
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2011, 12:44
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Here's the explanation:

ban and prohibit mean the same thing, but in this context, their usage is different and hence they complement each other.
Here, the sentence is actually trying to say that Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida and Minnesota do not accept leaves, brush and grass clippings in their landfills.

Option A uses an incorrect idiom. The correct idiom is 'prohibit ... from' and not 'prohibit ... to'. Hence incorrect.

Option B suffers from a similar error. 'Prohibiting that' is incorrect usage.

Options C is the clearest answer choice here. It correctly uses the idiom 'prohibiting ... from'. Hence this is the correct answer.

Options D and E are both incorrect because they do not have a clear meaning due to the usage of 'bans that'.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2011, 13:29
Thanks !!

i x out the first three, ....SCCCCCCC :rocket
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2011, 14:33
sudish wrote:
Here's the explanation:

ban and prohibit mean the same thing, but in this context, their usage is different and hence they complement each other.
Here, the sentence is actually trying to say that Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida and Minnesota do not accept leaves, brush and grass clippings in their landfills.

Option A uses an incorrect idiom. The correct idiom is 'prohibit ... from' and not 'prohibit ... to'. Hence incorrect.

Option B suffers from a similar error. 'Prohibiting that' is incorrect usage.

Options C is the clearest answer choice here. It correctly uses the idiom 'prohibiting ... from'. Hence this is the correct answer.

Options D and E are both incorrect because they do not have a clear meaning due to the usage of 'bans that'.

Hope this helps!


@sudish - why usage of 'bans that' is incorrect? Can you illustrate?
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2011, 00:17
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@Capricorn369:

Let's look at the first part of the sentence:
'Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans'
This part can stand on its own and hence it's an independent clause.

The next part of the sentence in options D and E are:
'leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills' and
'landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings'
Both these sentences are independent clauses as well and as such, can stand on their own.
The first part of the sentence does not require the second part to complete its meaning. Hence, the second part is non-essential and is therefore a non-restrictive clause.

Now, we know that we use 'that' only when the clause is restrictive. If the clause is non-restrictive, we use 'which' so that the clause acts as subordinate to the main clause.

Had the options D and E been of the form:
'prohibit landfills from accepting leaves, brush and grass clippings.'
they would have been correct because the latter part would have then acted as a restrictive clause required to complete the meaning of the main clause and could have been aptly joined to the main clause using 'that'.

Hope this is clear now!
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2011, 05:45
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shrive555 wrote:
Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.

(A) Same
(B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills
(E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

isn't Ban fallowed by prohibiting is redundant ?


Nope, it is not redundant, " prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings" is the adjective phrase that help the meaning of "statewide bans" is clearer. The right idiom is "prohibit X from Y". Other choices seem awkward and wrong idiom. Choice D and E do not have clear meaning when use form "bans that"
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2011, 05:18
Prohibit from is correct idiom.
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2013, 10:43
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2013, 13:58
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shrive555 wrote:
Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.

(A) Same
(B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills
(E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings



isn't Ban fallowed by prohibiting is redundant ?


Also, recall this example
The law PROHIBITS any citizen FROM VOTING twice (The law PROHIBITS any citizen TO VOTE twice/PROHIBITS THAT any person VOTE twice are both wrong)

According to my notes

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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2013, 11:02
Prohibiting X from Y : correct idiom

+1 to me..
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2013, 21:50
When the sentence uses ban, doesn't the use of the word prohibit make it redundant?
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2013, 08:30
Meaning wise is it right to say "prohibiting landfills to accept" how come landfills can accept anything landfill is not a person or organisation.. usually we prohibit someone who obeys ... landfills can not obey orders.
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2014, 09:03
Experts,

Can anyone explain the reasoning behind the OE from VR2 why (D) and (E) are wrong?

(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills

OE:Bans that . . . cannot be accepted is not a correct idiom and does not make sense.

(E). that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

OE:Bans that . . . cannot accept is an incorrect idiom, and cannot following bans is illogical.

Can someone come up with the idioms starting with BANS?

Why cannot following BANS is illogical?

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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce &nbs [#permalink] 05 Apr 2014, 09:03

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