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Retired Moderator P
Joined: 22 Aug 2013
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X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ? (1) (X+Y)/2 > Y (2)  [#permalink]

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6 00:00

Difficulty:   55% (hard)

Question Stats: 67% (01:48) correct 33% (01:42) wrong based on 174 sessions

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X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ?

(1) (X+Y)/2 > Y

(2) X is Z% less than the sum (X+Y), where Z is a positive number and Z < 40.
Manager  B
Joined: 09 Oct 2015
Posts: 225
X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ? (1) (X+Y)/2 > Y (2)  [#permalink]

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option a straight away gives the ans

but for option b, on simplifying, we get that x/y>1.5
so yes

ans is d
Manager  S
Joined: 06 Nov 2016
Posts: 58
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Strategy, International Business
GPA: 3.54
Re: X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ? (1) (X+Y)/2 > Y (2)  [#permalink]

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2
amanvermagmat wrote:
X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ?

(1) (X+Y)/2 > Y

(2) X is Z% less than the sum (X+Y), where Z is a positive number and Z < 40.

If $$X=Y$$ then $$X=Y=\frac{(X+Y)}{2}=(X+Y)∗(1−\frac{50}{100})$$
(1) $$\frac{(X+Y)}{2}>Y$$ --> X < Y -> Sufficient.
(2) $$X= (X+Y)*(1-\frac{Z}{100})$$.
Since $$Z<40$$, $$(X+Y)*(1-\frac{Z}{100}) > (X+Y)∗(1−\frac{50}{100})$$ --> $$X>(X+Y)∗(1−\frac{50}{100})$$, thus X > Y -> Sufficient.
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Joined: 21 Aug 2018
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Re: X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ? (1) (X+Y)/2 > Y (2)  [#permalink]

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Izzyjolly wrote:
amanvermagmat wrote:
X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ?

(1) (X+Y)/2 > Y

(2) X is Z% less than the sum (X+Y), where Z is a positive number and Z < 40.

If $$X=Y$$ then $$X=Y=\frac{(X+Y)}{2}=(X+Y)∗(1−\frac{50}{100})$$
(1) $$\frac{(X+Y)}{2}>Y$$ --> X < Y -> Sufficient.
(2) $$X= (X+Y)*(1-\frac{Z}{100})$$.
Since $$Z<40$$, $$(X+Y)*(1-\frac{Z}{100}) > (X+Y)∗(1−\frac{50}{100})$$ --> $$X>(X+Y)∗(1−\frac{50}{100})$$, thus X > Y -> Sufficient.

I am still not clear on how you got 50/100 from Z<40, can you please elaborate on this?

Thanks!
Director  S
Status: Come! Fall in Love with Learning!
Joined: 05 Jan 2017
Posts: 531
Location: India
Re: X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ? (1) (X+Y)/2 > Y (2)  [#permalink]

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Hi,

It’s a pretty straight forward question, where it requires basic word to math conversion knowledge.

Given: X and Y are two positive numbers.

Question: Is X > Y ?

Statement I is sufficient:

(X+Y)/2 > Y

X + Y > 2Y

So, X > Y.

It is sufficient.

Statement II is sufficient:

X is Z% less than the sum (X+Y), where Z is a positive number and Z < 40.

Converting to Math,

X = (X+Y) – Z%(X+Y)

X = (X+Y) – Z%(X+Y)

X = (X+Y)*(1-Z/100)

Given,

Z < 40

Lets assume for a moment, Z = 40

X = (X+Y) * (1-40/100)

X = (X+Y) * 3/5

Solving it we get,

5X = 3X + 3Y

2X = 3Y

X = 3/2 * Y

So, X > Y when we take Z = 40, taking Z further lesser value will have X > Y only.

So statement II is also sufficient.

So the answer is D.

Hope it is clear.
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Joined: 06 Nov 2016
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Location: Viet Nam
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Re: X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ? (1) (X+Y)/2 > Y (2)  [#permalink]

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Hi khosld64,

$$Z<40$$ --> $$\frac{Z}{100} < \frac{40}{100} < \frac{50}{100}$$ --> $$1-\frac{Z}{100} > 1−\frac{50}{100}$$

Multiple both sides to (X+Y)

Thus $$(X+Y)*(1-\frac{Z}{100}) > (X+Y)∗(1−\frac{50}{100})$$

Hope it's clear.

khosld64 wrote:
Izzyjolly wrote:
amanvermagmat wrote:
X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ?

(1) (X+Y)/2 > Y

(2) X is Z% less than the sum (X+Y), where Z is a positive number and Z < 40.

If $$X=Y$$ then $$X=Y=\frac{(X+Y)}{2}=(X+Y)∗(1−\frac{50}{100})$$
(1) $$\frac{(X+Y)}{2}>Y$$ --> X < Y -> Sufficient.
(2) $$X= (X+Y)*(1-\frac{Z}{100})$$.
Since $$Z<40$$, $$(X+Y)*(1-\frac{Z}{100}) > (X+Y)∗(1−\frac{50}{100})$$ --> $$X>(X+Y)∗(1−\frac{50}{100})$$, thus X > Y -> Sufficient.

I am still not clear on how you got 50/100 from Z<40, can you please elaborate on this?

Thanks!

_________________
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ONLINE FREE (FULL LENGTH) GMAT CAT (PRACTICE TESTS) LINK COLLECTION Re: X and Y are two positive numbers. Is X > Y ? (1) (X+Y)/2 > Y (2)   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2018, 01:59
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