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# X: When a rare but serious industrial accident occurs,

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Manager
Joined: 19 Nov 2007
Posts: 167

Kudos [?]: 291 [1], given: 4

X: When a rare but serious industrial accident occurs, [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2009, 08:00
1
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8
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:37) correct 46% (01:36) wrong based on 417 sessions

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X: When a rare but serious industrial accident occurs, people respond by believing that such accidents are becoming more frequent. This belief is irrational. After all, being dealt four aces in a hand of poker, a rare event, hardly increases one's chances of being dealt four aces in a future hand.

Y: To the contrary, the belief is rational because it results in people's sensing a danger to themselves not previously sensed and taking precautionary actions to prevent similar accidents in the future.

Y's attempt to counter X's claim is best described by which of the following?

(A) It questions the aptness of the analogy drawn by X.
(B) It makes apparent X's failure to consider how people vary in their responses to a serious accident.
(C) It shifts the basis for judging rationality to considerations of utility.
(D) It offers an alternative explanation of why people form incorrect beliefs.
(E) It challenges X's assumption that the occurrence of a single event is sufficient to change a belief.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Senior Manager
Joined: 27 May 2009
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Re: Emily Dickinson’s letters [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2009, 08:40
IMO B.

guess it shuld be outnumber......

which in E is wrong....

Kudos [?]: 560 [0], given: 18

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Jul 2009
Posts: 285

Kudos [?]: 44 [0], given: 9

Concentration: Nonprofit, Strategy
GPA: 3.42
WE: Engineering (Computer Hardware)
Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2009, 16:52
tough one...i had trouble between B and C...went with B because Y did point out X's failure...

but C also seems right..kinda, since C suggest another way to judge rationality of this belief...but B seems better

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Intern
Joined: 21 Jun 2009
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Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 0

Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2009, 17:16
IMO C

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Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Jul 2009
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Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2009, 02:15
i go with B.

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Manager
Joined: 26 Aug 2005
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Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2009, 07:04
I think it's (C).

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Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2008
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Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2009, 08:03
3
KUDOS
C seems to be correct. Y does base rationality on the usefulness of the situation. He says that the feeling of fear among the workers is rational or justified because then, they will take extra precautions to avoid the accident. In other words, Y says that because the fear helps the workers to keep safe, it is okay to be fearful. X, on the other hand says, it is not okay to be fearful of a rare accident that may never happen again.
X says Rare event---- not okay to be fearful.
Y says------- Rare or not rare, if it helps to be fearful, its okay to be fearful.
Therefore, both have differing perspectives to rationality.

Kudos [?]: 34 [3], given: 0

Manager
Affiliations: CFA Level 2 Candidate
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Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2009, 08:20
I agree with C as well.

X - argues the claim is irrational because just because a rare event has happened does not necessarily mean it is becoming common

Y - supports the claim but does not refute the argument - it shifts the scope and provides an alternative way of defining rationality.

Kudos [?]: 296 [0], given: 2

Intern
Joined: 30 Sep 2008
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Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2009, 09:09
Vote C

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Manager
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
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Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2009, 10:22
IMO B

It rightly says that, there is a different way by which different people might respond to a serious accident and X fails to recognize this fact..

Kudos [?]: 451 [0], given: 3

Intern
Joined: 25 Jul 2009
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Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2009, 11:21
Looks like C to me..OA plz

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Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
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Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2009, 23:59
Can somebody of whom have choosen C explain the last part of the answer choice "rationality to considerations of utility"?

What does considerations of utility mean here?

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Manager
Joined: 09 Aug 2009
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Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 1

Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2009, 00:39
OA plz?

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 1

Current Student
Joined: 25 May 2010
Posts: 50

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 22

Location: Taiwan
Concentration: Operations, International Business
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GPA: 3.59
WE: Supply Chain Management (Manufacturing)
Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2011, 05:41
the answer is C

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 22

Current Student
Joined: 25 May 2010
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Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 22

Location: Taiwan
Concentration: Operations, International Business
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
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WE: Supply Chain Management (Manufacturing)
Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2011, 05:44
B is wrong because no where does X or Y indicate a varying of response to a serious incident.
OA = C

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 22

Intern
Joined: 17 Sep 2011
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Kudos [?]: 2 [1], given: 9

Schools: LBS '14
GMAT Date: 10-24-2011
Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2011, 07:22
1
KUDOS
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
Can somebody of whom have choosen C explain the last part of the answer choice "rationality to considerations of utility"?

What does considerations of utility mean here?

X says "Taking very RARE event as very FREQUENT is irrational." In other words, "We need not be too SENSITIVE to ONE TIME event."
Y counters "one time event AWAKENS people's sense of danger, thus We can take precautionary actions." In other words, "the belief is USEFUL for preventing similar accidents in the future"

Hope this helps.

By the way, what do POE and IMO stand for?

Kudos [?]: 2 [1], given: 9

Intern
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Schools: ISB
Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2011, 08:16
I agree, the answer is (C).
Y is very clearly changing the scope of the argument from one of "rationality" of the event to that of its "usefulness.

@lawsohn
POE - process of elimination
IMO - In my opinion

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 2

Manager
Status: Retaking next month
Affiliations: None
Joined: 05 Mar 2011
Posts: 211

Kudos [?]: 184 [0], given: 42

Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 570 Q42 V27
GPA: 3.01
WE: Sales (Manufacturing)
Re: LSAT CR- Rare but serious industrial accident [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2011, 01:43
Tough one. Totally Puzzled me. Although after seeing the solutions , confident of C now.

Kudos [?]: 184 [0], given: 42

Intern
Joined: 17 Sep 2011
Posts: 13

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 9

Schools: LBS '14
GMAT Date: 10-24-2011
Re: X and Y [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2011, 20:46
braxus wrote:
I agree, the answer is (C).
Y is very clearly changing the scope of the argument from one of "rationality" of the event to that of its "usefulness.

@lawsohn
POE - process of elimination
IMO - In my opinion

Many thanks braxus.

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 9

Manager
Joined: 13 Jul 2011
Posts: 139

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 42

Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 680 Q46 V37
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Re: LSAT CR- Rare but serious industrial accident [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2011, 10:51
clear C !!

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 42

Re: LSAT CR- Rare but serious industrial accident   [#permalink] 18 Oct 2011, 10:51

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# X: When a rare but serious industrial accident occurs,

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