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Zoologist: Plants preferentially absorb heavy nitrogen from rainwater

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Zoologist: Plants preferentially absorb heavy nitrogen from rainwater [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 05:38
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Zoologist: Plants preferentially absorb heavy nitrogen from rainwater. Heavy nitrogen consequently becomes concentrated in the tissues of herbivores, and animals that eat meat in tum exhibit even higher concentrations of heavy nitrogen in their bodily tissues. We compared bone samples from European cave bears of the Ice Age with blood samples from present-day bears fed meat-enriched diets, and the levels of heavy nitrogen present in these samples were identical. Thus, the prehistoric European cave bears were not exclusively herbivores.


Which one of the following, if true, would most strengthen the zoologist's argument?

(A) Plants can also absorb heavy nitrogen from a variety of sources other than rainwater.

(B) The rate at which heavy nitrogen accumulated in the blood of Ice Age herbivores can be inferred from samples of their bones.

(C) The same number of samples was taken from present-day bears as was taken from Ice Age cave bears.

(D) Bone samples from present-day bears fed meat-enriched diets exhibit the same levels of heavy nitrogen as do their blood samples.

(E) The level of heavy nitrogen in the bones of any bear fed a meat-enriched diet is the same as that in the bones of any other meat-eating bear.

Source: LSAT
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Zoologist: Plants preferentially absorb heavy nitrogen from rainwater [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 05:53
ganand wrote:
Zoologist: Plants preferentially absorb heavy nitrogen from rainwater. Heavy nitrogen consequently becomes concentrated in the tissues of herbivores, and animals that eat meat in tum exhibit even higher concentrations of heavy nitrogen in their bodily tissues. We compared bone samples from European cave bears of the Ice Age with blood samples from present-day bears fed meat-enriched diets, and the levels of heavy nitrogen present in these samples were identical. Thus, the prehistoric European cave bears were not exclusively herbivores.


Which one of the following, if true, would most strengthen the zoologist's argument?


Source: LSAT


The conclusion is based on the evidence that "bone samples from European cave bears of the Ice Age with blood samples from present-day bears fed meat-enriched diets, and the levels of heavy nitrogen present in these samples were identical."

Here bone samples have been compared with blood samples. So a possible strengthener will be if it is proved that bone samples of both the subjects are also equal.


(A) Plants can also absorb heavy nitrogen from a variety of sources other than rainwater.-----Irrelevant

(B) The rate at which heavy nitrogen accumulated in the blood of Ice Age herbivores can be inferred from samples of their bones.-----Out of scope. nothing has been discussed about herbivores

(C) The same number of samples was taken from present-day bears as was taken from Ice Age cave bears.-----Number of samples is not at issue here

(D) Bone samples from present-day bears fed meat-enriched diets exhibit the same levels of heavy nitrogen as do their blood samples.-----Correct. clearly states that bone samples of present day bears and ice age bears are similar in term of nitrogen content

(E) The level of heavy nitrogen in the bones of any bear fed a meat-enriched diet is the same as that in the bones of any other meat-eating bear.-----Irrelevant

Kudos [?]: 302 [0], given: 38

Re: Zoologist: Plants preferentially absorb heavy nitrogen from rainwater   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2017, 05:53
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Zoologist: Plants preferentially absorb heavy nitrogen from rainwater

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