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# 1. Because of the enormous research and development

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1. Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2004, 09:55
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1. Because of the enormous research and
development expenditures required to survive in
the electronics industry, an industry marked by
rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms
tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms' survival

2. Consumers may not think of household cleaning
products to be
hazardous substances, but many of
them can be harmful to health, especially if they
are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household
cleaning products to be
(B) Consumers may not think of household
cleaning products being
(C) A consumer may not think of their household
cleaning products being
(D) A consumer may not think of household
cleaning products as
(E) Household cleaning products may not be
thought of, by consumers, as

3. A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year
as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were
published,
reveals that Twain provided financial
assistance to one of the first Black students at
Yale Law School.

(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same
year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same
year of publication as The Adventures of
Huckleberry Finn.
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same
year that The Adventures of Huckleberry
Finn was published.
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year
as he published The Adventures of
Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year
of publication as The Adventures of
Huckleberry Finn that

4. The energy source on Voyager 2 is not a nuclear
reactor, in which atoms are actively broken apart;
rather
a kind of nuclear battery that uses natural

(A) apart; rather
(B) apart, but rather
(C) apart, but rather that of
(D) apart, but that of
(E) apart; it is that of
If you have any questions
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04 Mar 2004, 10:20
1.D..CONFUSED BETWEEN A AND D. REQUIRED TO IS THE IDIOM BUT SOUNDS AKWARD TO THE EAR HERE...SO WENT FOR SURVIVAL...
D
C
B
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04 Mar 2004, 10:35
B/E/B/B
Please have the questions as separate threads. It eases the discussion process. Thanks
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Paul

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04 Mar 2004, 12:20
Which one is idiomatically correct..?

To Survive..

For Survival...

Vivek.
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"Start By Doing What Is Necessary ,Then What Is Possible & Suddenly You Will Realise That You Are Doing The Impossible"

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04 Mar 2004, 12:36
AFTER LOOKING AT IT AGAIN,,,,,,THE IDIOM IS REQUIRED TO....SO PAUL MAY BE CORRECT HERE...AS TO SURVIVE IS COMPLETELY WRONG...
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04 Mar 2004, 12:40
vivek_dj wrote:
Which one is idiomatically correct..?

To Survive..

For Survival...

Vivek.

The key for question 1 is to know that the second part of the sentence "such firm" has to have a referrent. Only B has "firms" for "such firms" in the second half to refer to. E is wrong because the referent is "firms' survival" and A/C/D do not even mention "firms" as being the referent. So B is the anser
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Last edited by Paul on 04 Mar 2004, 21:06, edited 1 time in total.
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04 Mar 2004, 12:48
paul:

REGARDING THE THIRD QUESTION, IT IS AN OG QUESTION AND I DID IT JUST YESTERDAY..AND I ALSO SELECTED THE SAME B AS THE ANSWER BUT IT IS WORNG, BUT I STILL COULD NOT UNDERSTAND THEIR EXPLAINATION...
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04 Mar 2004, 12:58
I'm wrong on the third question, yes C should be the answer
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04 Mar 2004, 14:53
paul:

CAN U EXPLAIN WHY E IS CORRECT IN THE SECOND QUESTION....
AND WHY NOT OTHERS.....
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04 Mar 2004, 14:56
I think the error in B, "written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was,...".
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Paul

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04 Mar 2004, 15:29
monarc wrote:
paul:

CAN U EXPLAIN WHY E IS CORRECT IN THE SECOND QUESTION....
AND WHY NOT OTHERS.....

I by no means want to imply that my answer is correct, far from there. Actually, as you are bringing it up, I think D makes more sense now. E uses a passive form which is not ideal on the GMAT. I originally took E because it seemed more clear that "but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly." "them" and "they" refered to the main clause's subject, "household products". Upon re-analysis, I can now say with confidence that D's active form is more concise. Furthermore, in D, "a consumer" singular form makes it clear that "them" and "they" both refer to the plural form "household products"

So final answers should be B,D,C,B
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05 Mar 2004, 06:13
As per my explanation for question 1, I totally disagree with D being the answer. I stand by my answer unless someone can prove me wrong...
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05 Mar 2004, 08:58
Quote:
pusht wrote:
1. Because of the enormous research and
development expenditures required to survive in
the electronics industry, an industry marked by
rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms
tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms' survival

It helps to read the latter part of the sentence. you will see "such firms".
obviously, we need "firms" somewhere earlier , otherwise "such firms" does not make sense.
The answer here is narrowed down to B and E.

lets cut to the chase here...

Because of X required [[ ]] , such firms tend to be very large.

I like B better in there.

Quote:
2. Consumers may not think of household cleaning
products to be
hazardous substances, but many of
them can be harmful to health, especially if they
are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household
cleaning products to be
(B) Consumers may not think of household
cleaning products being
(C) A consumer may not think of their household
cleaning products being
(D) A consumer may not think of household
cleaning products as
(E) Household cleaning products may not be
thought of, by consumers, as

-There is obviously a big problem with using "Consumers".
-"them" and "they" can refer to both hazardous substances and consumers.
-D corrects that ambiguity by using the singular "consumer. C is wrong by unnecessarily using "being".

Quote:
3. A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year
as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were
published,
reveals that Twain provided financial
assistance to one of the first Black students at
Yale Law School.

(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same
year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same
year of publication as The Adventures of
Huckleberry Finn.
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same
year that The Adventures of Huckleberry
Finn was published.
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year
as he published The Adventures of
Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year
of publication as The Adventures of
Huckleberry Finn that

This one's hard to explain. It should be B. but not sure.

A - The Adventures of Huckleberry...is a book... we should use "was".
C- "that" modifies what? we do not have a clear sentence here. the comparison is also not clear.
D- again, " that " does not have a clear referent.
E - I dont like E either. "that" might not have a clear referent. "that" could refer to "the adventures....." or the letter.

Quote:
4. The energy source on Voyager 2 is not a nuclear
reactor, in which atoms are actively broken apart;
rather
a kind of nuclear battery that uses natural

(A) apart; rather
(B) apart, but rather
(C) apart, but rather that of
(D) apart, but that of
(E) apart; it is that of

I like B.

The energy source ........is not a nuclear reactor,............, but rather....

Thats how i see it.

Last edited by Praetorian on 05 Mar 2004, 09:10, edited 3 times in total.
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05 Mar 2004, 09:02
Pusht...do you have any official explanation for these questions..?

Vivek.
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22 Oct 2007, 18:24
pusht wrote:
1. Because of the enormous research and
development expenditures required to survive in
the electronics industry, an industry marked by
rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms
tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms' survival

2. Consumers may not think of household cleaning
products to be
hazardous substances, but many of
them can be harmful to health, especially if they
are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household
cleaning products to be
(B) Consumers may not think of household
cleaning products being
(C) A consumer may not think of their household
cleaning products being
(D) A consumer may not think of household
cleaning products as
(E) Household cleaning products may not be
thought of, by consumers, as

3. A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year
as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were
published,
reveals that Twain provided financial
assistance to one of the first Black students at
Yale Law School.

(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same
year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same
year of publication as The Adventures of
Huckleberry Finn.
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same
year that The Adventures of Huckleberry
Finn was published.
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year
as he published The Adventures of
Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year
of publication as The Adventures of
Huckleberry Finn that

4. The energy source on Voyager 2 is not a nuclear
reactor, in which atoms are actively broken apart;
rather
a kind of nuclear battery that uses natural

(A) apart; rather
(B) apart, but rather
(C) apart, but rather that of
(D) apart, but that of
(E) apart; it is that of

D for survival is the best option here.
D even though may not is introduced, idiom is still think of X as Y. Ignore the not part if it confuses you. D is best here. E distorts the idiom.
C: we need WAS for the singular The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
B: Not X but rather Y
Re: more SC   [#permalink] 22 Oct 2007, 18:24
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