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207 - verbing vs relative pronouns - can someone please answer this -

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Joined: 25 Jan 2018
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Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
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207 - verbing vs relative pronouns - can someone please answer this -  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2018, 18:24
OG - Verbal - Q 207

Can someone please check , if my understanding is correct - (I am an E-GMAT student).

A - In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses.
B - In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people with “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses.
C - In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people having “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses.


B - since we are using with (i.e. prepositional phrase) - we are saying there are many young students and out of those , there are few with the skills. This is not the intended meaning. So wrong.
C - By using verbing , we are not putting any restriction. We are saying all young people have this property , however needed does not have a verb here.
A - This is correct as relative pronoun doesn't put any restriction (same as verbing) but "who" acts as a subject for needed.


The structure of the sentence is - \

Adam Smith [sub1]
wrote [verb1]
that [connecting two clauses]
it is young people [OBJ]
[Relative Pronoun (Who) ]- SUB + have something]
[needed [Verb] to start the new business.]
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207 - verbing vs relative pronouns - can someone please answer this -  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2018, 08:36
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207 - verbing vs relative pronouns - can someone please answer this - &nbs [#permalink] 13 Mar 2018, 08:36
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