tudelue wrote:
A certain bag contains red, blue, and green marbles. What is the ratio of number of green marbles to the number of red marbles in the bag?
(1) The number of blue marbles in the bag is two times the number of green marbles in the bag.
(2) The number of blue marbles in the bag is three times the number of red marbles in the bag.
Given: A certain bag contains red, blue, and green marbles. Let R = # number red marbles in the bag
Let B = # number blue marbles in the bag
Let G = # number green marbles in the bag
Target question: What is the value of G/R? Statement 1: The number of blue marbles in the bag is two times the number of green marbles in the bag. In other words,
B/G = 2/1Since we don't have any information about the value of R, we cannot answer the
target question with certainty.
So, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statement 2: The number of blue marbles in the bag is three times the number of red marbles in the bag. There are several values of x and y that satisfy statement 2. Here are two:
In other words,
B/R = 3/1Since we don't have any information about the value of G, we cannot answer the
target question with certainty.
So, statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statements 1 and 2 combined Statement 1 tells us that
B/G = 2/1, which means
G/B = 1/2Statement 2 tells us that
B/R = 3/1From here, we can quickly find the value of G/R if we recognize that (
G/B)(
B/R) =
G/RReplace each expression with its equivalent value to get: (
1/2)(
3/1) =
G/RSimplify:
3/2 = G/RSince we can answer the
target question with certainty, the combined statements are SUFFICIENT
Answer: C
Cheers,
Brent
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