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A child's conception of whether certain behavior

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A child's conception of whether certain behavior [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2013, 22:15
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Question Stats:

40% (01:25) correct 60% (01:53) wrong based on 186 sessions

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A child's conception of whether certain behavior is right or wrong, referred to as "behavioral pre-disposition," is fully developed by the age of 10. During a person's teenage years, other teenagers with whom the person associates regularly have a significant influence on whether the person later acts in accordance with his or her predisposition. In other words, teenagers tend to mimic their peers' behavior. It is interesting to note that the vast majority of adult criminals also committed crimes as teenagers and associated primarily with other teenagers who later became adult criminals.

Which of the following conclusions can most properly be drawn from the information above?

[A] A child's conception of whether certain behavior is right or wrong can change during the child's teenage years.
[B] Until a child becomes a teenager it is impossible to predict whether the child will eventually become an adult criminal.
[C] Law-abiding adults are unlikely to have developed a predisposition for adult criminal behavior.
[D] An adult criminal is likely to have been predisposed as a child to criminal behavior.
[E] Pre-teen children who are not predisposed to criminal behavior are unlikely to become adult criminals.

Am I wrong or is the OA wrong? Please help.

[Source: Peterson's, Master the GMAT 2013]

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Official answer is D. The official explanation is as follows:

Based on the last sentence of the passage, we can conclude that juvenile criminals associate primarily with other juvenile criminals, and that adult criminals constitute the same group of people who were juvenile criminals. For choice (D) to not be readily inferable would require most adult criminals associate primarily with law-abiding peers as teenagers. But this contradicts what we know about adult criminals, based on the passage information. Thus, choice (D) is strongly inferable.

I find some of the reasoning here flawed. Juvenile criminals do associate with other juvenile criminals, BUT juvenile criminals might have had acted for or against their pre-teen conception of right and wrong. But (D) claims that they were predisposed. Or, to flip it around (as the OA does): for choice (D) to not be readily inferable would require adult criminals associate primarily with teenagers who had the correct conception of what constitutes a bad behavior (i.e. they knew that stealing was bad). That doesn't contradict anything, because no information is available on how other juvenile criminals were predisposed.

In other words, a child who knows that stealing is bad might be influenced to steal, become a juvenile criminal and influence another "good boy" to steal.

I think the only possible answer here is (B).
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Inferrance - A child's conception of whether certain behavio [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2013, 22:32
Quote:
I think the only possible answer here is (B).[/spoiler]


Hi,

Actually an inference questions is where we have find "What else must be true from the given passage" ...

It may be restatement of the premise. With this i go for D. Which is correctly inferred from the passage.

As far as B is concerned- It is might be true scenario- This statement may be true sometimes, but not always (More like an assumptions)


To make it more clear. Please read this post --http://gmatclub.com/forum/inference-vs-assumption-146758.html .. This may helps you understand :)
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Re: Inferrance - A child's conception of whether certain behavio [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2013, 04:55
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Gnpth wrote:
Quote:
I think the only possible answer here is (B).[/spoiler]


Hi,

Actually an inference questions is where we have find "What else must be true from the given passage" ...

It may be restatement of the premise. With this i go for D. Which is correctly inferred from the passage.

As far as B is concerned- It is might be true scenario- This statement may be true sometimes, but not always (More like an assumptions)


To make it more clear. Please read this post --http://gmatclub.com/forum/inference-vs-assumption-146758.html .. This may helps you understand :)


I am having trouble with D,
B seems a lot more true, as it is written that the behavior can significantly change during the teenage years...
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Re: Inferrance - A child's conception of whether certain behavio [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2013, 05:57
ronr34 wrote:
I am having trouble with D,
B seems a lot more true, as it is written that the behavior can significantly change during the teenage years...



Hi,

What is actually i understood from both B and D.

B. we cannot predict that child whether he will be criminal when he becomes adult untill he turns to his teenage.

It is more like an assumptions. It may be true or may not be, He can be a normal child during his childhood days but a criminal now.

D. The fact that Adult criminal most likely has been exposed to criminal behavior during the child.

It is more like a re-statement of the final lines in passage.

Quote:
the vast majority of adult criminals also committed crimes as teenagers and associated primarily with other teenagers who later became adult criminals


This doesn't say all adult criminals but majority of them, thats what option D also states. This is what i think.
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Re: Inferrance - A child's conception of whether certain behavio [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2013, 06:06
Gnpth wrote:
ronr34 wrote:
I am having trouble with D,
B seems a lot more true, as it is written that the behavior can significantly change during the teenage years...



Hi,

What is actually i understood from both B and D.

B. we cannot predict that child whether he will be criminal when he becomes adult untill he turns to his teenage.

It is more like an assumptions. It may be true or may not be, He can be a normal child during his childhood days but a criminal now.


It's not an assumption. It follows from the premise that regardless of pre-teen pre-disposition, the teenager can turn either way. It does not add new information to be an assumption.

Gnpth wrote:
D. The fact that Adult criminal most likely has been exposed to criminal behavior during the child.

It is more like a re-statement of the final lines in passage.

Quote:
the vast majority of adult criminals also committed crimes as teenagers and associated primarily with other teenagers who later became adult criminals


This doesn't say all adult criminals but majority of them, thats what option D also states. This is what i think.


(D) would have been a restatement if it said: "[D] An adult criminal is likely to have been predisposed as a child to criminal behavior. a criminal teenager". Instead it states that those children with pre-disposition (according to the passage, it means "conception of right and wrong") are more likely to become teenage criminals. This is new information which we were not given, so it can't be inferred.
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Re: A child's conception of whether certain behavior [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2014, 07:02
Can we have an expert kindly review this one and tell us the difference between A and D here?

Honestly, I went for A cause D didn't make much of a sense to me. It is not necessary that it will be that way. But anyways, just to check

Cheers!
J :)
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Re: A child's conception of whether certain behavior [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2014, 11:10
jlgdr wrote:
Can we have an expert kindly review this one and tell us the difference between A and D here?

Honestly, I went for A cause D didn't make much of a sense to me. It is not necessary that it will be that way. But anyways, just to check

Cheers!
J :)


HELLO FRIEND..!
I thoroughly agree with u..although a child may b xposed to crim. bhaviour,wat if he has a very good company in teenage ..he will most probably mimic him and may not end upp being a criminal...whereas,in A..watever the experience tht child may have,he mostly b inclined to mimic his peers...wat say...!?
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Re: A child's conception of whether certain behavior [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2014, 20:47
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Let's see at the two main contenders here, A & D.

What does A say?
[A] A child's conception of whether certain behavior is right or wrong can change during the child's teenage years.
Does any sentence in the premise say or imply that a conception can change? No. The premise only says that a behavior, not a conception, is regularly influenced when a child sees how his peers commit crimes. In other words, a teenager who is predisposed to crimes can also commit a crime with higher probability. However it's not necessarily that he doesn't think such a behavior is bad. His behavior doesn't deny the fact that he has the same conception as he had when he was 10.

On the other hand the premise also says that "...the vast majority of adult criminals also committed crimes as teenagers..."
This is exactly what D paraphrases.
[D] An adult criminal is likely to have been predisposed as a child to criminal behavior.
All we need is to presume that a child is not necessarily a person under 10, but also a teenager.

This is my first explanation. Don't judge me strictly :wink:
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Re: A child's conception of whether certain behavior [#permalink]

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Re: A child's conception of whether certain behavior [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2018, 04:18
vards wrote:
jlgdr wrote:
Can we have an expert kindly review this one and tell us the difference between A and D here?

Honestly, I went for A cause D didn't make much of a sense to me. It is not necessary that it will be that way. But anyways, just to check

Cheers!
J :)


HELLO FRIEND..!
I thoroughly agree with u..although a child may b xposed to crim. bhaviour,wat if he has a very good company in teenage ..he will most probably mimic him and may not end upp being a criminal...whereas,in A..watever the experience tht child may have,he mostly b inclined to mimic his peers...wat say...!?



Yes option A seems more relevant


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Re: A child's conception of whether certain behavior   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2018, 04:18
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