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A cube is enclosed in a cylinder, what is the largest possible volume

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A cube is enclosed in a cylinder, what is the largest possible volume  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2018, 01:04
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A cube is enclosed in a cylinder, what is the largest possible volume of the cube?

(1) The volume of the cylinder is 100π
(2) The area of the base of the cylinder is 25π

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Re: A cube is enclosed in a cylinder, what is the largest possible volume  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2018, 07:07
Bunuel wrote:
A cube is enclosed in a cylinder, what is the largest possible volume of the cube?

(1) The volume of the cylinder is 100π
(2) The area of the base of the cylinder is 25π


Question: what is the largest possible volume of the cube?

Statement 1: The volume of the cylinder is 100π

Since we have the volume of the cylinder so with same volume many cylinders are possible but in each of them the volumes of cubes will also be different

Only one case will be obtained in which the volume of the cube will be maximum hence this statement is
SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: The area of the base of the cylinder is 25π
Height of the cylinder is unknown which also restricts the biggest possible cube that can be fit into the cylinder hence
NOT SUFFICIENT

Answer: option A
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A cube is enclosed in a cylinder, what is the largest possible volume  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Sep 2018, 05:34
We are given that a cube is enclosed in a cylinder nd we need to find out the maximum possible volume of the cube.
The volume of the cube depends on the side of the cube i.e volume = (side)^3 and the side of the cube and enclosure of the cube will depend on the radius and height of the cylinder.


Statement 1: Volume of cylinder = 100\(\pi\)
\(\pi\)\(r^2\)h=100\(\pi\)
r and h unknowkn
so statement 1 is insufficient

Now Statement 2: Area of base of cylinder =25pie
area of base = pie*r^2
so pie*r^2=25 pie
r^2=25
so r=5 (as r cannot be -5)
But we don't know the height of the cylinder
so Statement 2 is not sufficient

Combining both statement 1 and statement 2 we get r and h so we can know the largest possible volume of cube.
Hence the answer is Option C

Originally posted by thewayfareryogi on 14 Sep 2018, 07:27.
Last edited by thewayfareryogi on 19 Sep 2018, 05:34, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: A cube is enclosed in a cylinder, what is the largest possible volume  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2018, 00:51
In statement 1- volume of cylinder is given. With given data, we cannot find radious and height of cylinder which is required to find volume of cone.
Statement 2 - base area is given so we can get the radious of cone...
So combining both the statements, we will get both radious and height of cone. So C should be the answer.

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A cube is enclosed in a cylinder, what is the largest possible volume  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2018, 01:25
2
The largest cube inside a cylinder depends on the latter's base radius and height.
Knowing just the base radius or just the height value of the cylinder is insufficient to determine the volume of the cube.

a) \(\pi r^2 h = 100 \pi\)
Both r and h are unknown. NOT SUFFICIENT

b)\(\pi r^2 = 25 \pi\)
r value is known. But we do not know anything about h. h may be smaller than r\(\sqrt{2}\). Therefore NOT SUFFICIENT.

Combining both a and b, we can know r and h and hence the value of the volume of the cube.
So answer is C
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A cube is enclosed in a cylinder, what is the largest possible volume &nbs [#permalink] 15 Sep 2018, 01:25
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