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A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people

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A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2008, 12:19
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Question Stats:

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A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people caused harm, some of those people doing so intentionally, and some accidentally. When asked about appropriate punishments for those who had caused harm, the younger children, unlike the older ones, assigned punishments that did not vary according to whether the harm was done intentionally or accidentally. Younger children, then, do not regard people’s intentions as relevant to punishment.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

(A) In interpreting these stories, the listeners had to draw on a relatively mature sense of human psychology in order to tell whether harm was produced intentionally or accidentally.
(B) In these stories, the severity of the harm produced was clearly stated.
(C) Younger children are as likely to produce harm unintentionally as are older children.
(D) The older children assigned punishment in a way that closely resembled the way adults had assigned punishment in a similar experiment.
(E) The younger children assigned punishments that varied according to the severity of the harm done by the agents in the stories.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2008, 13:42
I would choose A. Since this options states that: listeners had to draw on a relatively mature sense of human psychology in order to tell whether harm was produced intentionally or accidentally, and since younger children are not likely to have that skill developed, the argument that ''Younger children, then, do not regard people’s intentions as relevant to punishment'' is seriously weaken by the above conclusion.

What is the OA?

ttram wrote:
Please help me to explain this sentence:

A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people caused harm, some of those people doing so intentionally, and some accidentally. When asked about appropriate punishments for those who had caused harm, the younger children, unlike the older ones, assigned punishments that did not vary according to whether the harm was done intentionally or accidentally. Younger children, then, do not regard people’s intentions as relevant to punishment.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

(A) In interpreting these stories, the listeners had to draw on a relatively mature sense of human psychology in order to tell whether harm was produced intentionally or accidentally.
(B) In these stories, the severity of the harm produced was clearly stated.
(C) Younger children are as likely to produce harm unintentionally as are older children.
(D) The older children assigned punishment in a way that closely resembled the way adults had assigned punishment in a similar experiment.
(E) The younger children assigned punishments that varied according to the severity of the harm done by the agents in the stories.

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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2008, 14:25
JCLEONES wrote:
I would choose A. Since this options states that: listeners had to draw on a relatively mature sense of human psychology in order to tell whether harm was produced intentionally or accidentally, and since younger children are not likely to have that skill developed, the argument that ''Younger children, then, do not regard people’s intentions as relevant to punishment'' is seriously weaken by the above conclusion.

What is the OA?

ttram wrote:
Please help me to explain this sentence:

A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people caused harm, some of those people doing so intentionally, and some accidentally. When asked about appropriate punishments for those who had caused harm, the younger children, unlike the older ones, assigned punishments that did not vary according to whether the harm was done intentionally or accidentally. Younger children, then, do not regard people’s intentions as relevant to punishment.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

(A) In interpreting these stories, the listeners had to draw on a relatively mature sense of human psychology in order to tell whether harm was produced intentionally or accidentally.
(B) In these stories, the severity of the harm produced was clearly stated.
(C) Younger children are as likely to produce harm unintentionally as are older children.
(D) The older children assigned punishment in a way that closely resembled the way adults had assigned punishment in a similar experiment.
(E) The younger children assigned punishments that varied according to the severity of the harm done by the agents in the stories.

A is an answer. However, I still do not understand a little bit.

The premise says that "the younger children, unlike the older ones, assigned punishments that did not vary according to whether the harm was done intentionally or accidentally".
The conclusion is that "Younger children, then, do not regard people’s intentions as relevant to punishment."

Thus, if A is right, it weakens the premise, not the conclusion. What is the point here? We should pick the answer which weakens the premise, or the conclusion? Please help me to explain, thanks.

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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2008, 06:29
pmenon wrote:
whats the deal with A ? It seems to contradict the conclusion



Well A is the right answer... and its simple why?

If the children are not able to ( not mature enough to ) interpret whether the crime was done intentionally or unintentionally then can't judge it on the basis of interpreation. therefore the conclusion that for younger children intention doesn't matter is untrue..

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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2008, 08:58
Agreed, A it is.

it is supposed to contradict the conclusion because it weakens it the most, and weakening is the type of the question asked.

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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2011, 10:45
the source is OG10.

A weakens the conclusion by saying that younger children do not posses mature sense to determine whether the harm was produced intentionally or not.
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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2011, 21:28
Between A and D, A actually strengthens the conclusion.

D is the best.
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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2011, 09:38
D cannot be the answer as it talks about the older children...the argument talks about the younger ones.
At first read I was confused with the answer, but I was able to eliminate B, D and E.
Between A and C...C didn't make any sense... and I selected A as answer.

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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2013, 22:25
Hi,

I got a PM to respond to this question. Please find the response below:



Let me know if it helps.

-Rajat
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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2013, 06:15
egmat wrote:
Hi,

I got a PM to respond to this question. Please find the response below:



Let me know if it helps.

-Rajat


I too marked A, But i am unable to rule out E. Can you please explain how you ruled out E?

My reasoning for E is

When the younger children assigned punishments that varied according to the severity of the harm done by the agents in the stories then the Younger children regard people’s intentions as relevant to punishment. so it might weaken the conclusion

Please correct me if i am wrong
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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2013, 09:35
Quote:
My reasoning for E is

When the younger children assigned punishments that varied according to the severity of the harm done by the agents in the stories then the Younger children regard people’s intentions as relevant to punishment. so it might weaken the conclusion

Please correct me if i am wrong


There is no relationship between severity of harm and intention. Lets say I hit someone while driving my car at 70 mph. The severity of harm would be the same whether I hit the person intentionally or by accident. Since there is no relationship between severity of harm in intention, this choice is OFS (out of scope)

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Re: A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people   [#permalink] 07 Jan 2013, 09:35
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