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A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an

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A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2009, 11:11
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7. A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important one, that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.
a) that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.
b) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade
c) that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade
d) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like earlier in the decade
e) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade

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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2009, 16:45
E

want keep

'like earlier in the...' is too ambiguous

'like it did earlier' clearly refers to the housing market spiralling out of control
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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2009, 16:49
Hades wrote:
E

want keep

'like earlier in the...' is too ambiguous

'like it did earlier' clearly refers to the housing market spiralling out of control


i agree that the answer is E). can someone clarify the use of like vs. as it as in answer choice B? I guess B personifies the housing market, so therefore it is wrong?

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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2009, 17:28
I am a bit confused here..........

e) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade

Here, keep refers to the 'factors' . Well if that is the case, why do we have 'it' here which is singular

In C option : that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade

keeps refers to 'one of the factors' and so does 'it' which is singular..........

Shouldnt the answer be C then?

I dont know where I'm going wrong here..........

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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2009, 17:35
gmatprep09 wrote:
I am a bit confused here..........

e) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade

Here, keep refers to the 'factors' . Well if that is the case, why do we have 'it' here which is singular

In C option : that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade

keeps refers to 'one of the factors' and so does 'it' which is singular..........

Shouldnt the answer be C then?

I dont know where I'm going wrong here..........


it modifies housing market, keep modifies factors, hence one is plural and the other is singular

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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2009, 17:41
gmatprep09

We have to identify the clauses at work here.

The subject is "interest rate", which if "keep" (or a form of it) were the verb with this subject, then we would need "keeps" because "keeps" is proper if you have a singular subject. "The interest rate...keeps....", but "is" is the verb, not "keeps". "Keeps" is part of an clause/phrase that describes what an interest rate is. The phrase is "only one of the factors...that keeps the housing market..." We have a plural "factors" so "factors...keep" the same thing as "Dams in rivers keep the water back."

As for the word "it" later on, the antecedent of "it" is actually "interest rate", not factors.

gmatprep09 wrote:
7. A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important one, that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.
a) that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.
b) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade
c) that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade
d) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like earlier in the decade
e) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade

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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2009, 18:03
Interesting, I thought the correct reading was that the antecedent of "it" was the housing market, which spiraled out of control earlier.

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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2009, 18:16
I guess it's not clear whether the housing market spiraled out of control earlier or if a high interest rate kept it from spiraling out of control. Upon second reading, the more likely reading is that the housing market did spiral out of contral earlier in the decade and your reading is correct.

bipolarbear wrote:
Interesting, I thought the correct reading was that the antecedent of "it" was the housing market, which spiraled out of control earlier.

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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2009, 20:30
gmatprep09 wrote:
7. A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important one, that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.
a) that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.
b) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade
c) that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade
d) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like earlier in the decade
e) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade


B
2-3 split keeps vs keep

we need as to compare clause. B remains.

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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2009, 20:33
oops, yes B, I didn't see that B) had 'that keep'
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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2009, 07:28
imo, the answer is B..

Here the significance is how the maket spiraleld out of control..

So AS wins over LIKE, as there are no comparisions between nouns but comparisions between clauses..

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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2009, 00:54
B.

thanks for the great explanations guys.

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Re: Brutal SCs - no. 7   [#permalink] 04 Jun 2009, 00:54
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