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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe

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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Dec 2018, 04:44
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A
B
C
D
E

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  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (01:21) correct 59% (01:20) wrong based on 1761 sessions

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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.


(A) that they will, or could,

(B) that they would, or could,

(C) they will be or could

(D) think that they will be or could

(E) think the power stations would or could

Originally posted by sztiwari on 11 Dec 2007, 12:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 04 Dec 2018, 04:44, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2012, 07:43
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Hi All,

A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

Image

Error Analysis:

Conjunction “but” joins two independent clauses. But we have a dependent clause after “but” that does not connect too well with the preceding independent clause. The meaning of the sentence is not very clear from the way this sentence has been written.

POE:

Choice A: that they will, or could,: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: that they would, or could,: Incorrect. Same errors as in choice A.

Choice C: they will be or could: Incorrect. Pronoun “they” appears as the subject of the second independent clause and “a majority of the international journalists surveyed” is the subject of the first independent clause. The placement of “they” is such that it refers to the subject of the first independent clause that makes the sentence illogical.

Choice D: think that they will be or could: Correct.

Choice E: think the power stations would or could: Incorrect. Use of “would” is incorrect in this sentence. When the reported speech is in the present tense then the future tense verb in the statement should be “will”. “would” is used when the reported speech is in the past tense. In this choice the reported speech “think” is in present tense. Hence the verb “will” should be used here and not “would”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2010, 04:54
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tenaman10 wrote:
A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could


SC Tip: Always check the outside structure before worrying about the details!

A majority (subject) ['of the journalists surveyed'- prepositional phrase] view (verb) power stations (object) as unsafe now, BUT...

Your job at this point is to figure what the 'but' was supposed to contrast.

Journalists view the power stations as unsafe NOW, but 'think' something different regarding the future.

The contrast is between 'view' and 'think', so we should look only at D and E. And you now have to choose between 'will' and 'would':

'Will' indicates what can/will happen in the future.
Ex. "I will go swimming tomorrow." (A real future event.)

'Would' indicates what cannot happen now nor in the future.
Ex. "I would go swimming now/tomorrow, but I have too much work to do."

The intended meaning of the sentence is to say that journalists think it is really possible that power stations will be made safe in the future.

SC Tip #2: When in doubt, add 'that'!
The GMAT SC almost always prefers, "She thinks that she can fly," to "She thinks she can fly."

Best,
Sarai

(For more on modals, check out SC Lesson 6 at gmaxonline!)
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2007, 22:07
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sztiwari wrote:
13. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could


D. it seems a classic example of llism in terms of verb and tense as I have encountered it frequently.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2008, 03:01
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These type of questions really make it difficult to finalize concepts ....

A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but think that they will be or could be made sufficiently safe in the future.

In the above statement there are two nouns journalists and stations

The first subject ( journalists ) view .... and think ..... ( as stations don't think ) ....

It means that they will logical to think as "stations" .....
But still , they can be jouralists too ....

But another is another aspect to the above question.
We have to choose between D and E only.

A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but think the power stations would or could be made sufficiently safe in the future.

In E we have a serious problem in structure , because THAT is missing . A run on sentence infact.

Now between bad and worse, it the bad [D]

Please put forward you opinion regarding my analysis
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2008, 09:11
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I'm kind of confused why everyone is getting E. Why would you say 'would or could'? Could implies that it is possibe and would is generaly used to in an ureal or unlikely situation.

Ex. If I was there I would.

The beginning of the sentence says that the power stations are unsafe 'but'.

To me the logical following should be that they either will or can be safe. It doesnt make much sense to say they're not safe but the would be unless you add a reason why.

ex: They are not safe buy the would be if we introduce new safety measures.
NOT: They are not safe but they would and could be.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2009, 02:30
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it should be D...because will shows that they feel that it will definately happen
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2009, 11:26
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gmataspirant2009 wrote:
13. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.
(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could
would or could refers to past tense, so incorrect

This question tests parallelisim.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2010, 05:04
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so, is the answer (d) ?
i dont think d is correct as in (D), they can either refer to power stations or to the jounalists.

please comment
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New post 27 Jun 2010, 05:07
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sumedhamahajan wrote:
so, is the answer (d) ?
i dont think d is correct as in (D), they can either refer to power stations or to the jounalists.

please comment


Journalists are not something that can be made safe. Pronoun ambiguity arises when there is more than one logical referent for a pronoun, causing the sentence to have two different possible, logical meanings.

-Sarai
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2010, 17:07
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
Journalists are not something that can be made safe. Pronoun ambiguity arises when there is more than one logical referent for a pronoun, causing the sentence to have two different possible, logical meanings.
-Sarai


I would normally agree with that, but sometimes I feel unsure if that rule above can be generalized....

consider the following SC from OG12 (spoiler alert here...):

A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses ...; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses after THEIR horns are trimed.

obviously journalists are not something that can be made safe, but isn't it quite obvious that humans don't have horns!??! so under your rule above, the THEIR should correctly and unambigously refer to rhinos? But OG12 says that THEIR could refer to the tourists as well.

the question is where I draw the line of possibile logical referent?

ack.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2010, 00:25
adalfu wrote:
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
Journalists are not something that can be made safe. Pronoun ambiguity arises when there is more than one logical referent for a pronoun, causing the sentence to have two different possible, logical meanings.
-Sarai


I would normally agree with that, but sometimes I feel unsure if that rule above can be generalized....

consider the following SC from OG12 (spoiler alert here...):

A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses ...; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses after THEIR horns are trimed.

obviously journalists are not something that can be made safe, but isn't it quite obvious that humans don't have horns!??! so under your rule above, the THEIR should correctly and unambigously refer to rhinos? But OG12 says that THEIR could refer to the tourists as well.

the question is where I draw the line of possibile logical referent?

ack.


A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses to discourage poachers; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are trimmed.
(A) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are
(B) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one once their horns are
(C) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns have been
(D) if tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns are
(E) if tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one after the animals’ horns have been

Hi Adalfu,

I don't have the OG12 in front of me at the moment, so I don't know what they wrote in the explanation, but while the problem is here, let's break it down.

You are absolutely right that there is no way to confuse people as the referent for "their". However, when an SC problem bothers to replace a pronoun with the actual noun, the result is a clearer sentence and there'll be preference for such an answer choice. Even when a pronoun is not ambiguous, the reader does have to do the work of finding the referent, and so a sentence is always a bit clearer when the noun is used instead of the pronoun.


There are three other major issues here though:

1) Tenses: We want to indicate that the trimming precedes the visiting; this is why 'has been' is needed-- the past has to be involved in the verb.

2) If vs. Whether: IF THE SENTENCE IS NOT A CONDITIONAL, DO NOT USE 'IF'.

3) Ellipses: In B, the word 'one' means 'one rhinoceros'. But the word 'rhinoceros' does not appear in the sentence. Only the plural, 'rhinoceroses', appears, and you cannot imply a word that never shows up!

Best,
Sarai

More on conditionals in SC Lesson 8 and practice with ellipses in SC Lesson 9 at gmaxonline!
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2010, 09:52
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JoyLibs wrote:
lonewolf wrote:
Can anyone explain the difference behind "will be" and "would be" here?

I understand the answer is D because of parallelism. I was wondering if E was rewritten as "think that the power stations would be or could"

Which one would the GMAT prefer?


Someone please explain the difference between 'will be' and 'would be'



When the subject makes a prediction you have to use Simple present and the modal (Will, can, may, should or might) + the base form of the verb.

If I take an extra course each semester, I should graduate a semester earlier.

When the subject Speculates about something (unlikely to happen) you have to use the past tense + the modal (could, might, would) + base form of the verb

If I won the lottery, I would quit my job and travel the world

When the subject speculates about something that didn't happen in the past it is used the past perfect and the modal (could have, might have, would have) + past participle

If I had won the lottery, I would have quit my job and traveled the world.
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Re: International Journalist.  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2010, 22:39
The first thing is to resolve what the pronoun - they - stands for; we should be clear that – they - refers to the power stations and not the journalists, because it is meaningless to brand journalists as safe in the future.

Second thing is that the subordinate sentence should include the basic verb form – be – in order to parallel the - be- in the non-underlined portion. As per this norm, only C and D qualify.

Between C and D, C has the problem of an ambiguous – they- which might refer to either the journalists or the power stations. This leaves D in which the journalists think that they (the power stations) will be or could be blah blah …., thus maintaining parallelism
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2012, 04:25
A, B, and C are clearly wrong because they involve a missing verb after 'but'

Between D and E, D is better because it uses the correct tense 'will' instead of 'would'. Second, there is a missing 'be' after 'would'.

D it is.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2012, 07:37
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26. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could

Source: Brutal SC's

Again I am having same doubt , I had PM'ed 2-3 GMAT instructors long back but no one replied my luck :P

This was my query will be glad if someone explain this :

"This is regarding the pronoun antecedent rule . I have one query regarding that.

When we are 100% sure that a pronoun refer backs to a particular noun, I mean it depends on person to person how they interpret.

For example:

The city lights when turned on disturb many residents so they are turned off. (This is ambiguity that residents are turned off, or it is self understood that lights are turned off).
The city lights when turned on disturb many residents so they turn them off. (Who turn Whom off? or it is also self understood that residents turn city lights off).

Plz quote a thumb rule ."
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2012, 07:48
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2015, 21:37
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Clearly D,

E changes meaning for two reasons:
1) we are talking about nuclear power stations , but not power stations in general.,
The original sentence means nuclear power stations are not safe, but doesn't mean "(all) power stations are not safe"
2) Original sentence uses will (100% chance) and could (50% ),
but when you say "I would help if I didn't have to work" you mean "I didn't help"
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2018, 23:21
journalists view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but think that they will be or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.
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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2019, 03:20
I had read a rule somewhere which said that :- "If the future is indicated from the point of view of the past, simple future is not used"

For example:- The man said that he would buy a car.

Now, coming to the question, if the sentence was like:-A majority of the international journalists surveyed viewed nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but think that the power station would, or could.

Would E be then correct?

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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2019, 03:20

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