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A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition

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A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Dec 2018, 02:45
2
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A
B
C
D
E

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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

46% (01:16) correct 54% (01:17) wrong based on 404 sessions

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A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition is the most serious health problem facing the third world countries, but it could or will be eradicated with the assistance of developed countries.

(A) but it could or will
(B) but they could or will
(C) but that it would be or could
(D) but that it can and will
(E) but it would and should

Source: Master GMAT
Difficulty Level: 700

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Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 14 Aug 2017, 04:30.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 29 Dec 2018, 02:45, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 08:41
SajjadAhmad wrote:
A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition is the most serious health problem facing the third world countries,but it could or will be eradicated with the assistance of developed countries.

(A) but it could or will
(B) but they could or will
(C) but that it would be or could
(D) but that it can and will
(E) but it would and should

Master GMAT


Considering the highlighted part only (D) fits in perfectly...

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Re: A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2018, 11:46
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1
SajjadAhmad wrote:
A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition is the most serious health problem facing the third world countries,but it could or will be eradicated with the assistance of developed countries.

(A) but it could or will
(B) but they could or will
(C) but that it would be or could
(D) but that it can and will
(E) but it would and should

Master GMAT


WHO concluded something and that is relevant currently. Hence the present tense verb "is". Also, WHO predicts that malnutrition can and will be eradicated.

Option A:but it could or will
Could and will are not parallel. Could is the past tense of the modal verb "can"

Option B:but they could or will

The pronoun reference is incorrect

Option C:but that it would be or could
If the reporting verb "is" was mentioned in the past tense as "was", then the modal verbs "could or would" can be used. But, the context requires "will" / "can"

Option D: but that it can and will
Correct

Option E:but it would and should
Same error as C
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Re: A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2018, 13:26
SajjadAhmad wrote:
A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition is the most serious health problem facing the third world countries,but it could or will be eradicated with the assistance of developed countries.

(A) but it could or will
(B) but they could or will
(C) but that it would be or could
(D) but that it can and will
(E) but it would and should

Source: Master GMAT
Difficulty Level: 700


daagh , AjiteshArun , generis , sudarshan22

I am a little confused between A and D. If we consider option D, shouldn't the sentence have a verb parallel to "concluded" after "that" ?? That was the reason i rejected D and went for A. Although I had a gut feeling that D was right. Please help
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Re: A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2018, 20:57
3
Prateek176 wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition is the most serious health problem facing the third world countries,but it could or will be eradicated with the assistance of developed countries.

(A) but it could or will
(B) but they could or will
(C) but that it would be or could
(D) but that it can and will
(E) but it would and should

Source: Master GMAT
Difficulty Level: 700


generis ,
I am a little confused between A and D. If we consider option D, shouldn't the sentence have a verb parallel to "concluded" after "that" ?? That was the reason i rejected D and went for A. Although I had a gut feeling that D was right. Please help


Prateek176 , a lot of elliptical construction exists in this sentence.

In answer to your question, no, we do not need a verb that is parallel to concluded.
We need to repeat that.

We do not need another verb that is parallel to concluded after "that" because a second concluded is omitted but implied.

In other words, we already have an "invisible" concluded:
..panel concluded that X, but (panel concluded) that Y

• repeated THATs connect the clauses back to "concluded."
The word THAT "distributes" the different parts of what the panel concluded.


The second of two THAT clauses will connect to "concluded" as long as the word THAT is repeated.

The comparison marker is "but."
Whatever is to the right of but must match whatever is to the left of but.

The non-underlined portion of the sentence contains the left side of the contrast:
. . . that malnutrition is the worst problem, [but]
THAT + noun + verb + [object/subject complement]

The right side of the contrast must be similar.

• Rewrite the sentence -> shorten -> shorten again.

-- The panel concluded that malnutrition is the worst problem, but the panel also concluded that malnutrition can be eradicated and will be eradicated.

-- The panel concluded that malnutrition is the worst problem, but [the panel also concluded] that malnutrition can and will be eradicated.

-- The panel concluded that malnutrition is the worst problem, but that it can and will be eliminated

Core
The panel concluded
1) THAT malnutrition is the worst problem
but
2) THAT it (malnutrition) can and will be eradicated
Second clause, structure:
THAT + pronoun + compound verb
[perfect]

To maintain parallelism when clauses are compared, THAT must be repeated.
See the footnote below to understand what happens when "that" is not repeated.

Only Options C and D correctly repeat THAT

Option (C) fails.
"Could be" and "would be" are hypothetical and tentative.

We have no indication that the panel's conclusion is conditional or hypothetical.

In fact, the non-underlined word IS suggests that the conclusion is certain.

Option D) [concluded THAT malnutrition IS X], but THAT IT can and will be eradicated.

Certainty on the left side of the word BUT matches certainty on the right side.

(D) is a clear winner.

I hope that helps.


* We cannot omit the word THAT in comparison (contrast) clauses

Here is the simplified sentence with that repeated:
The panel concluded that malnutrition is the worst problem, but that it can and will be eradicated.

Remove the second THAT
-- The panel concluded that malnutrition is the worst problem, but it can and will be eradicated.
1) In the first IC, the panel concluded something
2) In the second IC, without another THAT, we have no idea whether the assertion "[malnutrition] can and will be eradicated" is connected to the panel's conclusion.
3) Maybe the author is reporting that the panel concluded X, but the author believes that the panel members should not worry because X is fixable.
Wrong meaning.

The POE on this question is really swift.
1) THAT clauses connected to the same verb (in this case, concluded) must be parallel
2) to be parallel, the word THAT must be repeated in both or all clauses
3) Options A, B, and E incorrectly omit THAT
4) Option C: omit because it uses the uncertain "could" and "would." That uncertainty does not match the non-underlined portion in which IS indicates certainty.
The panel concluded that malnutrition IS X, but that malnutrition can and will be Y-ed
Answer D

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Re: A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2018, 01:39
generis wrote:
Here is the simplified sentence with that repeated:
The panel concluded that malnutrition is the worst problem, but that it can and will be eradicated.




generis why didn't you use modal verbs in past simple like below. aren't we violating sequence of tense ? :) (first part is in the past and second in the present)

The panel concluded that malnutrition is the worst problem, but that it could and would be eradicated.
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Re: A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2018, 02:04
1
arichinna wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition is the most serious health problem facing the third world countries,but it could or will be eradicated with the assistance of developed countries.

(A) but it could or will
(B) but they could or will
(C) but that it would be or could
(D) but that it can and will
(E) but it would and should

Master GMAT


WHO concluded something and that is relevant currently. Hence the present tense verb "is". Also, WHO predicts that malnutrition can and will be eradicated.

Option A:but it could or will
Could and will are not parallel. Could is the past tense of the modal verb "can"

Option B:but they could or will

The pronoun reference is incorrect

Option C:but that it would be or could
If the reporting verb "is" was mentioned in the past tense as "was", then the modal verbs "could or would" can be used. But, the context requires "will" / "can"

Option D: but that it can and will
Correct

Option E:but it would and should
Same error as C


"can" in the explanation above in point C should be "could" on similar logic. :)
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Re: A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2018, 02:04
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A panel from the World Health Organization concluded that malnutrition

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