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A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included

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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2017, 10:20
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In matters of modifications or pronoun references, one can't let go logic off the sight. If the appositive 'a pioneer journalist' does not modify Nelly Bly, can it modify 'the exploits', the only other noun, logically?
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 12:56
Hi Expert,

I understand that choice B is the best choice among all the choices. However, I did not understand the usage of "circling the globe" after "included".

The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, --subject
included --verb
circling the globe...--does not seem to be the object

Please help !
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2017, 15:56
Hi AR15J,

I am not an expert but let me add my two cents.
In option B, circling the globe is a verb-ing modifier modifying
the verb included. Here is the meaning aspect to help you understand better:

The exploits of Nellie Bly ,a pioneer journalist, included (included what?) (you may also erase in between
coma modifier - a pioneer journalist- to understand the sentence structure better)

exploits included two things: circling the globe and that it did faster than Jules Verne’s fictional Phileas Fogg

Hope this helps!

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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2017, 16:00
Hi Experts,

Is- Nellie Bly's exploits - noun or adjective?
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 06:08
macjas wrote:
A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg

A A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
B The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
C Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included
D Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are
E The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included


The modifier"A pioneer journalist " should modify Nellie Bly .
But in the original sentence it is modifying Exploits.
B is the correct answer with correct modifier.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 06:10
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adkikani wrote:
Hi Experts,

Is- Nellie Bly's exploits - noun or adjective?


It is noun .
Nellie Bly's fantastic exploits.
Here fantastic is an adjective of exploits.
Hope it helps.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 11:08
Very nice explanations, arvind910619 and adkikani! :thumbup:
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 17:12
Hi arvind910619

I would like to disagree with your here.
As per my understanding, Nellie Bly's exploits is a possessive noun.

For eg.
A widower Sara's case stirred the courts to provide justice early.

Here a widower can not refer to Sara since it is in possessive form.
I think noun modifier can not refer nouns in this form.

mikemcgarry GMATNinja can you validate my understanding?
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 13:50
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adkikani wrote:
Hi arvind910619

I would like to disagree with your here.
As per my understanding, Nellie Bly's exploits is a possessive noun.

For eg.
A widower Sara's case stirred the courts to provide justice early.

Here a widower can not refer to Sara since it is in possessive form.
I think noun modifier can not refer nouns in this form.

mikemcgarry GMATNinja can you validate my understanding?


Hello adkikani - You are correct in saying that in the above sentence, "A widower" does not refer to Sara.

However, if you are looking errors in option A, I believe, "A pioneer journalist" in this option refers to "Nellie Bly's exploits" as a whole, or just assume "exploits". This does not make sense.

Hope this clarifies.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 22:53
Why can't A be considered right
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2017, 03:31
Option C is wrong in the original question, it should be, (the option C should be corrected.)

(C) Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2018, 00:22
Correct answer "B" - "pioneer journalist" modifies accurately Nellie Bly.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2018, 15:42
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Hello Everyone!

This is a tricky question that deals with modifiers, so let's dive in! Before we get started, here is the original question any major differences between each option highlighted in orange:

A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg

A. A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
B. The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
C. Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included
D. Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are
E. The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included

Since it's clear from the earlier forum discussion that this question focuses on modifiers, let's start there.

To check for modifier problems, you need to ask yourself the following:

1. Is it absolutely clear who/what the modifier is referring to?
2. Is the modifier referring to the correct person/thing in the sentence?
3. Does the modifier placement change the intended meaning in any way?


If the modifier's antecedent is clear and correct, and it doesn't change the overall meaning, it's a properly-placed modifier! Let's take a look at each option, and answer those 3 questions to determine if they are well-placed modifiers:

A. A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included

1. Is it absolutely clear who/what the modifier is referring to? --> YES - it's referring to Nelly Bly's exploits.
2. Is the modifier referring to the correct person/thing in the sentence? --> NO - it should be referring to Nelly Bly, not her exploits!
3. Does the modifier placement change the intended meaning in any way? --> YES - it tells us her exploits were pioneer journalists, which doesn't make logical sense!

This is INCORRECT because the modifier (A pioneer journalist) is referring to Bly's exploits, not to her.

B. The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included

1. Is it absolutely clear who/what the modifier is referring to? --> YES - it's referring to Nelly Bly, who was a pioneer journalist!
2. Is the modifier referring to the correct person/thing in the sentence? --> YES!
3. Does the modifier placement change the intended meaning in any way? --> NO!

This is CORRECT because the modifier (a pioneer journalist) is clearly referring to Nelly Bly, and it's punctuated correctly to indicate it's a modifier!

C. Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included

1. Is it absolutely clear who/what the modifier is referring to? --> Yes - the modifier "included" is referring to the word "journalist."
2. Is the modifier referring to the correct person/thing in the sentence? --> NO - the phrase "included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg" should refer to "exploits," which isn't even in this sentence!
3. Does the modifier placement change the intended meaning in any way? --> YES - it removed the idea of Nelly Bly having exploits in her life, including the ones discussed in the sentence!

This option is INCORRECT because it removed the idea of Nelly Bly's "exploits," which them makes the phrase "including circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg" make no sense.

D. Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are

There is no modifier issue in this sentence. However, this sentence is INCORRECT because it has a subject-verb agreement problem. The sentence only gives us ONE example of the exploits Nelly Bly experienced, but it uses the plural verb "are."

E. The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included

1. Is it absolutely clear who/what the modifier is referring to? --> Yes - it's saying that a pioneer journalist exploited Nelly Bly.
2. Is the modifier referring to the correct person/thing in the sentence? --> NO - the pioneer journalist IS Nelly Bly, not some other person!
3. Does the modifier placement change the intended meaning in any way? --> YES - it completely changes the meaning! It now says that some other journalist exploited Nelly Bly and circled the globe faster than everyone involved!

This is INCORRECT because it drastically changes the meaning of the original sentence.


There you have it - option B is the correct answer because it used the modifier correctly and did not change the intended meaning!


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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 12:08
vnigam21 wrote:
Option C is wrong in the original question, it should be, (the option C should be corrected.)

(C) Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the


Hi GMATNinja,

This question needs a n edit . The option on choice C is not as it appears in OG.

Request you to edit the option in this case, as there is something to learn from each incorrect choice of OG .

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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2018, 07:59
Probus wrote:
vnigam21 wrote:
Option C is wrong in the original question, it should be, (the option C should be corrected.)

b Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the[/b]


Hi GMATNinja,

This question needs a n edit . The option on choice C is not as it appears in OG.

Request you to edit the option in this case, as there is something to learn from each incorrect choice of OG .

Probus

Fixed! Thanks Probus and vnigam21 for bringing this to our attention.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included &nbs [#permalink] 04 Oct 2018, 07:59

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