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A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing

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A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2019, 01:33
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Question Stats:

16% (02:09) correct 84% (02:20) wrong based on 546 sessions

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A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing products can generally command a high price. Because technological advances tend to be quickly surpassed and companies want to make large profits while they still can, many companies charge the maximum possible price for such a product. But large profits on the new product will give competitors a strong incentive to quickly match the new product's capabilities. Consequently, the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(A) The first is a consideration that has been raised to argue that a certain strategy is counterproductive; the second presents that strategy.

(B) The first is a consideration raised to support the strategy that the argument recommends; the second presents that strategy.

(C) The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second presents that strategy.

(D) The first is an assumption, rejected by the argument, that has been used to justify a course of action ; the second presents that course of action.

(E) The first is a consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects; the second presents a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal.
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2019, 12:31
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MartinTao wrote:
A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing products can generally command a high price. Because technological advances tend to be quickly surpassed and companies want to make large profits while they still can, many companies charge the maximum possible price for such a product. But large profits on the new product will give competitors a strong incentive to quickly match the new product's capabilities. Consequently, the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(A) The first is a consideration that has been raised to argue that a certain strategy is counterproductive; the second presents that strategy.

(B) The first is a consideration raised to support the strategy that the argument recommends; the second presents that strategy.

(C) The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second presents that strategy.

(D) The first is an assumption, rejected by the argument, that has been used to justify a course of action ; the second presents that course of action.

(E) The first is a consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects; the second presents a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal.


Hi ballest127 & Akshi123 - Happy to chime in and help!

For boldface reasoning questions, we'll want to start by thinking about the boldface portions in terms of three considerations:

1. Whether the bold portions are presented as fact (evidence/premise) or opinion (conclusion)
2. Whether the bold portions align with or contrast one another (are they making the same point, or different points?)
3. Whether the bold portions align with or contrast the author's argument (Here - it's important to identify the argument structure and conclusion, regardless of whether it falls under one of the bold faced portions - keep in mind, the non-boldened portions are equally important to understanding the argument as a whole!)

In this case, the distinction between (C) and (E) rests on the latter two points. In this argument, the first boldface portion presents the situation for why the author posits that "the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price" - the author and argument's overall conclusion. The second, is that strategy/conclusion. So, both points align with one-another, and align with the author. Thus, (C) makes a lot of sense!

We'll want to keep in mind that we're looking for why the author has chosen to include the information first and foremost. So, function of the detail should be what we look for in the boldface portions. In this case, "Because technological advances tend to be quickly surpassed and companies want to make large profits while they still can, many companies charge the maximum possible price for such a product" has been included to explain why "the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price."

In answer choice (E) - the statements align with one-another, but run counter to the author's conclusion. In this case, the final boldface portion is the author's conclusion! So, the first certainly cannot be a "consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects," nor the second "a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal." The goal mentioned in the argument (maximizing overall profit) is not rejected by the author's argument/conclusion. Instead, the author presents a strategy for how to do so in the second boldface portion, and uses the first to present why this strategy is appealing/sensible.

This is actually a very common trap set up in CR boldface arguments - since the argument introduces a point countered by the author. Because of this, test-takers will gravitate toward answer choices with conflicting or contrasting language. But keep in mind, the boldface portions are making the same point, and it's the point the author is making - so (C) fits perfectly!

(This question poses a similar structure - in case you'd like to reinforce the point with another example!)

So, as much as possible, if you can try to whittle away the content and focus on the structure/function of the argument, you'll be able to differentiate between correct and convincing wrong answers, and move through questions like this one more efficiently and effectively!

I hope this clarifies!
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2019, 01:36
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MartinTao wrote:
A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing products can generally command a high price. Because technological advances tend to be quickly surpassed and companies want to make large profits while they still can, many companies charge the maximum possible price for such a product. But large profits on the new product will give competitors a strong incentive to quickly match the new product's capabilities. Consequently, the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a consideration that has been raised to argue that a certain strategy is counterproductive; the second presents that strategy.

(B) The first is a consideration raised to support the strategy that the argument recommends; the second presents that strategy.

(C) The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second presents that strategy.

(D) The first is an assumption, rejected by the argument, that has been used to justify a course of action ; the second presents that course of action.

(E) The first is a consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects; the second presents a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal.


Similar questions:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-product-th ... 80739.html (GMATPrep)
https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-product-th ... 57502.html (GMATPrep)
https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-product-th ... 57880.html (OG)
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2019, 02:17
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MartinTao wrote:
A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing products can generally command a high price. Because technological advances tend to be quickly surpassed and companies want to make large profits while they still can, many companies charge the maximum possible price for such a product. But large profits on the new product will give competitors a strong incentive to quickly match the new product's capabilities. Consequently, the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(A) The first is a consideration that has been raised to argue that a certain strategy is counterproductive; the second presents that strategy.

(B) The first is a consideration raised to support the strategy that the argument recommends; the second presents that strategy.

(C) The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second presents that strategy.

(D) The first is an assumption, rejected by the argument, that has been used to justify a course of action ; the second presents that course of action.

(E) The first is a consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects; the second presents a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal.


Can someone please explain? I was divided between C and E.
And I went on with E.

The first boldface says the companies maximize the price. And the second boldface...

Oh no.. what a blunder! C it is! My bad. :facepalm_man:
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2019, 13:40
is this question really from gmatprep?
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2019, 19:46
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rnn wrote:
is this question really from gmatprep?


Yes, I am pretty sure. I saw it in Thursday with Ron.

And you can get more details here. https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/a-product-that-represents-a-clear-technological-advance-t12085.html
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2019, 16:43
Hi expert,

I wonder why E is incorrect and why C is correct?

Please explain.

Thank you.
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2019, 17:45
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Kindly explain why E is incorrect?
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 11:09
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Between C and E,
The catch in the last option is "...a goal that the argument rejects" and now think, does the argument reject the goal of making profits or does it state a better way to achieve the goal? clearly it's the latter.
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2020, 10:41
Can any expert explain please whats the difference between choice B and C and how to reject B??
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A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2020, 17:31
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Can you elaborate option (E) and (C) for me?

Quote:
A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing products can generally command a high price. Because technological advances tend to be quickly surpassed and companies want to make large profits while they still can, many companies charge the maximum possible price for such a product. But large profits on the new product will give competitors a strong incentive to quickly match the new product's capabilities. Consequently, the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price.


Main conclusion: the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price. (marked by keyword: consequently)

My understanding of passage:
Technological advance (TA) in products: Charge more to customer to get profits asap.
But competitors find a GREATER incentive seeing larger prices, hence they too COPY TA and in turn destroy the earlier
company's plan to make huge profits earlier.

Quote:
(E) The first is a consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects; the second presents a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal

BF1 Is a consideration.
Goal: To make profits as early as possible
Does author rejects the goal: *Yes, He says since competitors shall match TA for the products, the firms shall not be able to execute their plan.
BF2: I would purely reject this choice since BF2 is a conclusion / opinion. It can NEVER be a COURSE OF ACTION as this option suggests.
*Other subtle difference is author is against strategy of firms, not the goal.

I discarded C because:
Quote:
(C) The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second presents that strategy.

Strategy 1 by firms: Charge as much $ as possible so as to get maximum profit in minimum time.
Stategy 2 by author: DO NOT CHARGE $$$, since then competitors will be aware of higher prices, follow TA and then the plan (of earning maximum profit in shortest period) of firms shall fail.

The main conclusion

Quote:
the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price.

is based on premise:
Quote:
large profits on the new product will give competitors a strong incentive to quickly match the new product's capabilities

NOT strategy 1 as suggested by firms in BF1.

Let me know if my reasoning is correct.
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2020, 13:56
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Hello again, adkikani. I find your thoughts on the question to be spot on, other than the part, of course, about rejecting choice (C). To be clear, I understand how you could interpret that option as saying that the strategy in bold, the first boldface portion that is, was appealing when the author goes against that strategy. But by more closely examining the regular text surrounding the two boldface lines, you come to see that the appeal of a certain strategy refers instead to the overall strategy espoused by the author, expressed clearly at the end of the passage in the second boldface portion. Option (C), then, becomes difficult to argue against. And you are right about (E): the argument does not reject the goal of making money. The author only considers the optimal way to go about achieving that aim. Remember, every word in an answer choice has to count.

I hope that helps. If not, let me know, and I would be happy to carry on our dialogue.

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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2020, 23:13
MartinTao wrote:
A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing products can generally command a high price. Because technological advances tend to be quickly surpassed and companies want to make large profits while they still can, many companies charge the maximum possible price for such a product. But large profits on the new product will give competitors a strong incentive to quickly match the new product's capabilities. Consequently, the strategy to maximize overall profit from a new product is to charge less than the greatest possible price.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(A) The first is a consideration that has been raised to argue that a certain strategy is counterproductive; the second presents that strategy.

(B) The first is a consideration raised to support the strategy that the argument recommends; the second presents that strategy.

(C) The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second presents that strategy.

(D) The first is an assumption, rejected by the argument, that has been used to justify a course of action ; the second presents that course of action.

(E) The first is a consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects; the second presents a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal.


I would request someone to post a screenshot of the actual GMAT Prep question. Here, the first boldface statement includes the strategy companies follow. (C) will be correct if our boldface includes only
Because technological advances tend to be quickly surpassed and companies want to make large profits while they still can,

This is the appeal of both strategies - one that companies follow and the other that the author recommends.

"But large profits on the new product will give competitors a strong incentive to quickly match the new product's capabilities." is the appeal of the author's strategy only.

So even with the correct boldface statements, I would just make do with option (C) since nothing else is better.
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Re: A product that represents a clear technological advance over competing   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2020, 23:13
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