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A recent court decision has qualified a 1998 ruling that workers canno

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Re: A recent court decision has qualified a 1998 ruling that workers canno  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2018, 14:28
1
Kezia9 wrote:
I was stuck between A and C and chose C. What is wrong with C? Please explain.

Hi Kezia9!

Happy to help :)

Let's take a look at C:

A recent court decision has qualified a 1998 ruling that workers cannot be laid off having been given reason for believing that their jobs would be safe, provided that their performance remains satisfactory.

First of all, "having been given reason"... yikes!! That sounds extremely wordy, and it's very unlikely that this would be the best way to express this idea. That should be a tipoff right away that C is not going to be the best option.

Second, "having been X" or "having done" is used to describe an action that happened before another action in the past. For example:

The student, having finished her homework, went to bed.

This tells us that the student first finished her homework and then went to bed. But here, we don't have any other past action. The workers, having been given reason, did what? We can't use this verb tense if we don't have two different actions that happened in the past.

And finally, "reason for believing" is an incorrect idiom; we need to use "reason to believe".

I hope that helps! :)
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Re: A recent court decision has qualified a 1998 ruling that workers canno  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Nov 2018, 02:30
Here"If" is used with present perfect tense while what I have studied
If can be used only with
1. present simple
2. simple past
3. past perfect
Kindly help in understanding this sentence

Originally posted by arpitalewe on 19 Nov 2018, 05:35.
Last edited by arpitalewe on 20 Nov 2018, 02:30, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A recent court decision has qualified a 1998 ruling that workers canno  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2018, 11:45
GMATNinja A lot has been said about conditionals here, and i got all the rules.
What i am not able to do that is identify XXX and YYY in the structure If XXX, then YYY
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Re: A recent court decision has qualified a 1998 ruling that workers canno  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2019, 15:50
1
ratsvijay wrote:
GMATNinja A lot has been said about conditionals here, and i got all the rules.
What i am not able to do that is identify XXX and YYY in the structure If XXX, then YYY

This is a good reminder that language is fluid - you don't want to be so rigid in your expectations that a simple structural change ruins your ability to tackle a question.

Typically, the If/then structure will contain the "if" clause first. For example, "If I forget to wear pants to the opera, my wife will pretend she does not know me." But it's perfectly legitimate to flip the order and write, "My wife will pretend she does not know me if I forget to wear pants to the opera."

The same is true in the OA for this question. The "then" clause comes first: "Workers cannot be laid off if they have been given reason to believe that their jobs will be safe." This is, for all intents and purposes, the same as "If they have been given reason to believe that their jobs will be safe, workers cannot be laid off."

The takeaway: do not try to memorize dozens and dozens of structures and then expect to see those structures in a form that resembles what you memorized! Yes, some rules are worth internalizing, but ultimately, you need to use context and logic, while remaining flexible enough to adapt to a variety of scenarios. Some related ideas can be found in this article.

I hope that helps!
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Re: A recent court decision has qualified a 1998 ruling that workers canno &nbs [#permalink] 08 Jan 2019, 15:50

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