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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an aver

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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an aver  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2010, 17:52
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

46% (00:44) correct 54% (00:39) wrong based on 69 sessions

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Hi Experts,

Could anybody explain the reasoning in the following question:

Q: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.
A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Thanks in anticipation.
-Amit
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an aver  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2010, 16:52
This is a tough one. Let's start by eliminating the poor choices.

D is clearly incorrect because the finite that-clause (there's an implied that there) is a fragment (CEO's being the subject without any predicate).

E is incorrect because it's missing the auxiliary verb in the progressive (CEO's now earning should be CEO's are now earning), though I could entertain an argument that earning is a habitual verb not needing an auxiliary.

That leaves us with A, B, and C as possible options. From there, I think it's a matter of which one is more elegant. I would eliminate C because as compared is awkward. A and B are a toss-up. I would go with A because B adds an extra relative clause where A says it more directly (compared to a ratio of 42 times vs. a ratio that compares to 42 times).

I suppose one could argue that A is somewhat ambiguous as to what's being compared, whereas B is clearer on that point, but this reason is not compelling enough for me.

I vote for A.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an aver  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2010, 16:52
2
Q: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.
A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times

B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times

C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

In C and D, it's not clear that 'their' is refering to CEOs or blue collar workers.

Here we are comparing the pay of ceo and that of blue collar worker.

B and E do akward comparision.

I would pick A.
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New post 03 Feb 2010, 18:55
Hi Guys,
OA is C.
Could anyone clearly justify?

Thanks
-Amit
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New post 03 Feb 2010, 18:56
Hi Guys,
OA is C.
Could anyone clearly justify?

Thanks
-Amit
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New post 03 Feb 2010, 19:05
Let me give it a try. Purely based on process of elimination.

Q: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.
A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
WRONG Incorrect comparision between - now earn an average of 419 AND blue collar workers.

B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
WRONG Here the second part of the statement - "42 times" - is not clear. "42 times in 1980" to what ?


C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
CORRECT

D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
WRONG who is referring to possesive CEO's


E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
WRONG Incorrect structure/meaning. Honestly speaking, i don't know why this answer is wrong but my ear say's that this answer is wrong
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New post 03 Feb 2010, 19:13
Hi MS,

Thanks for the explanation....
The last one :
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
WRONG Incorrect structure/meaning. Honestly speaking, i don't know why this answer is wrong but my ear say's that this answer is wrong

The phrase in the second sentence 'compared to the ratio of 42 times' is incorrect comparison...

Thanks
-Amit
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New post 21 Aug 2012, 09:42
I agree with the OA. For those of you who called A, there seem to be a lot of people out there who think A.

Personally, I thought A was a bit ambiguous.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an aver  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2012, 10:59
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amitanand wrote:
Hi Experts,

Could anybody explain the reasoning in the following question:

Q: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.
A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Thanks in anticipation.
-Amit



Eliminate D & E because we need the "that' clause.

A & B seem to portray that we are comparing the pay to a ratio. A- stating "compared to a ratio of 42 times" & B a ratio that compares to 42 times it is illogical to compare the pay of a CEO to a ratio.

In C the correct answer we compare pay to pay. as compared to 42 times their pay. .
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an aver  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2012, 01:14
Q: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.
The intent of the sentence :

Recent review indicates........... ( WHAT ?)............. 2 things :
1. ......................CEO's now earn X ============ X ( X = 419 times the pay of blue collar workers )
2. In 1980 ..........CEO's used to earn Y ========== Y ( Y = 42 times the pay of blue collar workers )

To make a logical construction of the above, we do a vertical scan :

Only C fits the bill :

Recent review indicates THAT........... CEO's now earn X ..............as compared to Y ( Followed by a narrative/descriptive relating to Y = A ratio in 1980)

leading to C = my take
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an aver  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 06:12
amitanand wrote:
Hi Experts,

Could anybody explain the reasoning in the following question:

Q: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.
A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Thanks in anticipation.
-Amit


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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an aver   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 06:12
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