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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2009, 11:02
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mbaMission wrote:
A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times


E.

Pay attention to "CEO's", which equals to "CEO is". After this, I think it's pretty clear that E is the only correct one among others, since the correct form is "CEO is earning".
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2009, 03:09
I think this question has somewhere has already been discussed. I say E.

What's the OA?
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2009, 03:30
OA is B i think not sure :)

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2009, 07:14
It's a GMAT Prep question. OA: C
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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urchin wrote:
A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times


Between A and B, I would go with A.
Actually I prefer to repeat " a ratio" in B than just say "compared to 42 times" in A, but the reason I didn't choose B is because B uses "compares" rather than "compared", I think the passive voice "the ratio is compared" is better than the active voice "the ratio compares" in this case.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.
a) incorrect comparison of pay with blue collar workers
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.42 Times of what? makes an incorrect ratio comparison
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratioCORRECT
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio - meaning changed - 419 times more pay is different from 419 times the pay
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
same reason as D

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2009, 20:23
ANS: C

D, E are out because pay scale indicates CEO is wrong .
It should be indicates a fact that.

A is wrong because 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers
Pay can’t be compared to blue colour worker.

B is awkward.

If the above explanation helps.........
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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tough question....could get down to B and C...picked (C) because B sounds awkward with...."a ratio that compares....."

A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio - should be indicates that
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times - should be indicates that

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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billyjeans wrote:
I picked C.
I don't think B corrected expressed what it is comparing. C, although long, but not necessarily wordy, made the correct comparison.

i agree with Billyjeans,
D&E: out as we need "that" here
A: out as wrong comparison
between (B) and (C) I vote for (C) for 2 reasons:
- We need "X times something" but not "X times" alone.
- "that compares to ..." is awkward
people can say "their" in (C) is ambiguos but i dont think so. I think it paralel to "the pay of blue-collar workers"
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2010, 08:02
A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

a. that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times - that and correct comparison "compared to (unlike things)"
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio - not starting with "indicates that" - that restricitve pronoun is required to refer back the subject in context.
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times - same as D

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2010, 14:21
OA is C.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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Hi,
I received a Pm to respond to this one.

A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEOs now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

Image

According to a recent review, CEOs now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers. The ratio of the same was 42:1 in 1990.

Image

Now let’s look at error of this sentence:
1. Usage of “a ratio of” is incorrect here. It’s ambiguous what does it refer to. Also, it breaks the parallelism between “419 times” and “42 times”. Only the expression “42 times” would have been enough to present the correct comparison.

PoE:

a. that CEOs now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

b. that, on average, CEOs now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times: Incorrect. This choice suggests the ratio compares to 42 times, that is in 42 different times in 1990. This is illogical comparison.

c. that, on average, CEOs now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio: Correct. The parallelism is correctly maintained. “a ratio” correctly modifies “ “42 times their pay”.

d. CEOs who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio: Incorrect. Per this choice, recent reviews indicate “CEOs”.

e. CEOs now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times: Incorrect.
1. Repeats the same error as in choice A.
2. Repeats the same error as in choice D.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2013, 11:01
a. that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

A,D Out as we don't use "Times" and "more than (comparison signals) " simultaneously .

Moreover, B is awkward as colored.

E changes the tense from simple to progressive .

Well that will help !!!
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2013, 22:58
targetgmatchotu wrote:
a. that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

A,D Out as we don't use "Times" and "more than (comparison signals) " simultaneously .

Moreover, B is awkward as colored.

E changes the tense from simple to progressive .

Well that will help !!!


Hai, Wanted to clarify the same. Can we eliminate A and D for the reasons stated here? "Times" and "more than" both are used.

I wanted to clarify bcz i made a 2/3 split using this approach. Thanks in advance.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2013, 01:07
friend29 wrote:
targetgmatchotu wrote:
a. that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

A,D Out as we don't use "Times" and "more than (comparison signals) " simultaneously .

Moreover, B is awkward as colored.

E changes the tense from simple to progressive .

Well that will help !!!


Hai, Wanted to clarify the same. Can we eliminate A and D for the reasons stated here? "Times" and "more than" both are used.

I wanted to clarify bcz i made a 2/3 split using this approach. Thanks in advance.


Surely, the split works .However, I won't recommend the strategy of splits because sometimes the right answer as per individual's choice isn't the correct answer.

Moreover, I would like to recommend the E-gmat strategy of understanding the meaning first.However, I am not the endorser of the same.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2013, 22:25
I like A... but maybe that's because I'm thinking in to this too much.

I narrowed it down to A. and B., but there is a fundamental difference between "Ceos earning an Average of 419 times" and "on average, a CEO earns 419 times" ... which in essence is saying that "the average CEO earns 419 times"....

B. and C. change the noun that "average" modifies and should therefore be eliminated due to a change in meaning..

but maybe I'm reading way too much into that.. I just finished a book on statistical fallacies and that was one of them lol.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2014, 13:43
A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980

that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times.
Three errors:
Meaning : CEO's earn what - an average of something or money - an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers: nonsensical. {YES/NO}
Idiom : X times more pay than Y , should be X times of Y {YES/NO}
Modifier : blue-collar workers, compared to blah blah... compared is a ed-modifier modifying workers: wrong {YES/NO}

that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
Meaning : a ratio that compares to 42 times; ratio 419:1 compares to 42:1 of 1980 .... compares what ? incomplete meaning. {YES/NO}

that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio.
Modifier : the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared .... the pay of xx, as compared to workers pay compared is modifying the pay and this modification is acceptable thus here it is fine.
Absolute phrase : The ratio in 1980 someway modifies the proceeding modifier's object 42:1 in 1980.
Correct sentence.

CEO's who now earn on average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio.
Meaning : A recent review of pay scales indicates NOUN CEO's : wrong
Meaning : CEO's who earn , limiting the scope of meaning to CEO's who earn earn blah blah... original meaning covers all CEO's in GENERAL. {YES/NO}
Meaning : who now earn on average of something or money - an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers: nonsensical. {YES/NO}
Idiom : X times more pay than Y , should be X times of Y {YES/NO}
Modifier : than blue-collar workers, compared to blah blah... compared is a ed-modifier modifying workers: wrong {YES/NO}

CEO's now (modifier) earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
Meaning : A recent review of pay scales indicates NOUN CEO's : wrong
Meaning : earning an average of something or money - an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers: nonsensical. {YES/NO}
Idiom : X times more pay than Y , should be X times of Y {YES/NO}
Modifier: the pay ..., compared (OK) but comparison is not right 419 times the pay != the ratio of 42 times
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2014, 04:36
urchin wrote:
A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

a. that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times


I agree choice C is best but
in C "as compared " is a elliptical clause which mofifies the preceding clause and refers to "CEO's" . This make no sense.

logicaly, "as compared to " modifies "419 times". but grammartially, "as compared to" can not modifiy "419 times. there is no pattern of this kind in english grammar
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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According to Ron Purewal, the answer is C.http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/gma ... t1889.html

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2014, 09:37
Really good explanation by ron..

In short here it is:
"compared to a ratio of 42 times" - 'times' cannot be left alone - it has to be times of something..

Also after reading the ron's explanation I realized that 'their' is not really ambiguous because of parallelism
419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay

Good question..

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average   [#permalink] 09 May 2014, 09:37

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