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A recent survey found that more computers than copies of

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A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2008, 18:54
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A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced above EXCEPT:

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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spiridon wrote:
A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced above EXCEPT:

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.


Alright, guess I'm up.

So, basically the argument in the passage is that since people are buying computers more than they're buying computer programs, they must be obtaining many of their computer programs illegally. Meaning, if Dell reported revenues of $1 billion last year, but Microsoft only reported revenues of $1 thousand...you would assume something is up, right?

Our job is to find counters to reasonable objections to the passage's conclusion. Meaning, they're going to give you answer choices that SHOULD strengthen the argument put forth in the passage. Also, all of the answer choices should be linked to a reasonable objection to the passage's conclusion. Steps for solving the problem:

(1) Examine an answer choice
(2) Determine what argument the answer choice counters.
(3) Determine whether that argument is a reasonable objection.
(4) Rinse & repeat for all answer choices given.

So, I'm going to take it answer choice by answer choice and go through the above steps...

(A) "Few German computer users write their own computer programs."

This must counter the argument: "But what if everybody in Germany writes their own computer programs? If that were the case, then of course there would be relatively few purchases of computer programs."

This seems like a reasonable objection. If computer programming were widespread in Germany then it would make fewer people than normal would be out buying programs. In order to come to the same conclusion as the author of the passage, it would help to address this issue.

(B) "There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany."

This must counter the argument: "But what if most of the programs available in Germany are free? If that were the case, people aren't illegally downloading...they're just downloading free programs legally."

This seems like a reasonable objection. If most of the programs in Germany were free, then you'd expect software sales to be low because people could get their programs for free instead of paying. In order to conclude the same thing as the author, it would help to address this issue.

(C) "Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such purchases were counted in the survey."

This must counter the argument: "But what if most people are buying their computers outside of Germany and then bringing them in?"

This is not a reasonable objection. If most people were buying their computers outside Germany, and computer sales were STILL higher than software sales...it would just strengthen the author's point. Even the pitiful amount of computers that actually were bought in Germany is more than the amount of software sold in Germany! So this really does nothing.

(D) "The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on his or her computer."

This must counter the argument: "But what if nobody even uses computer programs in Germany? Maybe they're just buying computers so they can sell them, or use the parts, or whatever..."

This is a reasonable objection. If nobody even used computer programs, then of course sales of computer programs would be low. Clarifying this issue would help strengthen the author's conclusion.

(E) " Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey."

This must counter the argument: "But what if people are giving each other legal copies of programs? They aren't buying new programs because they can just get a legal copy from their friends."

This is a reasonable objection. If everyone could get all the programs they needed legally, then it would be unreasonable to conclude that there is a lot of illegal downloading in Germany. Countering this objection would strengthen the author's conclusion.



Hope that helps. Good luck!

Cliff Notes:
I chose answer choice C

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2008, 01:35
IMO : D ..

Kind let me know if it is correct ? If Yes ..will extend my line of reasoning .
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2008, 05:40
IMO D
spiridon wrote:
A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced above EXCEPT:

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs. - objects that people mostly copy programs to a certain extent
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany. - free, hence people copy and thus objects the argument
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such purchases were counted in the survey.Certainly objects since the number of computers simply increased because of these computers
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on his or her computer.- Definitely says nothing about how so many illegal copies came into. All it could possibly lead is to a reason that since most users have commercially written computer programs, it could be legal or illegal. We don't know and can't say anything.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.
- objects against argument

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2008, 07:31
I go with D but I was debating between B and D. B says they are very less programs (non-commercial) so people can't copy illegally much anyway... is this right reasoning to temp for B?


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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2008, 08:25
I go with C, it doesn't sound as the objection to the interpretation

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2008, 10:38
D.

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs - that means they may not be using pirated software.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.that means they may not be using pirated software.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such purchases were counted in the survey. That means, they would have purchased software also outside of Germany.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on his or her computer. - this does not coutner argument. On the contrary, this tries to support the argument.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey. - counters the argument.

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2008, 11:22
torn btw A and D..will go with D

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2008, 12:06
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wow! this is a tricky one!

IMO D

The answers are refuting some objections to the argument, so if it's possible to find and objection that can be refuted by the answer, that's not the answer...

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs. this answer refutes: "Germans have few programs because the writte their own programs"
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany. it refutes: "Germans are used to use free programs, so they don't need to buy them"
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such purchases were counted in the survey. it refutes: "Germans are used to buy programs outside their country"
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on his or her computer. Hold
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey. it refutes: "well, Germans don't buy programs but they copy them, which is legal in Germany"

OA and Source?

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2008, 12:18
IMO D

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2008, 18:14
the source is GMAT retired paper tests

This question is meant to be answered wrong I guess.

First I could not understand what the hell I am supposed to counter or support or whatever.. IMagine doing this on a real test

However, the OA is C

this guy who answered the question C offered an explanation but still most of you went with D

I did D on the test as well

D as well as C seems neutral to me

I didnt see a connection if Germans buy more computer outside to software they use on those computers
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2008, 04:27
mmm, ok OA is C, however I don't see why D is incorrect... :oops:
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2009, 19:24
A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.
Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2009, 19:53
The answer is D

(A) states that the very few Germans write their own program, so this reinforces the argument
(B) states that free alternatives to purchasing software are scarce, so this also reinforces the argument
(C) just tells us that the number of computers purchased by Germans were quite comprehensively counted.
(E) makes the case that even when you count legal duplicates, software purchases lag behind computer purchases, further reinforcing the argument

(D) implies that because so much software comes pre-installed, there may not be a need to purchase software once the computer is bought.

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2009, 22:15
Agree with D

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2009, 16:42
got D

tricky question because we actually are asked to strengthen the argument

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2009, 09:56
This is very confusing. Btween D and E, I went with E.

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2009, 10:12
IMO D
BTW... Whats the OA

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2009, 23:57
xenok wrote:
The answer is D

(A) states that the very few Germans write their own program, so this reinforces the argument
(B) states that free alternatives to purchasing software are scarce, so this also reinforces the argument
(C) just tells us that the number of computers purchased by Germans were quite comprehensively counted.
(E) makes the case that even when you count legal duplicates, software purchases lag behind computer purchases, further reinforcing the argument

(D) implies that because so much software comes pre-installed, there may not be a need to purchase software once the computer is bought.


IMO C

Premise is that there is mismatch in the number of computers and number of software bought by Germans.
C clearly states that some computers bought outside were also counted in the survey.


D no where states that many software were pre installed. It may be the case that the user installed them illegally after the purchase.

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2009, 00:19
bigfernhead wrote:
This is very confusing. Btween D and E, I went with E.


E too, this is A strenthen EXCEPT question.

E says the error in the survey, so E weakens the argument
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of   [#permalink] 17 May 2009, 00:19

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