OFFICIAL EXPLANATIONHi All,
We're told that a standard set of billiard balls includes 16 balls: 15 numbered balls – with each of the numbers 1 to 15, inclusive, appearing on one ball each – and 1 white ball which is not numbered. If an additional ball from another standard set of billiard balls is accidentally included with an existing standard set of 16 balls, then what is the probability that the extra ball is NOT numbered with a multiple of 2 or 3. While this question might be a bit 'wordy', the 'math' behind this Probability question isn't that difficult - and by simply 'mapping out' what is described, we can get to the correct answer without too much work.
We have 16 balls: fifteen are numbered 1-15, inclusive and one is un-numbered. To answer the question, we have to determine what fraction of those balls are NOT numbered with a multiple of 2 or a multiple of 3. Listing out the options is a fairly easy way to find what we're looking for.
Multiples of 2: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14
Multiples of 3: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15
Notice how the values 6 and 12 appear in BOTH lists; we should not count those numbers twice though (just once each). At this point, we can either calculate the fraction of balls in this combined list... and subtract that fraction from the number 1... or we can list out the balls that fit what we're looking for...
The list of balls that fits what we are looking for is: 1, 5, 7, 11, 13 and the un-numbered ball --> 6 total balls out of 16 total --> 6/16 = 3/8
Final Answer:
GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
_________________
Contact Rich at: Rich.C@empowergmat.comThe Course Used By GMAT Club Moderators To Earn 750+ souvik101990 Score: 760 Q50 V42 ★★★★★ ENGRTOMBA2018 Score: 750 Q49 V44 ★★★★★