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A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if

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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2019, 23:24
shuzy wrote:
Hi, can someone please elaborate on the adverb adjective issue

Thanks in advance


Prob with A,B,C is gain weight quicker
should have a ADVERB instead of ADJECTIVE.
in D quickly than do is wrong


Enjoy!
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2019, 09:41
permit me to post second time, showing the new point.

if do, then do
is a fact, not a conditional

he showED that if temparature is 100 C degree, water boils

honestly, I see hard to diferentiate this sentence from conditional sentence

a timeless fact that water boils at 100 degree C or that they require less medicine confirm that the main clause in the past tense "showed" can go with dependent clause in the present tense.
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2019, 00:24
thangvietnam We need to distinguish between a conditional and a hypothetical. A conditional is ANY statement of a possible conditional and a result. This can be a "timeless fact" ("If an animal does not eat, it will die") or a prediction ("If it rains much more, the game will be canceled") or speculation/judgment of past events ("If he was trying to compliment us, he did a bad job") or a hypothetical ("If all of the continents were connected, people would travel by train more often"). So the statement in this question is definitely a conditional. It's just not also a hypothetical.

A hypothetical is strictly for when we are discussing what would happen in a situation that has not currently come to pass. This can even be a past situation ("If my parents had not met, I would not be alive today"). Note that none of this is affected by verbs that occur BEFORE the conditional (e.g. "showed" in the original). I could say "A study showed that if we do X, Y will happen" or "A study showed that if X had happened, Y would have happened," or "If X were to happen, Y would happen," etc.
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2019, 09:39
in the above question is the usage of quicker not the reason for elimination?
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2019, 09:43
I eliminated C and D since both the options used past tense “required” with an “if” condition. Is this reasoning correct?

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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2019, 18:20
porwal1 wrote:
in the above question is the usage of quicker not the reason for elimination?
You're right: some of these options can be removed because they use an adjective (quicker) to modify a verb (gain/will gain).
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2019, 18:22
sandrajoseph16 wrote:
I eliminated C and D since both the options used past tense “required” with an “if” condition. Is this reasoning correct?
Yes, because we already have exercise (and associate) there.

Just in case it helps, the required in option D is part of the present perfect have required.
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2019, 07:10
DmitryFarber wrote:
thangvietnam We need to distinguish between a conditional and a hypothetical. A conditional is ANY statement of a possible conditional and a result. This can be a "timeless fact" ("If an animal does not eat, it will die") or a prediction ("If it rains much more, the game will be canceled") or speculation/judgment of past events ("If he was trying to compliment us, he did a bad job") or a hypothetical ("If all of the continents were connected, people would travel by train more often"). So the statement in this question is definitely a conditional. It's just not also a hypothetical.

A hypothetical is strictly for when we are discussing what would happen in a situation that has not currently come to pass. This can even be a past situation ("If my parents had not met, I would not be alive today"). Note that none of this is affected by verbs that occur BEFORE the conditional (e.g. "showed" in the original). I could say "A study showed that if we do X, Y will happen" or "A study showed that if X had happened, Y would have happened," or "If X were to happen, Y would happen," etc.



thank you
but I need you to differentiate hypothetical and conditional case. pls, explain it.
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2019, 15:37
thangvietnam Hypotheticals are generally one kind of conditional. Perhaps the most common form is this: "If X happened, Y would happen." Strangely, we use the past tense to describe an imagined future event, and then we use "would" to introduce the predicted outcome if that event happened. "If people were better informed, they would vote for better candidates."

A conditional is just any statement that translates to "If X, then Y." There are many ways to do this, but a conditional by itself does not require any special grammatical adjustment. We can just say "If it rains, we will stay home." Normally, we just use this form and not a hypothetical. It would be weird to say "If it rained, we would stay home" unless we are in the process of comparing multiple options. For instance, I might be discussing whether to get together with some friends tonight. "If I studied tonight, I would go to a coffee shop. Alternatively, I could meet up with friends. If they wanted, we could go to the baseball game, but if it rained, we would stay home and watch a movie."
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if   [#permalink] 29 Jun 2019, 15:37

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