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A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if

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A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Dec 2018, 03:40
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A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.


(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do

(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than

(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do

(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do

(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than

Originally posted by seekmba on 07 Mar 2010, 17:51.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Dec 2018, 03:40, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2010, 22:51
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gmataspirant2009 wrote:
seekmba wrote:
32. A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.

(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do
==> associated is not parallel to "exercise"
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than
==> associated is not parallel to "exercise"
(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do
==> "required" and "will gain" is not parallel
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do
==> "have required" and "will gain" is not parallel
(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than
==> exercise is parallel to associate and "require" is parallel to "gain".
Please provide explanations with answer.

Well wanted to post the explanation but gurpreet's post says it all and is enough to understand that it's a parallelism and verb/tense agreement problem.
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2010, 23:53
(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than
(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do
(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than


Prob with A,B,C is gain weight quicker

should have a ADV instead of ADJ.

in D quickly than do is wrong

its E
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2014, 23:23
IMO E for the below reasons.

A/B. 'exercise' and 'associated' are not parallel
C. 'exercise and associate' are simple present and 'required' is not parallel. Past tense is not correct.
D. 'exercise and associate' are simple present and 'have required' is not parallel. Perfect tense is not required.
E. 'exercise and associate' and 'require' are parallel.
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2015, 03:49
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the important thing we learn from this question is that when the main clause is in past tense, the dependent clause normally in the past tense but can be in the present tense.

without knowing that independent clause can be in the present tense, we still can go to the correct answer.

but in many high level og problem above knowledge is tested .

beautiful question
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2015, 22:57
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(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do------exercise and associated is wrong tense combo

(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than --- same as A.

(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do ---- They required --- wrong past tense in combination with the future tense -will gain-

(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do ----- have required and will gain --- wrong tense combination

(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than ---- perfect tensing; correct choice
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2015, 12:13
seekmba wrote:
32. A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.


Let's understand the meaning of the sentence. It talks about some facts, using if-then to present conditions.

A study
commissioned by the Department of Agriculture (noun modifier that modifies a study)
(this is the verb for a study) showed that
(new clause->if-then situation) if calves exercise and associated with other calves,
(then clause) they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.

Error analysis:
we have 2 verbs not parallel to each other exercise and associated. Both verbs must be in present simple, because then clause has "will require" verb, which is as well incorrect to present facts.
Comparison error -> X gain quicker than Y. X and Y are not parallel.
Future simple used to present general fact.

(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than
(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do
(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2016, 09:54
exercise - so it should be associate

C, D and E.

E follows correct tense sequence.

Also, since we have less medication, more quickly is preferred over quicker.
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2016, 11:04
seekmba wrote:
32. A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.

(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than
(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do
(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than

Please provide explanations with answer.


A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associate with other calves , they (calves) require less medication and gain weight more quickly than those (other calves) raised in confinement.

IMHO (D) for the highlighted errors in the options...
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2016, 21:54
Abhishek009 wrote:
seekmba wrote:
32. A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.

(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than
(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do
(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than

Please provide explanations with answer.


A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associate with other calves , they (calves) require less medication and gain weight more quickly than those (other calves) raised in confinement.

IMHO (D) for the highlighted errors in the options...



Hi Abhishek009,

Is that a typo? Going by the coloring, I think you meant option E?

Also, in D, have required and will gain weight seems odd.
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2017, 08:16
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A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.

(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do - exercise and associated are in different tenses
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than - exercise and associated are in different tenses
(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do - required and will gain are in different tenses
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do - have required and will gain are in different tenses
(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than - Correct

Answer E
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2017, 23:58
A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.

(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do(Parallelism error "calves exercise and associated with")
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than(Same error as above)
(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do(Parallelism error in another part of the sentence "they required less medication and will gain " )
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do(same error as above)
(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than(Best among all)


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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 06:56
A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.

(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than
(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do
(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 08:59
Hi experts! I understand this question. I want to know is the placement of "do" in option D is right?
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 13:10
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sananoor, the word "do" is not wrong. It just isn't needed to make the meaning clear.

Let's contrast it to another case:

I like pie more than my wife.

In this case, we have definite ambiguity: Do I actually prefer pie to my wife or do I simply like pie more than she does? We can save my marriage by adding "does"!

However, there's no ambiguity in the calves sentence. We can't read it to mean "They require less medication than they require those raised in confinement." Therefore, the comparison is clear without "do."
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2017, 01:13
seekmba wrote:
32. A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.

(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than
(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do
(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than

Please provide explanations with answer.


Let's try to solve this question in another way.

This question can be solved easily by implementing concept of conditional verb. When if clause is in simple present tense then clause will always be in simple present or simple future tense.

A and B can be ruled out becasue it states the fact and fact should be in simple present tense. C and D can be ruled out because then clause is in past tense and present perfect tense.

(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 10:12
Hi, can someone please elaborate on the adverb adjective issue

Thanks in advance
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 15:31
shuzy wrote:
Hi, can someone please elaborate on the adverb adjective issue

Thanks in advance




Hello shuzy,


Can you please specify which adverb adjective issue do you have doubt about?

Please elaborate a bit so that we can help you accordingly and effectively.



Looking forward to hear from you. :-)
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2018, 10:43
seekmba wrote:
32. A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if calves exercise and associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do those raised in confinement.

(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do
(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than
(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do
(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do
(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than

Please provide explanations with answer.


(A) associated with other calves, they will require less medication and gain weight quicker than do

(B) associated with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight quicker than

(C) associate with other calves, they required less medication and will gain weight quicker than do

(D) associate with other calves, they have required less medication and will gain weight more quickly than do

(E) associate with other calves, they require less medication and gain weight more quickly than

(E)
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 05:01
(A) Phrase “exercise and associated” are wrong tense combination
(B) Phrase “exercise and associated” are wrong tense combination
(C) The phrase “They required” used wrongly as past tense in combination with the future tense with phrase “will gain”
(D) The phrase “have required and will gain” wrong tense combination
(E) perfect tensing; correct answer. Hence (e).
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Re: A study commissioned by the Department of Agriculture showed that if   [#permalink] 19 Dec 2018, 05:01

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